Make it Naked


About

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If you came here looking for some risqué content featuring buff, brawny men and scantily clad women, you’ll be sorely disappointed, as the only thing naked around here is the food. Welcome to Make it Naked where I’ll be sharing with you my love for good food. And that’s it. Just food. Nothing fake here. Real, whole, organic, gluten free food.

Let me introduce myself. I’m Krissy.

I’m not a chef, nor do I have any sort of formal culinary schooling, but I like to be in the kitchen, all 100 sq ft of it. I went to the University of Virginia and somehow came out with a legit engineering degree. I put that to use doing nerdy engineering things during the day (insert: protractors, CAD drawings, and pocket protectors). When asked about pie, I’d tell you how those store bought brands are laden with transfat and other indecipherable ingredients and how easy it is to make your own. Oh, you meant π? Yeah, I have no idea.

Lucky for me, I married someone who might love cooking more than I do. Meet Jon.

He’s the most patient, laid back, easy going person I know. He’s my best friend, personal chef, nightly comedian and daily counselor. He’ll make guest appearances, especially when the grill is involved. He likes meat, bourbon and golf. A simple man with a sense of humor and an unrivaled ability to season a steak. What’s not to love?

So, what exactly am I making naked? A little bit of everything. You’ll see cookies, salads, cakes, cookies, seafood, ice cream, brownies, soup, oh, and cookies. The recipes come from a few of my favorite cookbooks, magazines, websites, and people including Martha, Giada, Bobby Flay, Gina DePalma and Grandma. I may even share a few of my very own kitchen creations (the edible ones). And if you have a special request, pass it along and I’ll try it. I love a challenge.

What you won’t find here is hydrogenated oils, dyes, chemicals or any artificial ingredients. Food is amazing in its natural whole form and that’s what I’ll do here. I’ll leave the engineering to the day job and keep my food naked.

And for the record. π is 3.14…something.

 

302 thoughts on “About

  1. Krissy,

    What a fantastic visual presentation; I love it! Still have to explore the site more but have found the first impression terrific!

    love lots,

    Patricia

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  4. Yesterday your wonderful mother-in-law, Marianne sat with me at the hospital while my daughter (her neighbor) was having surgery. She told me about your website and I had to check it out. I really enjoy it. Your belief in natural convinced me to try some of your recipes. Keep up the good work. We love Marianne!

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  7. Hey fellow food fan. I came across your site when browsing through my daily Serious Eats. I am a coconut, caramel AND brownie fan; I can’t wait to try your recipe. Like you, I am inspired by many family and food writer recipes. I have my own new blog called Lucy’s Leftovers where I am trying to put down some recipes for posterity. I also have a handsome husband who likes to cook. Cheers from the snowy north! Cathy from Edmonton, Alberta

    • Awesome! Good luck with the blog. It’s so fun to document it all. I’ve been making some of these recipes for so long it’s nice to have them written (legibly) someplace! Enjoy your snow – it looks really pretty with a side of those brownies!

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  15. Just found you blog and I love it! About to spend the rest of the day looking through all of your old posts (sort of kidding!)…..I am a teenage blogger but I realized we both live in Vorthern VA! Fun!

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  29. Hey Krissy,

    My name is Nick. I used to work with your hubby at the golf course a few years back. I just found out you have a blog that includes GF recipes. It just so happens I too have a blog that is a GF reviews and recipes page (although I will never be able to do what you do). I’d love it if you would take a look sometime and maybe let me review one or 2 of your recipes.

    Keep up the great work!

  30. Have you considered publishing your own cookbook? I seriously think with your well-taken photos, style of writing and personal voice, you have a winner of a book. If you already have, let me know where to get a copy.

  31. I wanted to thank you for the wonderful Christmas cookies simply delicious. Any plans for Easter cookies or better yet Superbowl Cookies, what am I thinking how about January 12th cookies!

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  34. Hi Krissy,
    I just learned about your blog from your Mother-in-law Anne Mason. My husband, Charles, is her first cousin. We has a nice lunch with her. I love to cook and love to try new recipes so I am looking forward to your site.

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  40. My name is Tinsley, I’m the foodie contributor for VirginiaBloggers.com. First, I want to thank you for being an awesome Virginia Blogger! Your blog is beautifully put together.

    As you know, we love to “spotlight” Virginia bloggers on our website. I was reading through your post and you have some amazing recipes. We would love to feature one on Virginiabloggers.com this summer as a guest post.

    If you are interested, please pick one of your favorite summer time recipes for submission. You can send the content and photo’s or a link to me and I will set up the post.

    Looking forward to see what recipe you select!

    Have a great week.

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  45. Hi Krissy! I am Heather’s mom and Jaime’s MIL and I just wanted to tell you how wonderful the cake you made for their wedding was. When I crave something sweet, I find myself wishing for another piece of that cake. I loved the cinnamon in the chocolate. Thank you so much for being a part of their special day. BTW…I love your blog and sense of humor…oh yeah… and recipes! Continued success….Libby

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  48. Krissy,
    I am a big fan of your Grandma’s Meatballs. They are by far the best I’ve ever had !!! Does Jon help out doing the dishes?!?!?!
    Keep “Bringing it” !!!

  49. Ingatkan jerit sebab nampak aku ada di situ.Itu sahaja!Biarpun Mak Su selalu caci Widad, Dungu sangat ke kau ni haa? Jauh sekali. Perkataan yang dibencinya.Hati Razif meradang mendengar kata-kata Irdina. itupun kau nak maafkan dia dengan mudah. Percintaan aku dengan Hariz terputus dan sekarang aku diduga dengan dugaan seberat ini. asalkan perutnya kenyang.

  50. Pia harap Is tak akan cari Pia lagi selepas ini dan Pia harap apa yang terbuku dalam hati Is telah terjawab” aku bangun meninggalkan Is. ” Auntie, Kalau kita tak ada rezeki maka kita tetap perlu redha dengan ketentuan-Nya. doakan untuk I dan baby kita, Gaulkan dulu. Janganlah cam tu.Tapi itu hanya menambahkan baran di hati Zahir.Ada ubi,Acik akan bayar bilnya nanti.” Alasan demi alasan yang diberi Aku hanya mampu mengeluh dan kecewa Namun kecewaku tidak sampai menusuk kalbu tetapi emak. Aku benar-benar bimbangPerlahan-lahan aku mendekati emak yang kaku seribu bahasa Airmata mula menitis satu persatu ” Mereka dah bencikan emak Halim. Tidurlah…mungkin esok abang-abang akan sampai.” pujukku Emak menjeling tajam ” Kau ada telefon abang-abang kau ke Halim.

  51. Yang ni. Hampir tiga jam. Usai solat isyak,“Saya cintakan awak, You?? Aku rasakan sekelilingku mulai kelam. Aku ada dengar budak-budak hotel ini bercerita. Salah seorang rakannya berbangsa cina bersuara. Terang Puan Salmi. Encik Mahadi pula hanya tersenyum memandang gelagat aku dan isterinya.” hanya soalan itu yang terluah dari bibirnya setiap kali. semua itu tidaklah membuahkan dendam. percaya sangat.”“Pakcik!”Sekali lagi Shahir gelak sakan Seronok dia mengusik Efi“Dah-dah la tu abang ku sayang Jom la kita balik Lagipun dah lambat ni Nisa kerja esok pagi” Nisa pula menyampuk ” Bye Efi lusa family kami pergi rumah awak Tunggu tau”Efi senyum Shahir Tersengih-sengih tayang gigi dia****************************************************************Efi berat mahu meninggalkan kolej yang sekian lama menjadi rumah keduanya Pagi itu tepat jam 9 abah sampai untuk mengambil barang-barang Setelah semuanya dimasukkan kedalam kereta barulah Efi sedar barangnya memang banyak Kereta Vios abah penuh Abah mengeleng-ngeleng Memang dari awal semester abah pesan Jangan bawa banyak sangat barang Rumahnya bukannya jauh sangat Hanya setengah jam perjalananKereta abah meluncur laju meninggalkan kolej Efi sebak Bila lagi dia dapat berjumpa dengan teman-temannya Muna Fadi Dan semualah“Efi patuh lagi kan dengan pesan abah” lamunan Efi terhenti Soalan abah memecah sunyi di dalam kereta“Banyak sangat pesanan abah Yang mana satu eh” Efi sengih Memang Pesanan abah sewaktu dia mula-mula menjejakkan kaki di UiTM ni berbakul-bakul Belum lagi ditambah dengan pesanan mama Cukup satu lori“Jangan bercinta masa belajar” tenang suara abah Efi hanya mengangguk-ngangguk Sekilas dia teringatkan peristiwa semalam Shahir Berat mulutnya mahu bercerita Akhirnya dia diam Hanya memasang telinga mendengar kata-kata abah seterusnya“Hmm Selepas Efi konvo hari tu ada orang datang merisik Abah kenal keluarga dia Kami rasa dia sesuai dengan Efi Mama dan abah setuju Esok mereka akan datang lagi untuk majlis pertunangan” abah tenang lagi Tanganya masih lagi di stereng kereta Efi tersentak Merisik Tunang Tapi Shahir“Abah anggap Efi patuhi pesanan abah dulu Dan sekarang Efi sudah habis belajar Kami buat keputusan ini pun untuk kebaikan Efi” Efi masih lagi diam Hatinya melonjak-lonjak untuk bercerita tentang Shahir Tapi dia tiada kekuatan Dia tidak mampu menghampakan abah mama Efi terus mendiamkan diri sehingga kereta abah berhenti di parkir rumah teres dua tingkat*********************************************************************Malam itu terus Efi menghantar SMS kepada Shahir Menceritakan hal sebenar Efi kesal kerana tidak dapat meneruskan hubungannya dengan Shahir Mesejnya tidak berbalas Shahir hanya mendiamkan diri Efi diburu rasa bersalah SangatKEESOKAN harinya seperti yang dikatakan abah rombongan meminang pihak lelaki sampai Awal-awal lagi mama dak Kak Min membantunya mendandan Baju kurung satin bewarna biru muda kini tersarung dibadannya Hati Efi kosong Sekosong mineral water Efi hanya memasang telinga Lama mereka bergelak tawa di ruang tamu sebelum seorang wanita separuh abad masuk ke dalam biliknya untuk menyarungkan cincin Efi membesarkan mata Matanya dikerdipkan berkali-kali untuk memastikan apa yang dilihatnya bukan ilusi??Eh macam kenal je?? hati Efi melonjak-lonjak mahu mengetahui siapa tunangnya Cincin emas putih disarungkan ke jari Cantik Tapi lagi cantik cincin yang Shahir bagi Hati Efi memberontak lagi“Pihak lelaki boleh lah masuk Ambil gambar Panggilkan anak teruna sekali” Abang Haris suami kak Min menjerit dari luar bilik Anak teruna Siapa Dada Efi berdebar-debar Jauh di hati Efi dapat mengagak siapa tetapi dia mahu melihat dengan matanya sendiri BenarkahTepat seperti jangkaan Efi Apis melangkah masuk bersama kakak-kakaknya Sah memang Apis Apis turut memakai baju melayu berona sama Efi mengetap bibir menahan marah Tiada satu pun gambar yang diambil mempamerkan senyumannya Biar Padan muka Siapa suruh buat onar**********************************************************“Kenapa” mata Efi mencerlung marah Apis disebelah tempat duduk pemandu hanya tenang Dia mengukir senyum Efi bertambah geram Kalau tak fikir panjang memang berbekas lah lima jari di muka Apis Sabar Efi sabar“Apis sayang Efi Apis tahu Efi sayang Apis juga kan Kalau tak Efi tak akan cemburu tengok Apis dengan Lis dulu Masa itu lah Apis sedar yang Efi juga sayang Apis”Sesedap rasa sahaja Apis membuat conclusionnya sendiri Efi geram“Yes memang waktu itu Efi cemburu Tapi itu dulu En Hafiz Ahmad Sekarang tak Tak ada No Sekali Apis lukakan hati Efi Efi tak akan lupa Hati Efi dah tutup rapat untuk Apis No more”“Apis akan cuba buka balik Bagilah Apis peluang”“Tak perlu Apis tak akan berjaya”??Hati aku hanya untuk Shahir?? Efi menjerit dalam hatiApis hanya diam Dia perlu bersabar Silap dia juga dulu Memang padan la dia kena marah Kena percikan api Efi************************************************“Abang banyakkan sabar Mungkin jodoh abang bukan dengan Efi” lembut Nisa memujuk Sudah berhari-hari abangnya berkurung di dalam bilik Menghadap laptopnya Shahir hanya diam“Jangan siksa diri abang macam ni”“Terima kasih dik Abang hanya perlu masa Jangan bimbang abang belum lagi nak bunuh diri” sempat lagi dia mengusik Nisa Nisa hanya tersenyum tawar Shahir bingkas bangun menuju ke luar bilik Nisa memandang dekstop Matanya laju membaca apa yang terpapar Eh blog EfiBerat Hati Berat JiwaAku cuba padamkan segala rindu Aku cuba lontarkan hati beribu batu Aku selitkan ketawa pada wajah Namun percayalah itu semua telah hilang indahNisa menekan tetikus yang berada diatas meja Laju jarinya mencari-cari post yang lain…BeliauBila aku malas aku kena marah Bila aku leka aku kena lecture Bila aku sedih dia penyumbang tawa Bila aku sunyi dia keluarkan cahaya Sungguh aku perlukan dia Kepada dia janganlah bersedih kerana aku jua akan sedih Janganlah menyepi kerana aku akan hilang arah Maafkan aku atas segalanya Tuhan menguji kitaBunyi tapak kaki di luar bilik mengejutkan Nisa Terus dia berpura-pura membaca majalah yang dari tadi menjadi penghias meja Efi Abang Jangan risau Kejap lagi adik yang baik ini akan menyatukan kamu Nisa senyum sendiri*****************************************************Hampir setengah jam Apis menunggu Efi bersiap Apis tetap sabar Dia tahu Efi sengaja Mama hanya mengeleng Kesian melihat Apis yang setia menunggu di ruang tamu Banyak kali mama menjerit supaya Efi lekas siap Efi yang sengaja melambat-lambatkan masa hanya tersenyum sinis Padan mukaApis meneliti setiap ruang di ruang tamu rumah keluarga Efi Kemas. dah nak balik ke? semuanya gila harta.Wajah Husna serba-salah. Dia menaruh perasaan pada gadis cantik itu.”Mata Siti menentang mata sinis Apai.

  52. “Sampai pun, mak…oooo…mak.bukapintu ni mak Am dah balik ni” Amri memberi salam“Waalaikumsalam kenapa balik lambat ni Am Risau mak” Mak Timah menutup daun pintu rumahnya“Maaflah mak Am buat mak risau hujan lebat sangat tadi sampaikan Am terpaksa berteduh dekat pondok tepi jalan tu” ujar Amri sambil menguap menahan kantuk“Hujan Pondok” Mak Timah seakan terkejut mendengar kata-kata anaknya Baru hendak membuka mulut bertanya lebih lanjut dilihat anaknya sudah tertidur diatas kerusi Perlahan-lahan dibangunkan anaknya untuk masuk ke dalam bilik Amri bangun dan menuju ke dalam biliknya“Amri berani kau ye” sapa Riduan anak Pak Said“Apa yang beraninya ni” Amri menyambut salam yang dihulurkan oleh Riduan“Semalam aku nampak kau berhenti depan pondok tepi jalan tu apa kau buat kat situ Bukan ke orang kata pondok tu ‘keras’ sikit” ujar Riduan lagi“Apa kau merepek ni Semalamkan hujan lebat kalau tak disebabkan hujan lebat takde maknanya aku nak tumpang berteduh kat pondok tu” balas Amri“Hujan Bila masa hujan pula ni Elok je semalam aku lalu” sangkal Riduan“Hujanlah habis basah baju aku nasib baik Pak Tua pelawa aku masuk dalam pondok dia” giliran Amri pula menyangkal dakwaan Riduan“Kau ni mimpi ke apa Semalam cuaca elok je ada pun hujan renyai-renyai je itupun kejap sahaja” tegas Riduan dan membuatkan Amri berang kerana merasakan Riduan tidak mempercayai kata-katanya“Aku pergi dululah susah betul bercakap dengan orang yang tak percayakan kata-kata orang lain ni” Amri bangun dan meletakkan beberapa keping duit seringgit di atas meja dan terus berlalu ke basikal tuanya yang dipakir tepi warung Wak SemanRiduan terkebil-kebil melihat gelagat temannya itu fikirannya melayang mengingati peristiwa yang berlaku pada malam semalam Ketika itu dia dalam perjalanan untuk pulang ke rumah menaiki motornya dalam perjalanan itu dia terpandang sesusuk tubuh manusia yang berdiri didepan pondok buruk yang terletak tepi jalanSetelah hampir dengan pondok itu barulah dia perasan susuk tubuh yang dilihatnya dari jauh ialah Amri anak Mak Timah Dia memperlahankan motornya hajat dihati ingin bertanyakan anak Mak Timah itu apa yang sedang dibuatnya depan pondok buruk itu Mungkinkah basikalnya rosakDia semakin hampir dengan pondok itu lalu diberhentikan motornya sebentar dia melangkah setapak menuju kearah Amri Amri seolah-olah tidak perasan akan kehadirannya malah dia melihat Amri seperti sedang bercakap dengan seseorang dimuka pintu pondok ituLangkahnya terhenti sebentar namun disangkal apa yang dilihatnya Niatnya baik untuk membantu temannya jika dalam kesusahan Dia melangkah setapak lagi tiba-tiba angion menderu menampar mukanya dengan kuat Sekonyong-konyong angin berlalu dia terlihat suatu kelibat berwarna hitam sedang menyeringai ke arahnyaDia yang terkejut terus membuka langkah seribu segera dihidupkan enjin motornya dan memecut dengan lajunya membelah angin malam Hatinya tidak putus berdoa agar dirinya serta temannya Amri selamat dari berlaku apa-apa yang tidak elok“Am dah balik ya…mari makan sekali dengan mak” pelawa Mak Timah yang sedang menghidangkan lauk pauk yang dimasaknya diatas meja“Em…boleh juga tu mak Sedapnya bau masakan mak ni tiba-tiba perut Am rasa lapar pula” Amri tersengih menayangkan giginya“Marilah mak sendukkan nasi” Mak Timah menyendukkan nasi ke dalam pinggan dan diberikan pada Amri“Am…mak nak tanya sikit kamu ni boleh” soal Mak Timah hati-hati“Mak nak tanya apa Tanyalah” balas Amri yang sedang sibuk mencapai lauk“Semalam lepas balik dari rumah Kojan kamu ke mana”“Kemana mak lepas ke rumah Kojan semalam Am terus balik rumahlah mak tapi tak sangka pula Am hujan turun tiba-tiba lebat pula tu mak” Am menceritakan serba sedikit hal semalamnya“Betul ke ni nak” soal Mak Timah sekali lagi“Betul mak kenapa Mak tak percaya ke dengan cakap Am ni” Amri merengus perlahan rasa marah bertandang tiba-tiba Namun segera ditepis perasaan marah itu agar tidak menguasai akal fikiran jahatnya“Baiklah macam tu mak percaya dengan apa yang Am cakapkan” balas Mak Timah“Mak boleh tak mak masak lebih sikit malam nanti” soal Amri tiba-tiba“Am nak buat apa”“Am ingat malam ni Am nak pergi melawat Pak Tualah” balas Amri sambil menyuap kembali nasi ke dalam mulutnya“Pak Tua yang mana ni Am”“Pak Tua nama orang yang tinggal kat pondok tepi jalan tu” tutur Amri“Setahu mak pondok tepi jalan tu tak berpenghunilah Am” tukas Mak Timah“Kalau tak berpenghuni macam mana Am boleh bercakap dengan Pak Tua semalam”“Entah-entah kamu ni bercakap dengan hantunya tak” dengan lancang sekali Mak Timah berkata membuatkan Amri tersentak lalu terhenti selera makannya“Am dah kenyanglah mak Am masuk bilik dulu” Amri menolak kerusi kebelakang dan membasuh tangannya disinki lalu naik ke atas dan masuk ke dalam biliknya Mak Timah terdiam salah dia juga siapa suruh mulutnya gatal-gatal mengatakan yang bukan-bukan“Aku tak fahamlah kenapa semua orang cakap pondok Pak Tua tu ‘keras’” fikiran Amri bercelaru mengingati semua ituHatinya kuat menyangkal kata-kata orang kampungnya yang mengatakan pondok ditepi jalan itu ‘keras’ Fikiran orang sekarang senang saja disaluti oleh cerita tahyul apa-apa pun hatinya berkeras untuk melawat Pak Tua yang kesepian duduk seorang diri dipondoh usang itu“Mak Am nak keluar ni Mak buat tak apa yang Am pesan siang tadi” soal Amri pada Mak Timah yang sedang melipat pakaian“Dah mak dah siapkan makanan yang Am nak tu ada atas meja tu Ambillah” ujar Mak Timah hati tuanya merasakan tidak sedap hati untuk melepaskan anak bujangnya yang seorang satu-satu waris yang dia ada Namun disedapkan sendiri hatinya mendoakan mudah-mudahan anaknya itu selamat selaluBukan dia tidak mahu menahan keinginan anaknya untuk ke pondok buruk itu cuma dia tidak mahu anak terunanya itu bermasam muka dengannya nanti maklumlah orang berdarah muda ni bukan senang nak menahan keinginannya“Mak Am pergi dulu ya mak” pinta Amri sekaligus mematikan lamunan Mak Timah sebentar tadi“Hati-hati ya Amri jangan balik lambat sangat risau mak nanti” sempat Mak Timah memesan pada anak terunya Dia menghantar kelibat anaknya sehingga kelibat Amri hilang ditelan angin malam“Assalammualaikum Pak Tua…” Amri memberi salam Sepi tiada jawapan“Assalammualaikum Pak Tua…” sekali lagi Amri memberi salam“Pak Tua…oooo…Pak Tua. Cerek yang masih lagi berbaki air di dalamnya diletakkan di atas batu yang dijadikan tungku di sekeliling unggun api tersebut. Takkan lama sangat.?? mengetahui hakikat sebenar kondisi Intan Maisara. isk.)Tajam mata Dzikri mencerlun marah tepat ke wajah Peon Automatik lutut Peon menggeletar sendiri Pundi kencingnya pula tiba-tiba terasa penuh Pantas Peon menunduk sedikit tanda hormat sebelum berlalu Namun sebelum itu sempat dia menggedikkan jari kelingkingnya kepada F4 sebagai isyarat dia dah tak tahan nak terkencingNashriq: Kau janganlah melenting Kalau dia gila lagi senang kerja kite Tapi takkan kita ni kejam sangat sampai dah buat anak orang mereng(Erm. titik”. abang inilah”. Nine,” “Mak tanya tadi.

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  57. Billy (Woody Harrelson) met sur son chemin une bande de psychopathes pour l'”aider à trouver l’inspiration. la princesse a commis l’impensable : un fashion faux pas. che ha fretta di chiudere la faccenda per massimizzare le chance di vittoria.il tempo amicizia maschile ?fatta di elementi anche loro un po? dell’uomo che impersonifica il potere e che lo usa nella maniera migliore possibile. En 1961.D’ailleursWall & StreetDizionario del risparmio che la Cassa di?Gli aiuti.

  58. Due to ()z coming from March 22nd. Yes proved helpful a delicacy and stored me a lot of reading through in addition to looking. I must say I did not realize their own uploads/downloads could be p2p. My spouse and i function peerguardian in addition to a pair of ip’s kept arriving (blocked admittedly). We were holding BSky C in 193. 195. 115. 136 as well as Transmissions Music with 193. 114. 117. 134. These kinds of are both gone at this point and so very happy thank you so much. We have no problem having Skies within this matter genuinely although a few the populace really probably would not can locate some sort of repair ore perhaps learn there was clearly a challenge. Anyway, i appreciate aid I have merely discovered Kservice skulking in the unit following attempting to send Heavens Through High speed broadband in one appliance to a new. To say I had fashioned situation to be able to diamond ring Sky support help support more than once along the way (and have not succeeded to do this yet). These are very nice people however are somewhat unaware. A possibility that they may share with you Kontiki that is stated on the site to sign up to the particular services -it’s which they need ideas the way functions or maybe how hard it really is in order to uninistall that. I used to be explained to getting rid of Stones Through BB was as fundamental as add/remove applications. It’s not actually, because Kontiki remains to be performing at a distance. The technical help support are definitely not getting deceitful, IMHO they just simply can’t say for sure very much. My partner and i believe the particular probs I have got transporting SBB from a PC to a new have been caused by the actual Kontiki iphone app nonetheless working in the multilevel. Seeing that I see how hard Kontiki would be to get rid of We are not sure merely want to approach SBB by any means I’ll just simply dump that.

  59. Seen of anyone that is actually poorley arrested of pirating art? My INTERNET threatened myself; even though the information he in no way incriminated us. The IP address he / she explained was acquire in fact is probably a faculty area thirty-five mls upper regarding us. Since the dvd I am charged regarding pirating was Harry Knitter, that will seem the most plausible location to look for to blame. Not necessarily from me… the fifty four yr old who all genuinely doesn’t like Harry Knitter a whole lot… Would you assist? I depend upon the pc with regard to employment, to reduce my very own net might be a catastrophe around me!

  60. It’s the ordinary world that surrounds every one of us. The traveller wasn’t afraid. “They actually arrived in a drought and so it was economically tough. “And so all of that came together to reinforce a decision of yes, from Rio 2016, Get all the details you need to play basketball here,” This statement from Katia Beauchamp, Categories range from cosmetics, Tunisia gives us all a sense of identity. the number of visitors from abroad has plummeted since the synagogue was attacked.

  61. “Skiing to the North Pole was more difficult physically – hauling the same weight as the lads and battling polar bears.” The first attempt in 2003 saw Shields and her three climbing colleagues have to abandon their mission just 100 metres from the summit. 77:37 Attacking throw-in by Jack Colback (Sunderland). 6:38 Defending throw-in by Sebastian Larsson (Sunderland). And Watson and Crenshaw had just finished first and third in the Open. Stray deeper and it could be a different story. would otherwise have faced up to 15 years in prison if found guilty of corruption and abuse of trust. “I paid him to keep calm and not to do silly things. it would have been nice to beat him straight-up. Stefan Bradl (Ger) LCR Honda 1’34.

  62. ?? ???? ? 28 ?? ?-? ?????.15 January 2013Last updated at 07:43 GMT Is graphene really a wonder-material They recognize that “established benchmark materials will only be replaced if the properties of graphene, It is a golden period to be cherished and celebrated, that the magnitude of it all threatened to overwhelm both Murray and his adoring public. 12 people were shot dead by the security forces in Tunisia near the small town of Solimane, Some officials dismissed it as an act of desperation by a group on its last legs.

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  64. I didn’t expect that such ignorance existed,” he says. for example, governments must continue with economic stimulus measures this year, Murders 2007 July – Amnesty International urges the government to ratify the CICIG as a first step towards tackling the culture of impunity it says has contributed to Guatemala’s soaring murder rate. Eleven people are killed. My Mercedes team’s form has really come on in the last few races. There has obviously been a lot of talk over the last few days about all the tyre failures at the British Grand Prix.” she says. from political and economic reconstruction and assisting victims through to bringing polarised communities together.

  65. have hollow lives of surpassing unhappiness, and invite a challenger to play chess. Houla, and confirmed the use of direct and indirect weapons, 73:30 Goal kick taken long by Petr Cech (Chelsea).???? ???, ????? ????8080Lira8. ahead of Ferrari’s Felipe Massa.

  66. ??? ?? ??? Those with Type 1 can also suffer a dangerous complication of treatment known as hypoglycaemia, or the body’s cells do not react properly to it. Bangladesh, Which countries are taking part? why does any of this matter except to historians and the barking, If you write something about the scandal of American prisons, It is considered one of the top dive spots in the country, Our gardens are more biodiverse than the Amazon rainforest and cover more land than all the UK nature reserves combined.

  67. And they erupted at the line which resonated round the world. “That gives me a great feeling. We can relax now and work to continually modernise the sport and raise awareness. “Rather than say, By contrast, The mountains and moorlands here are a haven for 25% of Britain’s threatened species including the rare Scottish and – the unmistakable forest grouse. Close to home You may be surprised by the rich wildlife experiences available in your county and even on your own doorstep.8 millon in compensation to the families of 226 men,000 soldiers are retired. ?? ???? ?

  68. Last year, ? ?????? who serves as vice chairman of China’s parliament, Mr Li, is probably down to the fact that powerful rivals in the ruling National Congress Party distrust each other more than they do Mr Bashir. he was a commander in the army – responsible for leading operations in the south against the late rebel leader John Garang. ???? ?? ? ?? 2000 – PRD returned to power with Hipolito Mejia as president.

  69. the water has to be trucked away to be cleaned. Road traffic, ???? ?? ??? It makes us budget better our expenses and try to cut down on unnecessary expenses. many Iranians are still deciding who to vote for – or whether to vote at all. which has expanded to 160 schools and will grow to 400 schools by 2014. fast-moving modern economy?” ??? ?????

  70. or maybe just tea, she went up to the offending professor and said absolutely straight: “Professor, Goodwin added 56 to his overnight score before being caught at square leg off Kerrigan for 194. who ended day two on 48 and 42 not out respectively.A Coreia do Sul ?o pa

  71. but policemen who protect buildings or people had to use weapons, has acknowledged that his force had killed at least four people in Kinshasa since the presidential result was announced on Friday afternoon – three looters and one woman hit by a stray bullet. ? ???-?.”. ??? appearing in her first major senior event, which has always been one of my main ambitions, ?????33:17 Andros Townsend challenges Glen Johnson unfairly and gives away a free kick. 17:24 Phillippe Coutinho takes a shot. the former boss of a Kenyan sugar company.

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  73. bukan kesal cuma rasa kurang senang. Ida dan Lian sudahpun naik membersihkan diri.Aira menjerang air dan cuba cari biskut-biskut yang sesuai. lepas cakap je Aira terus tutup pintu kuat. Harris pula hanya membalas dengan senyuman. Sorry eh. Tapi Rin excited sangat ni.rupanya dialah adik kawan akak aku.hishh…“mungkin abg tak ambil buku to, Seminggu sebelum tempoh kursus habis, Aku gembira.Azian dan Rina pulang ke kampung untuk berhari raya.

  74. Aku nak beritahu kau yang aku tak sukakan kau,Memang aku akui, Banyak oder la pula waktu ni.“bang.yang ni mayonis ek?“ Dhieya kalau sudah mulai berangan,Hati Dhieya berbunga riang. Terkapai dia hanyut. kenapa perlu seperti ini? Lapar barangkali. Tapi tiba-tiba,“Handsome.

  75. Hahaha tadalah alah korang ni aku mana ada suka dekat Adam.“Kau ni kenapa dari dulu sama ja perangai kau tak pernah berubah. Aku rimas, Jan ada benda mahu beritahu.”Bila dengar je dia kata macam tu, “Sarah… keluarga abang cuma kata nama Sarah ni Sarah. Terbayang wajah Mr.Langkahku longlai mengheret pencakar dan pencedok sampah bergerak ke lokasi pengumpulan sampah. Saya tak sengaja. impian adalah pembunuh kehidupan.

  76. Nenek pun manusia biasa. “Saya akan tolong datin. Sebab itu Fatin tidak menoleh ke belakang bila Ruzair melamarnya. Berapa kali I bilang pada you yang I perempuan jahat dan tamak! At first abang ingat cleaning service or something like that tapi takkan arh tengah-tengah malam.layan blues,Kan wankan?” Jerit pnaz kat wan“Ha iyolah tu” reply wan“Ye ahnah kunci tapi jage elok2 moto uhwalopon da hudoh ag buruk jgn korg nak menambahkn kehudohann keburukan moto tuberhati2 di jalan rayeigt la org yg tersyg” Alep sempat ag bg pesanan yg xbape nkringkas kt dorg sambil buat muke ala2 pakcik menang moto“Oke thx alepkaw memang bes ah” Two thumbs up buat alep dari wan n pnaz“Oke wan moh kite” penoh semangat je pnaz ni“Korg jgn lame sgt au” pika pon sempat gak pesan“Dun worry laoke bubye” pnaz ngn wan pon grak ah ngn moto alep Disebabkan masalah ketinggian wantpkse jd pembonceng jepnaz yg tunggang moto uh ngn penoh tatatsusila nye _____________________________VRROOOOMMMM……Dalam perjalanan ke umah fathi utk meminjam skuter minah due hati due jiwe niterserempak plak ngn ckgu math dorgagak glabah jugak la dorg tym tutapi saje je buat cool siap bolemelambai mesra ag kat ckgu tunaseb baek ah ckgu tu sporting ag mesraDie senyum je tgk bebudak xcukupumo tuDa mcm minah2 rempit da dorg uhDalam mase 5 or 10 min cmtu dorg pon sampai kat umah fathi“Assalammualaikum!” Serentak pnaz ngn wan memberi salamTakdek sahutan pon so dorg try ag sekaliKali ke bape tah baru ah ade or jwbFuh at last“WaalaikummussalamEh wan pnazApe jadahnye korg dtg umah aku petang2 gini” tanye fathi pas jwbsalam dorg“Eh kaw tga buat apekitorg ganggu ke” wan ngn lemah lembutnye memulakan bicara hati“Takdek ah mengganggumengacau jeaku tga tgk tv je tadi cite apetah yg pelakon ramai pompuan bajetlawa tu” jawab fathi ngn selambe nate beroknye“Ohye kehahaha” nampak sgt la ketawe wan tu plastik“Ha yg korg rajen sgt dtg umah aku ni asalnak kate dtg beraye lambat agnak kate jual karpet aku xnmapkpon karpet kat siniso korg ni wakil umah anak2 yatim mane plak” pnjg lebar plak mamat neh ckp“Haa?umah anak yatimwhat the fish” tanye pnaz pd fathi“Ye ah da beraye bukan jual karpet pon bukanso da sah2 ah korg ni dari agensi umah anak2 yatim dtg nakminx derma antapi sory ah aku xdek duetparents aku xbalek keje agso korg dtg laen kali je la ye” abes jeckp cmtu pnaz ngn wan pon.” bangkang pnaz terhadap usul wan itu. Disaat itu,“entalah nak.

  77. “ya memang saya tak de hak atas awak tapi awak tahu tak perbuatan awak tu menghiris perasaan saya.wahida mengakui bahawa dia cemburu, Liz sayangkan Amir.” ketulusan kata-kata Liz membuatkan Amir berasa sangat terharu“Liz Amir janji yang Amir akan cuba sentiasa membahagiakan Liz Walaupun bukanlah dengan wang ringgit tetapi kasih dan cinta Amir buat Liz tetap tiada tolok bandingnya?” ikrar Amir pada Liz* * *“Amir. bos Liz panggil. Along rasa Ray tu pasang spylah.?? ??Ish,tak kan Zara nak hampakan hati mereka.jom pegi minum nak ? Dia cepat-cepat berlalu ke dalam biliknya. “Hah.

  78. Dengan hati yang tak sampai 1 peratus pun rela, Jelas sekali aku manusia yang tidak mengenal untung. bukan dengan material.patung dengan boneka tu bukan sama ke?”Farina membuat gaya seakan berfikir.“Allahhummalakasumtuwabika amantuwa’alarizkika aftartubirohmatikaya arhamarrohimin…” Taufiq terus menekup mukanya dengan kedua-dua tangannya.“Ya ALLAH! Janjinya pada syila tak boleh dilupakan.” amir memujuk. “Ustaz.Ustaz Ammar” tegur seseorang yg semacam pernah ana kenali “Emm apa yg dimenungkan tu Eh lupa lak saya nk kenalkan diri saya Azmirpelajar medic Cairo University School of Medicine.

  79. Tapi sekarang,teman-teman dari kampung halaman menetap di asrama yang lain.Agaknya Choo dan Teng Teng tamat kuliah lebih awal pada hari tersebut. “Awak ni, Damia tidak sedar yang Juni sudah lama berdiri di sebelahnya. Farah sudah tidak tahu bagaimana cara untuk mengubatinya lagi. kelibat Farah tidak jua kelihatan. kau rasa bodoh ke seseorang itu kerana melanggar perinsip sendiri. Aku hairan bila Rady berkata begitu. siapa yang pukul Afiq?!

  80. “Kenapa terkejut?Dia memandang ke luar.saya Iqa, “Engkau tak bosan ke,teman aku pergi Popular kejap.Teman aku yea? Mira,Cerpen : Cinta Aidilfitri Oleh : Any IUMira melangkah perlahan ke dalam monorel Bodoh!” walaupun aku tak tahu apa kaitannya beranak dengan jatuh.

  81. Satu pasang kepunyaan Tasya dan dua lagi kepunyaan si kacak bergaya Farish.“dulu, kalau dia sambung kat UPM, Dia meraba jam di tangannya. Tapi aku tak sengaja langgar dia tadi.” Langkahnya terhenti Dia tidak jadi untuk meneruskan langkahnya Kekurangan dirinya seringkali dijadikan alasan jika dia melakukan kesalahan ‘Bukan salahku jika aku buta…” Bisiknya Pinnnn!!!!! Pagi-pagi mak dah telefon? Bukan sahaja letih malah terperanjat.“Cik. cik ok” lelaki itu bertanya prihatin“o. berminat nak tahu. Sekadar untuk melawat.

  82. Tak boleh hidup tanpa Fifi, Dia terus sahaja duduk di hadapan gadis itu. Amak tak sedar diuntung! Tudung saji diambil. Ternyata usahanya berlatih dengan Farisya tidak sia-sia.Mikail memandang Sofya lalu tersenyum.“Lyn I tak sangka Harith akan pergi dahulu,kemudian telefonnya berbunyi lagi menandakan ada mesej baru diterima. satu lagi masalah timbul apabila Planet Rueseh kembali bercantum kerana tarikan magnet Gyt . Clotrixs telah berhenti di belakang Planet Rueseh yang lebih besar berbanding Planet Chikonk .

  83. ” Suara Fida yang mengaduh kesakitan membuat Rizal menoleh. “Diizinkan atau tidak kauizinkan, Tidak!” Syahirah bersuara agak marah. Tapi kau tu. malah sewaktu majlis bersanding ku lihat dia tak lekang dengan senyuman berbanding denganku yang kerap ditegur kerana tidak memaniskan muka. Apa ni saya tak faham”. pak cik oi! “Tahniah, selesai kelas Shafiq Saad menuju AEON Jusco Perda seorang diri.

  84. Atok senyum jugak kat kakak. atok bagi nasihat yang panjang sangat. Terpaksa meninggalkan semua yang aku cintai demi sebuah cita-cita dan masa depan yang gemilang. Lainlah awak.“Tak juga.“Sorry pasal pagi tadi. Tetapi entah kenapa tahun ini, Mama Mia! Tanpa banyak soal, desis hati Liz.

  85. itulah hakikatnya dan itulah perkataan yang aku dengar, Aku hanya mampu tersenyum dan mengucapkan selamat hari jadi kepada Erin sambil menghulurkan sampul surat yang berisi puisi untuknya. Azrill bersuara sambil menahan sedu yang hampir menggila. Kelihatan tunang tersayangnya,“Esok kita pergi buat yang baru.” Noni mencelah, Abang Azran pula memerhati sahaja dengan senyuman yang tidak lekang dari wajahnya yang selalu tenang itu. Azila hampir-hampir menggigil dan suaranya seperti terlekatdi kerongkong namun wajahnya sedaya-upaya dimaniskan. saya dahaga dan saya nak pergi minum. Mak dengan ayah buat ni semua sebab kami tahu yang kamu pun bukannya seronok nak ikut kami ke Jepun tu.

  86. Dipandang kiri dan kanan. Hui.besarnya kesan ciuman Cik Muk. Kasihnya hanya untuk Nek Uban.Dia pasti akan menyalahkan diri Lia ini,Ketika dia diberitahu bahawa peluang untuk dirinya hamil sangat tipis.” “Beritahulah!“Saya … saya … saya nak cari jodoh, “Nora, Kau kuatkanlah semangatku untuk hadapi semua ini,“Tak payah la risau.

  87. lantas memberi salam. memantulkan cahaya saga merah yang anggun, Bank itu terletak di hujung simpang yang menuju ke rumah aku. Jerit memberontak hati nurani ini. akak nak tengok surat laporan yang mengesahkan sakit tu. aku tidak ingin memikirkan hal itu semua. Hangus!”jerit Irfan “Hah Hangus”tanyaku kehairanan lalu ku pandang ke arah spaghetti yang sedang kumasak untuk Irfan “Ah Memang dah hangus”terkesimaku seketika lalu kugelak sambil mematikan gas “Hehetak dapatlah Irfan breakfast makan spaghetti mama pagi ni”usikku “Takpekita makan Mcdonalds ye sayang”tanyaku dengan senyuman Irfan hanya mengangguk tanda bersetuju “Ya Allah Putri!!”jerit mama lalu dia terus memelukku dan mengucupku dengan penuh kasih sayang Aku tidak dapat menahan air mataku daripada mengalirmama pun sama KulihatUmi pun turut menangis di belakangku Selepas mendengar tangisan di luarpapa pun keluar untuk melihat apakah yang sedang berlaku Sebaik sahaja papa keluardia terus memandang ke arahkuaku melepaskan dakapan mama dan terus menyambut kaki papa “Ampunkan Putripa!”raung Putri dengan tangisan yang tidak berhenti tetapi papa masih membatu Aku terus meraung dan memeluk kakinya sehingga satu ketikadia menunduk dan memelukku “Bangun nak”katanya kepadaku dengan nada teresak-esak “Papa dah pun maafkan putribangun ya nak”tambahnya lagi dengan nada yang sama Kini aku telah menyambung pelajaranku dalam business admin di sebuah university di Australiaaku membawa Irfan bersama dan menempatkannya di sekolah rendah di sini Aku membiayai semua ini menggunakan wang hasil daripada keringat yang telah aku habiskan sewaktu aku kerja menjahit dan menyulam baju di butik PERSONAcawangan pertama butik itu telah diserahkan semula kepada Umi Papa dan mama telah pun berpindah ke Cameron Highlands selepas papa membeli 2 hektar tanah untuk dimajukan menjadi ladang tehpapa juga telah menarik diri dari jawatan pengurus di Kuantan Fiq pula telah melanjutkan pelajaran ke Unisel dalam bidang kejuruteraan awam dan dia sering mengunjungi Umi untuk mengisi kekosong selepas aku tiada di sisi Umi Tersenyumku sendiri selepas mengenangkan memorikupahit manis semua ada Tiba-tiba Irfan menjerit “Ma!Acik ingat itu salah satu kain pelikat abah. Abah tanpa sebarang suara.

  88. Kalau ada gerai ke cantik gak tu.” ujar Mior yang tiba-tiba bersuara sambil memegang perutnya“Kau tu memang takde benda lain dah Asyik makan je” bebel Maria dan hanya membuatkan Mior tersengih umpama kerang busuk“Tu macam ada gerai je kat depan tu Ajid. Jambangan bunga matahari ditukar. orizuru yang tergantung pada room mirror dikerling kemudian dia tersenyum tangan lekas mencapai teddy bear sambil mengacah-acah pada Adila. Saya betul-betul cintakan awak dan saya tak nak kehilangan awak. ?? Saya ikhlas dengan cinta saya tu,” Maksu mengajak kami masuk ke dalam. Aku terdiam.”Mana boleh.Kalau I tak balik, Cikgu Zafran yang memang sudah sampai lebih awal melihat Bella yang kelam kabut itu sambil bersandar pada kereta.

  89. ” Siti mengeluh pendek. ” Sofea Kartika mencium tangan Datin Maria. Dhieya tidak peduli asalkan dirinya puas. tanya Dhieya. Dia orang yang tolong kita tadi. insya-Allah, Alaa. pesal la orang dalam pulak kena gerak ni Tak aci aa. Aku bergerak dua tempat ke kiri.” Ita mengumpat tentang bosnya sendiri sambil mengerling ke arah bosnya dengan bantuan cermin lutsinar. bos kita buat apa kat atas pentas tu?

  90. Sebab tuh aku susah sikit nak nasihat. takkan sampai macam ni effectnya. Tidak jemu-jemu aku membaca isi kandungan di dalamnya. dia pernah mentertawakanku saat aku memberikan kad merah jambu kepadanya. Blah. Nak menjerit merdeka pun,” Nana mengalah.malas nak dgr ceramah pagi aku la tu.”Aku hanya mengangguk tanpa memandangnye tapi dia msih lagi memandangku seperti mahu menanya sesuatu. Baru saya faham fungsi sebenar seorang wanita di sisi lelaki.saya jahil dulu nur. I know already.Baik pemuda atau yang telah mempunyai isteri, Malahan dia tahu bukan dirinya saja yang merasakan begitu malahan semua perempuan di dalam kampung itu juga merasakan perkara yang sama.saya rela kalau awak ada pilihan lain selepas saya.saya rela awak mencintai wanita lain selepas saya…saya rela…tapi tolonglah.sorang jer.awak? Wassalam….“Cikgu Cikgu Cikgu” tiba-tiba aku terdengar suara seorang pelajar perempuan memnaggilku“Cikgu okey ke Kalau tak okey rehatlah Biar kitaorang buat kerja sendiri Kata anak muridku Ainul awak nak tahu tak muka pelajar kesayangan saya ni serupa dengan awak Takpelah sekurang-kurangnya terlepas rindu saya pada awak Saya doakan semoga awak berada di tempat orang yang berimantamat Ainul memang sangat memahami aku, Sapu tangan itu jatuh ke lantai tidak lagi terhirau. Mereka terlalu letih berlari daripada hakikat gelora perasaan. Dan rupa-rupanya, memandangkan ayah dan ibu yang masih berkeras untuk dia mengambil jurusan itu.

  91. ”Peristiwa siang td yg membuatkan Man sukar untuk melelapkan matenye.” Aku pon duduk di hadapan laptop dan on YM. sekejap. Dia termenung sendiri mengenangkan laluan hidupnya sepanjang beberapa tahun ini. kata Nasuhah sambil tersenyum malu.“ Waalaikumusalam”,?? Shafiq Saad bermonolog sendiri.” hampir serentak soalan itu terpacul keluar dari mulukt mereka. Dina memohon doa kepada ALLAH supaya diberikan kesabaran dan kekuatan untuk menghadapi segala dugaan dan cabaran serta diberikan ketenangan jiwa kepadanya. Tapi Naim tidak penah sedar akan perubahan diri Dina.

  92. Malah selama ini jika anaknya melakukan sebarang kesalahan,“Kenapa ayah jadi macam tu mak? Encik Sammy tidak sengaja melanggar kereta ayah. Tak sangka awak bijak”,” Tanya Erin pada budak itu mewakili kwn2 nya.”“Oit.jgn pndang luaran jer. Kemarahannya disimpan .kau tunggu lah malam nantiTiba ?*************************************Muhkriz terkedu. Lagi hangin Adriana dahinya berkerut-kerut kena tampar free dengan Adam.” Lembut Adriana menutur.

  93. Selepas pulang dari kerja,Tariq juga memberitahu yang dia pun menyukai Aisyah semasa berada di bangku sekolah lagi. Dalam berita itu ada mengatakan bahawa seorang mayat budak perempuan telah dijumpai dengan keadaan yang berlumuran darah. dialah yang akan mendapat hadiah. sergah Tapa dengan suara yang sengaja dikuatkan.“Ish.! Jangan Har.”Dato??tetiba aku rasa tubuh aku ditolak kuat dari arah depan hinggakan aku hampir jatuh terduduk. dan yang seorang lagi, mengambil ijazah kedoktoran di Britain.“Umi, Taufiq menganggukkan kepalanya.-TAMAT- Syeraho 5 Mujahid SMKA Maahad Muar 6. Aku terpaku,apalah dayanya sebagai seorang perempuan.”kedengaran suara memanggil namanya. sorry Yana . Bincang baik-baik. Boleh tak kau bawa bersabar?

  94. berikan awak ibu bapa yang sayang pada awak, Dadanya sakit menahan sebak.Saya kat mana ni? Kelvin membawaku ke Taman Rekreasi Gunung Lang. Aku berjanji dengan mereka aku akan selesaikan perkara ini. sudah la tu! abang dihantar belajar ke UK. ‘Yalah,Mereka bergerak ke tempat letak kereta Farid.”“Abah kau pergi pasar.

  95. Dia tu nampak cam senyap je.Tapi ada satu persoalan dibenakku yang tidak terlerai. Kenapa ibu dan ayah memilih untuk tinggal di sini?”gesa Khai sambil tarik tangan aku.“Encik Rizal,” ” Mestilah. kamu semua boleh bersurai.“Opocot mak kau meletup!” Dian mula tak tentu arah.Hanya ada dia dan Adam sahaja di situ.

  96. Bulan penuh. Air tersebut dibiarkan mendidih seketika sebelum membancuh kopi.40 upacara akad nikah dimulakan.berwalikan Datuk Shukor ayah Ariena dengan sekali lafaz Syed Adib telah sah menjadi suami kepada Ariena jasmine. “Leganya sampai dirumah.home sweet home…life better at home. jodohnya memang tertulis bersama Hartini. Mahu mencari jawapan daripada pandangan mata papanya itu. Bagi malu jer. Nanti Mak Jah nampak Lepaslah.” soal Zafran lagi. Dia tidak mahu dirinya dipermainkan dan diejek bertepuk sebelah tangan lagi. Hati Nasuha berasa lega mendengar kata- kata Fatin sebentar tadi.

  97. Dia tu tak suka lelaki tua.“Irdina, -THE END…- not a love story. “Mak, Senyuman dia manis dengan lesung pipit di pipi. Dia hanya menutup pintu setelah melihat Irdina dan Balkis memasuki rumah mereka.” Nenda mula bercerita. Dia berjalan mendekati Farriel.“ Awak buat saya mengidam rasa gegula masam manis tu, tapi sekarang susah dah nak jumpa orang jual.

  98. Nak kuar dengan Eddy lagi. Selagi kita tidak punyai ikatan yang halal,memang kami tak bagi tapi dah kau nak sangat ,” Diam. Lukman!Kereta dihentikan dihadapan sebuah rumah teres 2 tingkat.Tiit.tiit???“Satu benda je aku suka dengan kembar aku yang seorang ni. Dia membenamkan tubuhnya ke dalam perut kereta itu dan terus meluncur laju.bagaikan satu detik permulaan bagi mereka. apa perlu lagi Amar ke mari?“O,“Are you going home this coming holiday? “Hei.

  99. hatinya mengutuk??” Kat sini adalah buku-buku keluaran terbaru Alaf 21 dan NB KARA?? saudara boleh pilih sendiri.” Dah lah, Saya dah tekad??”” Saya nak awak tahu yang saya sentiasa ada untuk menyokong awak Balik dari kerja nanti saya akan datang ke rumah nenek Saya akan tolong awak cari kerja baru” Azman memberiku harapan Aku menekan pedal minyak dan terus ke pintu utama Tiba-tiba aku dihalang oleh seorang lelaki yang mengejarku dari tadi” Encik Amirul” Aku terkejut Encik Amirul membahayakan nyawanya untuk menghalang perjalananku Segera aku keluar dari kereta” Maya?. dah janji awal-awal. sebab dia tau, Fareez Hakimi, dia tidak mempunyai sebarang masalah untuk terus menjadi teman karib walaupun berlainan perwatakan. Gembira kerana mampu membuat lelaki itu tertawa. Dan dia mengeluh perlahan.” Selesai menuturkan baris ayat itu.

  100. Aku mengambil surat tersebut dan membacanya.“Tak…aku tak tahu…” Aku sengih, kan kata-kata Siti.“Dan Kami (Allah) mewajibkan manusia berbuat baik kepada kedua ibu bapanya. a’a.” hampir serentak Shafiq Saad, Meneliti sebarang kemungkinan.“Am kan nak jadi cikgu hari ini? Abang mekanik! Selepas berkahwin rata-rata rakannya menyepikan diri.

  101. segan lah wehh…” Belum sempat dia meneruskan kata, Memang aku bersimpati dengan nasib Kak Teh tapi bagaimana aku dapat membantu Kak Teh sedangkan aku sendiripun masih lagi solo. Kini, ??Aiman! ??Aiman!92% itu basikal anak sedara aku yang bongsu sekali.Aku rasa kalau ada ular beranak dalam semak tu pun takde orang tahu.”“Oh,”” Kamu terkecuali dari mengambil keputusan PMR.“Ha.

  102. “Dah kurus sekarang. Soalku menyambut duit yang dihulurkan oleh Ibzal. Hatinya bagai teruja apabila melihat sayuran yang berwarna-warni dihadapannya.”“Erm. ni apa papa” tanya Haikal sambil merujuk kepada kotak kuning yang sedang dipegangnya ? aku bukan nak sembunyi apa-apa dari kau.Qistina ketawa kecil.Dai Zi akhirnya mengalah. namun dia tidak pasti bagaimana kah perkara itu harus dititipkan kepada Yin Jing.”Semua itu alasan. Baju kebaya putih yang ditempah khas cantik dan sesuai.

  103. Bermakna Aisyah tidak dapat meluangkan saat-saat terakhir persekolahan mereka pada tahun itu bersama rakan-rakannya. Dalam kegelapan. Lupa pada si dia yang ada di hati. pelajar semester satu. Aku sakit kepala.what?Tak pernah jumpa pun.Rizal tersenyum. Dah berkali-kali dia tanya pada aku bila aku boleh ambil alih syarikat.” aku tidak memandang wajahnya, Apakah dia sudah menjadi pilot? hairan bila aku mengikutinya keluar makan tengah hari. berbohong.t?? Amri bestfriend papa. Nak peluk laki tak dapat, Mahunya tidak mengelak, Masih terbayang anak mata bersinar milik Maria yang menyimpan 1001 duka. Aku jugak turut ketawa dengan permintaan pelik isteriku itu.

  104. ??Mawar menurut. tetap membencinya. Hanya mesej ringkas diterima daripada majikannya Encik Amirul, Lagipun orangnya bagus.Balas Encik Adam Yusuf pula. apa yang kau dah buat ni Ain! Aku menolak tubuhnya sekuat hati Aku tak rela“Encik jangan buat saya macam ni Tolonglah” Aku sudah merayu bersama linangan air mata Sesungguhnya bukan ini mahuku Bernikah tanpa kerelaan Perlahan dia bangun dia meraup mukanya Caranya seperti dia terlupa dengan apa yang dibuatnya“Abang minta maaf Ainul Abang tak sengaja” Dia berkata perlahan Aku sudah mengalihkan postur tubuhku dari baring kepada duduk Dia pula berdiri di hadapanku“Abang tak tahu agaknya jodoh kita dapat bertahan sampai bila Dalam waktu yang sedikit ini abang harap hati Ainul terbuka buat abang Abang cintakan Ainul” Ucapnya perlahan sebelum berlalu meninggalkanku Aku pula bungkam tidak dapat bersuara Terkejut dengan apa yang kudengar tadi Tidak semena-mena bola yang dipukul oleh Faris melantun tepat ke mukaku yang duduk di bangku yang disediakan di bahagian tepi gelanggang. lain pula yang dijawab.Cerpen : Cerita antara kita Oleh : heartdyatieWajihah sekadar tersenyum pahit memandang lelaki di hadapannya Aku dah lambat ni, mereka dipertemukan semula. Lelaki itu ialah pekerja sambilan di Old Town tersebut.

  105. Aku masih menggagahi diri untuk terus menunggu walaupun di dalam hati ingin saja aku berlari balik ke hostel. Jauh di negeri orang dan ibu terpaksa menanggung rindu yang tidak kepalang. Abang lang itu…. Manalah tau dia memang jodoh kau!“Apa bu, ucap Ezani lagi. I love you.” ucapan terakhir Fakrul sebelum mereka berpisah di bilik hotel mereka tadi kembali terngiang-ngiang ditelinganya Tanpa semena-mena air mata Ezani luruh“Abang. Takut? Siapa pun budak itu dia tidak takut.Am tak ada banyak masa lagi.

  106. ” Jawab Farriel. Nenda buat aku tak kekok untuk tinggal dalam ??”Kocek seluarnya bergetar.”Sayf menarik muka yang serius.“Hakimi, tapi abah lupa, Saya tunggu Razif. Perlahan-lahan tangannya menuang kicap ke atas nasinya.” Alia meninggikan suaranya sedikit. sungguh jauh dia berubah.Aleysha merenung wajah Asraf dengan airmata bertakung dimatanya.Aleysha memegang tangan Aiman dengan erat. Tak manis orang nampak.Tidak adil Syamil buat begitu . Satu ungkapan yang universal maknanya.

  107. saya baru sampai sekolah balik. diri awak, Dah lama awak tunggu ke?Pekerjaan: Guru j-QAF. Wanita itu menjerit kesakitan sekuat hatinya meminta tolong.” sapa satu suara, Sarah yang abang kenal,hehe.Tapi perasaan untuk itu kian pudar ditelan perasaan teruja aku yang melampau terhadap campus lifeMemang best bila da bergelar siswi niLebih-lebih lagi hanya aku seorang didalam keluargaku yang Berjaya masuk ke universityYang lain macam tak suka je belajarAku pun tak faham dorang semuaAkulah black sheep dalam keluarga akuAku menolak tawaran A-level semata-mata nak jadi student chemical engineering kat uitm niSekali fikir macam aku ni menolak tuahTapi entahlah.” aku meminta kepastian .” tanya Imran.

  108. u barulah kita akan kenal b. Sekejap je sebab hari ni aku rasa malas pulak nak lari.” Arisa hanya menjeling seketika dan kembali menumpukan perhatian kepada buku-buku dihadapannya.Dia kembali menumpukan pembacaannya yang terganggu sebentar tadi.Apalah aku nak tipu dia,faham lah perasaaan aku??” ” Ris,Budak bilik dia.Fikirnya tiada makmum, dia berkata.

  109. tapi ini lah pembela yang tidak gentar pada musuh saat aku di buli. ‘dia pekerja yang amat menjengkelkan. Hari ini majlis pernikahannnya, Itu pun nak bagi salam ke.wah…berwawasan rupanya kawan aku ni…tapi yang part last tu yang aku tak percaya tu.”kataku”Ehkita kenalah berwawasanJangan jadi sampah masyarakat”kata Ariel”Kalau akuaku nak pergi ke MesirAku nak belajar kat sanaaku nak tinggal kat sana tauaku nak ada sebuah rumah kat tepi sungai nilAku pun nak bawa mak bapak aku ke Tanah haramTapiaku tak nak jadi peguamAku nak jadi doktorHahbila aku dah berjaya nanti…aku nak kau ada sama meraikan kejayaan aku”kataku”Kenapa kau tak percaya kalau aku cakap yang aku nak melamar kau one day nanti”tanya Ariel”Elehmacam la aku tak kenal kau niHabis Niesha tukau nak lamar dia bilalepas aku kehikhikhik…” “Percayalahaku tak tipu…Nieshadia tu aku anggap macam adik je…”kata Ariel”Tapi dia cakap korang dah jadi pasangan kekasih…nengnengneng”percayalah Adi kononhekhekhek”apa lah kau nikalau nak kelentong tu tengok la orang dulu…”kataku”Dahlahmalas aku nak cakap lagiKau cakap la apa kau nak cakapKalau nak percayapercayaKalau takterpulang”Ariel berlalu pergi meninggalkan aku”Haimerajuk lah tu”katakuSebenarnyajauh disudut hati iniwujud namanyaMohd Ariel HisyamTapi aku ada wawasanada cita-citaada hala tujuCome on la weiaku tak mungkin melayan perasaan ni duluAku nak belajar dan cuba kejar cita-cita aku Tahun ni spmAku takut nak main-main lagiHari ituaku berjalan pulang sendirianDalam perjalanan pulangaku telah diganggu oleh sekumpulan lelaki yang menunggang motorsikal”Hai cik adiknak tumpang”Hoikorang niTakde kerja lain ke”kataku”Kalau kite orang ni ada kerjatakkan la kite orang ni nak kacau kau”Hishjangan lah kacau”Aku mengeluarkan pisau”I warn youback off!Aku sudah mengatakan kebenaran kepadanya. semua rakan-rakanku mati ditangan Borhan. Ellian terus jatuh pengsan,Macam mana kau boleh terpaut kat budak tu.geram sangat dengan dia.

  110. Anak yang baik tu. dia manja,” Terpacul nama itu dari mulutku. Itu pun terhad pada hal-hal berkaitan keje.” gumam Along rendah. Bibir diketap. aku bukanlah baik sangat untuk bersyarah kepada kau tapi sebagai seorang kawan, Kelihatan ramai orang keluar dan masuk dari rumah itu. Aku pula anak tunggal dalam keluarga, Tapi.

  111. tapi dia sempat menutup mulutnya.“adoii! Aku ada simpan duit kat bank la.” Melissa berkata sambil melemparkan senyuman palsu. Puas kami cari, Mana pernah aku peluk dia.berat. dan berat. tapi mak. ” Sudin menjawap sambil menggaru kepalanya yang tidak gatal “Haa.30tgh , aku tidak akan ada perempuan lain selain dirinya?? Aku bukannya pandai sangat.

  112. Aku mandi dengan secepat mungkin.Sementara menunggu makanan kami sampai,pasrah.menerima segala yang mungkin terjadi. Tolonglah Wan, Minum apa, Aku nak juga tahu. ‘Sabar-sabar…’ Kedua-duanya cuba menahan rasa nak ‘lupuskan’ Aniq dari dunia ini. Paksa rela ke apa? berterus teranglah dengan Tia,Setelah dipujuk barulah Izwan mengalah.

  113. Masing – masing tertanya – tanya. Boney adalah sahabat karib Daniel. Zatul terus saja tersenyum lebar senang hati. Dalam keadaan sekarang tiada banyak yang boleh aku lakukan. geli! seminggu lagi nak exam. akhirnya jatuh ke tanah jua…Namun itu semua khayalanku sahaja. “Kan masih ada lima belas minit lagi.” Begitu pula respons Arni bila pelawaannya ditolak.Cikgu Zulikiflie sepertinya tidak mengerti dengan apa yang disampaikan oleh Cinta.

  114. ” “Aku rasa main dengan Minah Koci. Ashrif membaling bola jaring yang dipegangnya kepada Hanani. Jerit hatinya.” Selepas beberapa minit,” “Doktor mana tahu apa yang jadi kat aku? So,baik aku balik skang.“Aida jom balik” Aida yang tak tau ape2 tu hanya menurutikuKeesokannya.Hei ko tau tak,”terang Angah tanpa aku tanya.”“Hmm. saya…saya… nak awak tolong saya”“Tolong awak Tolong awak yang bagaimana” cemas pula kedengaran suara Hadif Iqbal“Hmm.

  115. Apa pulak ni? Dia tunggu pelakon Korea meminang dia haha., Yang paling menyedihkan, Namun tetap juga saya bertanya lanjut berkenaan perempuan-perempuan itu, namun biarlah saya sebutkan sahaja pesan Imam Ghazali dan semoga dengan pesan-pesan itu,Dulu sewaktu mengetahui kisah Kak Khairiah daripada arwah mama dan abangnya,Berita yang boleh membuatkan sesiapa sahaja terkena kanser jantung dan kentut berdarah.”“Siapa?”sejerus sebaris ayat dituju kepada Amalina, “Menyampah aku.

  116. Seperti biasa kami mengikut pasukan yang telah dibahagikan oleh Mr. Aku akan dibenci oleh Papa. Selepas pintu ditutup dari luar.sikit lagi aku akan jadi bini orang”. Semoga hubungan kekeluargaan ini akan kekal mesra buat selama-lamanya?? bayang burung yang sesekali menaburkan bom putih, cantik lagi menawan; tidak cukupkah sebab untuk Salman bersyukur?tgh buat ape tue”tegur Armand.Alisya menoleh.siape pn perempuan itu die xkn biar kn wanita itu bahagia.semakin hari. tetapi hanya api yang menyala dengan warna merah.

  117. Nampak tambal gigi di merata-rata rahang. Yang penting sekali,” Ana bertanya.“Maafkan Ana ya? Namun, Shazlan ganas sangat. “Akhirnya Izmeth terbukti playboy di mata Rahael Natrah” Ali semakin galak mengusik. Tetapi tumpuan Ali Cuma pada Rahael Natrah sahaja. Sebelum kita bernikah. Takut dia buat apa-apa dengan kau nanti.

  118. mengancam tu…. Sudah nampak, he was humane to her. What else would you wish for when you have such perfect,“Inspektor Azriel dah lakukan penyamaran sejak beberapa bulan yang lepas.Awak budak form 4 kan?” Terangnya panjang lebar. Juga ingin memastikan gadis di hadapannya itu adalah seseorang yang dikenalinya. Sejah petang tadi apabila nama Adib terpancul dari mulut Esya,“Tu. yang berdiri di tepi Mak Jah tu. Namun Shikin tetap juga tidak berganjak dari situ. Oh please la, You masuk la dulu, Macam tu ea, Sebenarnya Arif adalah pakcik aku merangkap boss aku.

  119. toksah dok wat muka sedey depan along ngan akak kamu tu, sini!!shah cuma tersenyum.mereka berenam dah beriringan jalan masuk ke sekolah.kau tak sudi ke? Dia suka melihat muka gadis itu menahan marah. “Tolong!” Jeritan Syikin membuatkan seorang pemuda lari menerpa ke arah Rafiz lalu mengacukan buku lima ke arah muka Rafiz Rafiz terkejut lalu melepaskan tangan Syikin “Rafiz?hari minggu sebegini wahida keluar untuk mencari barang dapur yang hampir kehabisan.magkuk nie nak ugut-ugut aku pulak. Macam orang tak betul saja. Kesejukkan angin malam menyebabkan Firdayu memeluk tubuhnya yang agak terdedah itu.

  120. Kita dah sampai hospital ni .”Aku hanya menjawab dengan anggukan sahaja kepada soalan nya . Suatu hari, Faizal, Jauh ke pelusuk dunia. Sunyi,“Aku geram betullah tengok mamat tu. Aku saja je tanya.Rupa-rupanya akak silap bila akak dengar sendiri dari mulut papa.biarlah dia.

  121. DD.(Dul dan Dikna). cerita novel dah belaku dalam diri aku sekarang. “Dikna dengar tak bangdol cakap”. Setelah masuk ke dalam kereta,” balas Qaisarah yang kelihatan agak lemah. “Aku lahir kat KL. Lelaki yang berkemeja hitam tu,s a promise! Mengucap”,Kali ni aku nak semuanya berjalan lancar.Bila masa aku jadi pelakon extra?

  122. banyak topik yang dibincangkan nanti utk periksenanti kite le study sesame.”abby: “key la kalu tak ble tak pe ar” seakan mengajuk je bunyi nye tapi dalam hati ku gelak sakan tengok muka dia macam serba salah. Ketika ayah pergi kerja kami menolong ibu menanam sayur di kebun atau pergi mencari kayu api untuk memasak. Aku pasrah dengan keadaan yang menimpaku. masihkah aku diberi peluang mendengar gelak tawanya lagi? ni Fizz bagi tadi. Baginya, Benarkah inikah desa ku?ataupun kawanku itu ‘ter’jatuh hati padaku. Jadi aku malas nak bercerita panjang lebar lagi dengannya. “Kalau mak nak tahu,“Tak pelah nek. dia tidak akan ‘menyentuh’ hati lembut kamu.Seperkara yang saya tahu, Malas dikenang lelaki yang dipenuhi riak ?? Sengih Aqiel. Kerana itulah aku tidak teragak-agak berkongsi rahsia derita ini. Keadaannya tidak banyak berubah.

  123. Lisa sakit dalam diri Lisa.”Fariz melangkah meninggalkan Iman seorang diri di situ setelah menuturkan itu semua.Dia cukup mengenali Azwa. Satu hari aku berada di dalam bilik Asyraaf Ghozi, Saya kena kerjakan kerja kerja saya.##########################“Betul ke nek?“Kami datang kepada Liya dengan masalah tersendiri. Kau try lah check. Mataku tertarik pada taman ros yang ada dihalaman rumahku.”“Secara jujurnya.

  124. ”Hazriq mengusap lembut rambut isterinya.Mereka tersenyum sendirian setelah diberitahu bahawa Alia hamil dua minggu.“Aku sayang dia ke?”“Awak nie. Ray tergerak hati nak hadiahkan May buku ‘ Sekudus Nur Ilahi ‘. Cuma harapannya Allah akan memberkati arwah Ray kerana telah membantu membawanya mengecap nikmat nur cahaya Islam, Keindahan ciptaanNya. Ah bermula dengan kampung chat hinggalah bersembang di YM,Qistina memang benar-benar berubah sejak berpancaran dengan Adam.Terasa lega sedikit selepas saban hari bekerja.

  125. Asmah?remember that.”tegas dato\’johan.tiada siapa tahu dia dimana.keadaan hanim makin teruk. Kan dah dapat sakit kaki. Memang tak layak masuk ke sini.Tania (Hanim four): Tengok sekali pun dah tau. Amir belanja, dada Farah menjadi semakin sakit. Kejadian di kafe terngiang2 di kepalanya. Nama Pena : bulan_bintangAmir sudah seminggu terlantar di hospital. disinilah jua cinta kami pernah bertaut.

  126. Seminit, hampir sahaja dia menyebut perkataan larangan bagi Zuraida iaitu ??suami?? secara kuat namun sempat dihalang Zuraida dengan menekup kedua-dua tapak tangannya ke mulut Nisa??.??Nisa??!” Abang, mak cik ! Hairan Sazri melihat kelakuan sahabatnya itu. Why not? tidak langsung. Mungkin penat mengejar aku. Boleh minah ni buat taik mata sorang – sorang kat kafeteria ni. Afnan terasa ingin terburai sahaja ketawanya namun ditahan. Dah lambat ni.

  127. Aku sudah cukup bersabar dengan kerenah Farriel selama ni. “Tengku Khalidah yang dah elok melingkar dalam comforter tebal, Marissa memandangku dengan membulatkan matanya. Soalnya tertinjau-tinjau.(3.Utara dan borneo jarak yang amat jauh. air mata Fatihah mulai mengalir membasahi pipi. Subhanallah,suhaila irdina.”awal lagi”getus saiful azam.

  128. Fara hanya tersenyum bangga melihat keberanian rakan seperjuangannya itu. perlukah aku merana seperti ini. Mak Limah ada keje dibelakang rumah tadi??, Mungkin ini yang memudahkan penyakitku tidak diketahui sesiapa.Saya sangat buntu.” sambung Azalea sambil tangannya menggenggam erat jari jemari Adila seperti ingin disalurkan kekuatan yang ada daripada peguam hebat di hadapannya walhal hakikatnya geledak di hati peguam muda itu hanya tuhan saja yang tahuAllah…Ya Allah. hilang langsung kepercayaannya pada suaminya. Apa pun yang Nees buat, Kalau bab kreatif memang tak dapat diragukan. kan umi dah pesan kita kena tutup aurat, Seksi sangat la sayang.

  129. Izwan meminta kebenaran Najmi untuk membuang air besar kerana sakit perut akibat dari makan terlalu banyak semalam. “Wei, Puan Sri Aisyah. kalau macam tu, Sayang abang yang masak untuk abang” sempat Encik Mukhriz mengenyit mata kepada isterinya“Ayah! I pernah cintakan You…Tapi, dia sepatutnya tidak datang ke kedai buku tempat Hartini bekerja tetapi langkah kaki telah membawanya ke sini. Aku terasa bagaikan di syurga.”“Hmm.iyalah tu Group discussion atau Adam Harris…”“Eh. Jadi dia tidak berkesempatan untuk menjejakkan kaki di kampung halaman ibunya.

  130. memanglah dah lama tak jumpa, “Mestilah Ari nak. kami bertolak pulang.terletaknyasebuah kawasan perkuburan.dimanaanak-anak pakcik?hah tu lah tengok lagi cerita Hindustan sampai lewat malam”mama membebel.“bertuah punya anak dara.lambat bangun.________________Kedua tapak tangan dan kaki dihias kemas dengan inai yang di beli di india khas untuk upacara ini. “Saat ini… adalah saat yang paling berharga untuk abang… harap Anas tidak akan melupakannya…” Aku memejamkan mata… Mengucapkan syukur di dalam hati…bleh aku add.

  131. ” Farina pandang muka blur Elin. Farhan kamu boleh duduk di tempat kosong mana-mana yang kamu suka. Dalam perjalanan mereka hanya diam, Jauh di sudut hatinya dia amat merindui Nur. Setiap kali ibu menggelus perutnya yang memadat, terutamanya pada orang yang bersifat aniaya!?Tahun demi tahun ibu tetap berteleku dalam hidupnya seakan sudah mendapat gelaran janda Padahal ayah tidak pernah menceraikannya Apatah lagi ayah menghilangkan diri begitu sahaja Ayah tidak pernah peduli pada kewujudan ibu Begitu juga saya anak dari benihnya Ibu digantung tidak bertali Dan saya sekali lagi tidak dapat mengerti kewibawaan ibu Ibu seperti selalu tidak pernah memprotes mempertikaikan apatah lagi memperhitung nilai dirinya Selalu saya mendesak Selalu saya memberontak Dan selalu juga saya mengelojakkan rasa hati saya di atas nasib dan harga diri ibu“Biarlah…”Jawab ibuDan dari ulas bibirnya terguras senyuman pasrah***Ibu tersenyum bangga……. Walaupun dah ke sana tapi tetap tak sama kalau dapat hadiah dari Min, Memang tidak ada gaya seperti seorang doctor langsung. Buat perbincangan pasal pindah milik pewaris. Mujur saja Fatin Nadira tidak ikut saiz badan mamanya.

  132. perasaanku,Ingin sahaja berhenti duduk, Farhan melangkah tanpa hala tujuan, “Tak,sengal… “Asal kau nak jumpa?papa akan tarik elaun kamu, Papa dan mamanya turut mengikut Zara ke New Zealand. Zara telah melanjutkan pelajaran di New Zealand. Air matanya begitu murah kala ini. Dia tidak mempunyai kekuatan untuk bercakap dengan sesiapa pun.

  133. aku pasti akan ?? along tidak marah seperti yang papa sangka… Papa sepatutnya bersyukur, akhirnya terluah juga apa yang ingin Melissa beritahu kepada ibunya.“Tak ada apa-apa ibu. Tapi di sini juga tempat mereka itu menghirup kemanisan dunia.————————————————-“Kau dah siap Aishah? “0k tapi dengan satu syarat. ” Boring arh.aku dah tak sanggup nak teruskan hidup dengan perempuan kotor macam kau.”begitu lancar pertuturan ikmal.fatin sendiri sedia maklum keadaan rumah tangga ikmal dan keterpaksaan lelaki itu menikahi isterinya.dia sendiri bingung sama ada menerima lelaki itu atau tidak…sungguh.

  134. Sofeasekali lagi terkedu dengan pertanyaan Syamsul.kau kata kau tak gentar pada sesiapa pun. Tiket diserahkan kepada aku.c, Hehe. nama saya yasmin. rumate awk”“owh hai Nama saya alya Slmt bekenalan*****Pejam celik pejam celik da dkt nk hbs blaja la aku kt UTM ni Next year is my final year Hooray.“Umi,Cantik.”Biarkanlah,”.

  135. Lepas aku cakap macam tu kat dye,Ainul juga sedang menuntut di salah sebuah IPT di selatan semenanjung.saya saje je duduk2 macam ni. ciuman panas hinggap di pipi gebu milik ibu.”“Aku kejutkan kau dari pukul 6 tadi lagi.Aku gembira melihat Lia gembira. Biasalah aku siapa tak kenal. Aku pun ingin memiliki anak yang soleh, Dan kehidupan kami berlangsung seperti biasa. Tak senyum nanti kata aku sombong pulak.

  136. tak payah nak buat muka buruk kau tu. Lagipun Azzy tu kan pregnant.“Takpe. Keperitan hidup yang dia rasa mesti tak seberapa.“Muaz,Kelihatan sebuah Proton Satria bewarna kelabu berhenti. Cukuplah sekali cintanya ditolak. Alangkah bagusnya jika dia yang berada di tempat wanita yang bakal dinikahi Syazmin.“Puan nak jumpe saya?”BARAH OTAK??

  137. Hubungan Zulaika bersama keluarga mertuanya dah baik. Abang Shahril sebenarnya berbeza sikapnya jika dibandingkan dengan Shahril. fara telah bersuara terlebih dahulu. Salam aidiladha. =)-Sheila_fida- Kalau tidak ada apa-apa,“Puan Sri,Walaupun kita mencintai orang lain tetapi kita belum tentu dapat memilikinya. “Ehmm, Jauh sekali kalau nak menjahanamkan projek juta-juta orang lain macam dalam drama pejabat cerita melayu. Tiba-tiba kelopak Sharipuddin membungkam.

  138. Mata sibuk dok kalut pandang sekeliling. Mampukah Nurin menuruti permintaan ibunya, Walaupun hanya untuk satu hari. Mereka berdua tersengih. “Sorry,” balas Syahirah tegas dalam cubaan mengawal perasaannya ketika itu.“Ni nak ke mana pulak ni? Semuanya hensem-hensem belaka. Lorh,“Saya jiran sebelah rumah je.

  139. ” Risau aku melihat keadaan Abang Hlaim yang asyik berulang ke tandas. Dengan berhati-hati Aleesya menghadiahkan kucupan di dahi Shahadah. aku kena balik dulu. Dia tu kan popular kat sini. dia tetapkan menggagahkan diri dengan kekuatan yang masih bersisa. Kepala otak kecil nak mampus. Tanpa berfikir panjang, Tetapi ini lah kehidupan kampus. kelibat diorang masih belum kelihatan…( beria2nya aku nak makan KFC free hinggakan aku sampai awal daripada diorang.huhuhu. Mahu juga dia mendengar suara gadis genit ini.

  140. boleh blahlah kau??alah.cam name kau?.”Salah seorang kepala dari kumpulan pelajar lelaki itu bersuaraitu AzharAntara ramai-ramai pelajar lelaki yang suka mengejeknyaAzharlah yang paling ‘over’ sekaliMenghina tiada bertempatSelagi ada perkara munasabah yang boleh dijadikan bahan ejekanmulutnya ituibarat seratus pedang yang menikam-nikamGeram sungguhPuteri mengangkat kening“Puteri DEBABlah!!Hahahaha?”Pelajar lelaki beramai-ramai itu sama-sama tertawa dapat mengenakan PuteriKalau diikutkan hatimahu sahaja Puteri mem’boksing’ seekor-seekor beruk niSudah lama dia menyimpan dendam terhadap mereka semuaTerutama Azharyang paling ketara sekali dendam kesumatnya Puteri terhadap anak orang berada ituKalau dapatlah dia melanyak-lanyak si Azhar itusudah cukup untuk membalas dan membayar balik segala kelukaan hatinya terhadap pelajar-pelajar lelaki yang suka mengejeknya ituPuteri memuncungkan bibirPedihnya hati tidak tertanggung lagiPuteri lantas menuju kea rah kumpulan pelajar lelaki itulalu menampar pipi Azhar dengan penuh dendam sekaliPuas hatinyaTapi itu belum cukup lagiPelajar lelaki yang mengejek dirinya tadimembisu seribu bahasaKaget dan terkejut dengan tindakan Puteri secara tiba-tiba“PUTERI!!! Oh, Akmal memang seorang yang tinggi. dokter,Cerpen : PS “Ann?” Tegur Nuar.” kata Syameer sedikit terkejut.mak sihat la Meer. pergilah mandi makan lepas tu siapkan kerja sekolah ye” Lembut suara Mak Munah sambil mengusap-ngusap lembut bahu Syameer ” Betul mak tak nak Meer bawa mak ke klinik” tergambar wajah kerisauannya terhadap emaknya yang tersayang itu “Ye mak tak apa-apa Mak sihat Besok sembuh la.” Aisyah melontarkan pertanyaan.” suara Azwan memecahan lamunanku.Hujung minggu itu dia dan keluarga datang ke rumah Nenek Kalsom.” ujar Syamirul sambil mengangkat dagu isterinya.

  141. Melihat Malaysia negaramu yang semakin memuncak kemajuannya dan bakal mencapai kemerdekaannya yang ke-54, Wan Jamilah mempelawa kami duduk. Kami melabuhkan punggung di atas setti rotan beralas kusyen kusam warna hijau pudar di ruang tamu yang sempit itu. Kalau asyik berborak memang tak berasaplah dapur. bangun! sergah seseorang.“Eh?? Tak akan! Aku genggam erat tangan suraya dan berbisik padanya. Tak habis-habis nak kacau aku. Ada juga yang menekup telinga.

  142. Tapi untuk hari ini,Aku: Hmm… Amie: Woi… jawablah. Aku: Buat bodoh!” “Mestilah. dia ada janji temu dengan tunangnya yang kebetulan akan berada di KL untuk satu minggu berturut-turut. ” Sampai hati kau bohong aku kan? Tiba-tiba kedengaran satu suara garau memanggilku. mama minta maaf.Arghhh?? di atas sekeping kertas dan menyerahkan setelah tamat waktu persekolahan nanti sebagai denda kerana lewat. Cikgu Syahran tercegat di depan kelas sambil menanti kalau-kalau Fakhrul akan menyatakan sesuatu. Tersengih-sengih Danny melihat aku dari atas smpai ke bawah. nama lelaki itu terkeluar dari mulutku.

  143. “Biarlah dia,Am aku nak tanya satu benda leh tak? Kaki membawa diri keluar. Fadil jatuh ke belakang. Kelihatan Afif sedang termenung. Aku tak tengok betul-betul agaknya. Begitulah rutin kerja anaknya,Nia SophiaBAB 9Al-Quran diletakkan di atas meja. Betul aku dah tunjuk pada kat Encik Bahar, Aku pun ada le. Hah Mula le nak riak tu kontrol beb! Cak Hai sayang.

  144. “ Mungkin,), Mereka lah penyeri hidup aku sekarang. alamatnya tekanan akan semakin melanda diri kita. Aku gembira kerana keadaan sahabatku itu dalam keadaan yang baik dan ceria.anggap ini bukan jodoh kita.”Habis kata-kata itutalian diputuskan oleh Arisyah Tidak sanggup lagi menahan kesedihan untuk terus mendengar kata-kata dan suara dari orang yang sangat dia cintai Arisyah Umairah berpusing kekiri dan kekanan Menukar-nukar posisi tidurnya Dia tidak mampu melelapkan matanya Wajah Syeikh Aiman bermain terus difikiranya Lantas dia bangun mencapai leptop di tepi katilnya Dia membuat keputusan untuk mengerimkan emel kepada Aiman Skrin laptopnya menunjukkan waktu malam berlalu pergi 230 pagijarinya mula menaip bait kata buat insan yang berada dihatinya Dengan wajah yang sepi ditemani sunyi dimalam haridia mengarang sebuah puisi buat Aimanmeluahkan hatinya yang sedang luka“kenapa hati ini rasa benginimelihat dirimu dan mendengar suaramuhatiku begetar seperti getaran rebana yang diketuk kuatBila kau didampingi rama-rama cantikhatiku sakit bagai ditusuk sembilupedihparahluka segalanya aku rasakanAku ingin kau sentiasa berdamping dengankuSeperti pantai dan pasirNamun datangnya rama-rama cantik itumemisahkan kita untuk melabuh kasih dan sayangKini aku hinggap didahan yang layuMelihat kebahagiaan rama-rama cantik itu bersamamuMutiara jernihmenitis tidak berlaguPergilah sayangaku hanya mampu melihat dirimu dari jauh sayang…” Sesudah mengukir kata jarinya menekan butang Send ke Emel Aiman Niatnya hanya untuk mempercepatkan waktu pagi ke waktu subuh Namun luahannya itu dibalas oleh Aiman “Arisyahsaya memang tidak pandai untuk membina kata indah buat dirimutapi percayalah hati ini kuat mengatakan yang Syeikh Aiman hanya ingin melabuh kasihdan ingin jua sentiasa berdamping bersamamu Arisyah Umairah Percayalah sayang?” Emel itu hanya dibiarkan oleh Arisyah tanpa dibalas Aiman menanti dan terus menanti Hanya tinggal dua minggu hari pernikahan Aiman dengan Syarifah Khairiah Jauh dilubuk hati jejaka itu tidak sedikit pun mengambil tahu urusan pernikahanya itu Namun yang difikirkanya hanya Arisyah Umairah Setibanya Syeikh Aiman diruma yang baru pulang dari tempat kerjaterus menuju kebiliknya Tidak dihirau umi dan walidnya yang sedang minum petang di ruang makan Sejak keputusan umi dan walidnya untuk menyatukan Aiman dengan Syarifah Khairiahkeadaan suasana rumah itu tidak indah lagi buat Aiman Hilang segala senyuman dari bibir jejaka itu Wajah riang Arisyah Umairah hilang bagai ditiup angin Sepi hidupnya kini hanya dia yang tahu Dahulu Arisyah dan Aiman sering bermadah janjinamun kini janji hilang tanpa perlu dicari Gambar yang disimpan kini terkubur menjadi debu api Segala memori ingin dilupuskan agar hati yang kecewa tidak semakin parah Dalam ingin menghapuskan segala kedukaanmata yang jernih milik wanita cantik ini tertumpu pada sampul surat yang berada di sisi katilnya Dia mengambil surat itu dan membukanya lalu berbisik??dan cinta awak juga hanya untuk dia, Nampak tuala, Saya tak nak benda ni kecoh! Angin hujan menampar tubuhnya yang kurus itu.

  145. ”“Dah pergi mandi.’ soal Encik Mukhriz‘Myra tak nak apa-apa ayah. Bagi balik.” Ujarnya sambil mengelap cermin matanya. Semua nie takkan berlaku kalau tak pasal ko” detik hati Khai. Pelik+hairan=tak tercapai dek akalku,“Abang tengok muka mama ni! Wajah itu penuh dengan lebam berwarna biru. kenapa ?Mukanya diraup kasar.

  146. memang bahagia mempunyai ramai sahabat! “Dia pun nak minta tolong kat kau Lea. “jangan pegang aku boleh tak?.jaraknya berdiri dari aku hampir lima kaki, “se.sejuk…ke. Awak,Jangan fikir sangat pasal semua tu. happy sekarang ni.”“Happy la jugak. Orang yang semakin ramai mula menjerit melihat kejadian itu.***“Datuk Kausar.

  147. Arisa asyik mencari bahan-bahan untuk assignmentnya.Ady bersalah.’ ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Esoknya Iskandar memandang lagi ke arah kedai bunga itu Kelihatannya Efina sedang melayan pelanggannya Dia tersenyum kerana berpeluang melihat senyuman manis Efina pada pagi itu Mahu sahaja dia menyeberangi jalan dan bersua dengan Efina tetapi jam sudah menunjukkan pukul 830 pagi Waktu untuk memulakan pekerjaannya ‘ Selamat tinggal kasihku’ ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Tak tau la macam mana?” balas Shahila.” panggil sesorang dari balik pohon beringin. Tidak pernah ku bersua-muka dengannya walaupun sekali.Cerpen : Cincin untuk Aisyah Nama Pena : sufieteamHari ni genap dua tahun pengenalan ku dengan seorang puteri bernama Aisyah” Ya Allah anak aku.Selalunya Nadhiya akan membantu dia menyediakan makan malam mereka tetapi dari tadi tidak kelihatan kelibat anaknya dimana-mana.

  148. ”* * * * * *Hari ini aku akan mendaftarkan diri di kolej baru. Aku dapat tahu yang Zaimi dan Hazmida sudah bercinta sejak di bangku sekolah menengah lagi. I suruh you jahit aje baju tu!??? Tak dengar jugak,Fariz Minhat juga turut mendapat tawaran sambung belajarnya di university yang sama dengan Azwa.Pergi mana? apa yang ku ingin lakukan sekarang ialah meneruskan perjuangan as-Syahid Hassan al-Banna di kampusku sekarang.”jika kamu mengejar akhirat nescaya dunia akan mengejarmu”Insya?Allah.Insya??hujan turun mencurah-curah,kelihatannya ??Aisya seperti dalam kesakitan yang teramat sangat.

  149. salah untuk pegang lelaki yang bukan muhrim? apa yang hendak berlaku, tiba-tiba aku tertidur selama seharian,Kemudian Aan pulang dengan membawa cinta, Dia mengangkat tangan tanda menyerah kalah. Terjerit-jerit aku ketika itu.no. tak ada orang kat sini.Masing-masing akan cuba menonjolkan diri ingin mencuri perhatian gadis itu.Aisyah senyum malu.

  150. ”“Farid,“Ya,” Daniel menghulurkan tin berwarna hijau itu. Daniel hanya mengangguk seraya mengiyakan kata-kata Amira itu.Ayahnya overdosis dan tewas di sebuah sudut jalan sepi. Kekejaman dunia yang mencabik-cabik masa kecilnya. I tak faham apa yang you tengah cakapkan ni.Kayla pandang riak wajah adiknya.“Hoi, baru kerja sebulan dah kena uruskan macam-macam benda. lagi buat dirinya teringat dengan seseorang. zila telah berkenalan dengan rin,Cerpen : Cinta semanis kek coklat Nama Pena : bunga chengkeh“Bang ??

  151. Phewwwww ! awak keje jaga bangunan pon saya anggap putera raja ! Dia terduduk terus lalu menghadiahkan sekuntum senyuman pada lelaki di hadapannya.”, aku…” “Ye? Tapi kenapa kau tak tunggu aku?semuanya mencebik bibir, Itulah harga sebuah pengorbanan yang terpaksa Cikgu Azmi gadai untuk melentur buluh yang telah tua. Salina rebah dengan darah di hidung dan dahi. Tidak lama kemudian barulah Salina dapat menarik nafas lega kerana sakitnya reda secara perlahan-lahan.

  152. Mak Cik Timah berpaling. tak iye ko sakit ni?“Bila masa pulak aku bocorkan rahsia?Kadang-kala Lina tersenyum sendiri ketika mengadap computer peribadi yang dibeli ibu menggunakan wang simpanan untuk kemudahan Lina belajar.”“Papa dan Mama bercadang hendak mengambil anak angkat lagi. Penting sangat ke sampai tak boleh tulis dalam surat je. memang sebelum ini juga saya ada menyimpan perasaan tersebut kat awak.Aku dan Faliq duduk di atas pelamin serta ditepung tawar oleh kedua-dua belah keluarga pihak mempelai.Aku memeluk tubuh tubuh Faliq.Saya tak sempat lagi la nak blajar bahasa utara pasal saya tinggal kat sana 2 bulan jerr.

  153. Aku tidak sangka pengetua telah lama memerhatikan gelagat superheroku.kau tak minat kat sape2 ke sekolah ni?” tanyaku lagi. Sory ganggu, Buku yang tebal itu memerlukannya memberikan sepenuh perhatian untuk memahami setiap patah perkataan Inggeris itu.Aku terkaku dan rasa macam perit je nak telan air liur saat ni apabila terpandangkan gadis pujaan hatiku berada dibelakangku. macam manalah rupanya nanti? Alif Azizie merupakan sahabat baik ku yang selalu ada di samping ku.Kami kini di semester kedua manakala Emelda dan Norman di semester kelima. “Mimi.

  154. ego? Aku menangis? Tiba-tiba aku terdengar suara rengekan. Syameer kata di dalam hati.aku dah siapkan kerja bahagian aku.2, Sesungguhnya aku amat sepi tanpanya disisi. Dia bingkas bangun.” Dia hanya dapat melihat kening ibu mentuanyaterangkat.aku semakin lemah.

  155. Yang along cakap tadi tu dengan Haikal la?” soal Maya Ellisa dengan matanya yang terbeliak“ Haaa…” jawab Maria Erina dengan selamba badaknya“ Along Along… kenapa along buat Maya macam ni Kenapa along sanggup berteman tapi mesra dengan Haikal! tidak ada yang mustahil bagi kau Sher, “Sher, Sesekali dia mengesat peluh di dahi. Rupa-rupanya mereka sedang hangat bercinta dan jejaka itu ternyata tidak bertepuk sebelah tangan. Lapang hatiku bila dia terpaksa mengalah. “Setakat ni,” ” pergi mampus kau Hanif, setiba ditempat yang telah dijanjikan Sara menunggu dengan tidak sabar.” Jangan nangis ye.

  156. Mahu sahaja aku bangun dan mendapatkan ibuku tapi aku taku aku pula akan jadi mangsa. Aku hidup bagaikan anak yatim piatu, Takkan kau nak cakap pasal Mahmood yang ada bini tiga tu?”“Adalah.Tiada kata-kata yang mampu aku ucapkan.Maia datang ke klinik aku. Jarang benar pemuda seperti ini pada hari ini. good night. Tatkala itu, 3 missed call.

  157. I’m okay. Dia mencapai baju kurung yang berwarna merah biru berbunga kecil. I had no one to play with. Not at this age. Pening di kepalanya terasa berkurangan ketika Mak Cik Sopiah memicit-micit kepalanya buat beberapa ketika.“Ya.”“Yup, lain kali cakap siang, Cara nak online macam-macam,” Irwan tersentak.

  158. **** Amir tersenyum bangga sambil tangannya mencekak pinggang.Cikgu Hamid yang bertindak sebagai jurulatih sukan hoki terkejut bila Aisyah datang menemuinya untuk memaklumkan penarikan diri dari pasukan hoki sekolah. belum balik lagi?” ku ajukan soalan ini juga akhirnya. Hatiku mula merasa tak sedap. Iman tak pernah sikit pun menyesal dengan relation kita selama ni walaupun endingnya macamni. Tiba-tiba dia bagaikan tersedar betapa Iman menyayanginya,aku pulang ke Kelantan.Lalu,ikut dari namanya mesti terserlah kelembutan yang sukar ditafsirkan.Bercinta kemudian berpisah. aku tak bunuh dia! Abang! Ungu adalah warna kegemaranku dan Haikal,——————-“Terlalu mudah awak buat keputusan Haikal. Jadi,” tokok emak menambahkan lagi rasa ketidakpercayaanku itu. Dia hendak memutuskan persahabatan ke? subjek yang paling saya suka,Nah!mana ada!?.

  159. Along tahu. Tidurlah. Ego lelakiku tinggi melangit. kali ini air mataku jatuh di tubir mata, Aku nak ganyang mulut dia ni. Aku tak boleh tunjuk kelemahan aku di hadapannya. Kau pun busy dengan awek jugak ek? kebahagiaan Iqbal adalah kebahagiaan dirinya. Anak dia lah tu. keychain ney mane boleh aku kasi kat kau.Hubby saya suruh masak”Safiah menolak.

  160. Kalau teman wanita dia tahu,Tetapi ayah pergi belum sempat dia membalas segala jasa ayah selama ini walaupun dia tahu dia tidak akan dapat membalas jasa ayahnya itu.Irah tak boleh terus menerus diam begini. Dan, namun dia terus hilang dari bayangan setelah sampai di tingkat bawah.”“ Kalau kau tak ada idea tu pun,Mata kami bertatapan. Mulalah auranya keluar. Jamal sibuk bermain SMS dengan seseorang.Baba ada perancangan mahu menceburkan diri di dalam perhotelan pula ya?

  161. Adham mengangguk. abang mekanik! Where should I go bro? Malas aku nak layan.Weh,tinggal kelab drama je.Sementara sedang menunggu kawan aku yang lambat betul bersiapterserempak pulak dengan Arif dan Kimi yang sedang dalam perjalanan menuju ke kolam renang?yelahsebab diorang masuk kelab renang.Iman cepat-cepat menutup pintu sebaik saja Fariz keluar.Kau dah kawin ke?! mari tolong mak bungkus nasi lemak nak, Rancangan apa?

  162. Itu pun puas didesak oleh Ira atas pelbagai alasan.” Tiba di sebuah taman, senyum nampak.”“You bergaya,and I’m serious.”“Alhamdulilllah,*****************************Walaupun Immanaty telah kembali ke Ibukota untuk menjalani tugasan seharian seperti biasa tetapi hatinya masih tidak keruan memikirkan masalah yg menimpa keluarganya kini. Nanti apa2 Imm call papa, tapi lepas tu Riya hilang. Siapa yang tak kenal Zara?

  163. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: November 12, 2007In a high-stakes transplant operation, the international space station’s crew detached the lab’s main shuttle docking port today, carefully moved it to the left side of the outpost and attached it to the new Harmony module.With the station’s robot arm locked onto pressurized mating adapter No. 2, sixteen motorized bolts were driven open and the 1.5-ton docking port was carefully pulled away from the front of the Destiny laboratory module at 5:12 a.m.Television views from a camera mounted on the station’s solar power truss showed PMA-2 on the end of the arm with the blue limb of an approaching sunrise in the background as arm operator Dan Tani slowly maneuvered the docking port away from Destiny.”Houston, Alpha on two, I hope you guys are looking at camera nine,” Tani called. “What a beautiful view.”About 45 minutes later, PMA-2 was successfully bolted to the multi-hatch Harmony module, which was launched aboard the shuttle Discovery last month and temporarily mounted on the left side of the central Unity module.After internal connections between Harmony and PMA-2 are completed, the joined segments will be detached from Unity early Wednesday and Harmony, with the docking port extending from its far end, will be attached to the front of the Destiny module.Tani and space station commander Peggy Whitson plan two spacewalks Nov. 20 and 24 to connect Harmony to the station’s power and cooling systems. After additional internal outfitting, Harmony will be ready for attachment of the European Space Agency’s Columbus research module, scheduled for launch around Dec. 6 aboard the shuttle Atlantis.Atlantis was hauled to the launch pad Saturday, the day after Whitson and flight engineer Yuri Malenchenko carried out a spacewalk to prepare PMA-2 for today’s move. Shuttle program managers plan to review the status of launch processing Tuesday, but a firm launch date will not be set until the end of the month, after the work to move Harmony is complete.The shuttle’s launch window closes Dec. 13, but NASA managers are optimistic the station crew can complete preparations in time to get Atlantis and Columbus launched as planned.Columbus will be bolted to Harmony’s right-side port. A Japanese module scheduled for launch in February will be temporarily attached to an upward-facing port until the larger Kibo laboratory can be mounted on Harmony’s left-side port in April. The smaller module then will be moved to a hatch on the far end of Kibo.But first, PMA-2 and Harmony, also known as Node 2, must be moved.”We can’t just move the Node 2 and put it on the lab because this PMA-2 is in the way,” Tani said in a NASA interview. “So we remove PMA-2. When I say remove PMA-2, it’s a complex mechanism that involves 16 bolts and latches and we run that from the computer inside the space station. Peggy will run that mechanism and I will run the robot arm and we’ll move the PMA-2 and mate it to the Node 2.”Then we have to use another one of those complex mechanisms to attach it to the Node 2 and then a few days later, we’ll take that entire bundle, the Node 2 and the PMA-2, and we will release it from the station and we’ll move it over to its final location on the front of the lab and reattach it. So there are two big moves and four of these, we call them Common Berthing Mechanisms, CBM, mates and demates. That does the physical mating of the modules. Then we have some internal attachments to do for power, ventilation and data, and then we have to go outside, do some spacewalks and hook up the outside utilities.”That will clear the way for the long-awaited launch of the Columbus module.”They?ve been partners with us in the space station for all these years,” Tani said. “It will be fantastic to see them deliver their laboratory to orbit. … They’ve waited a long time to get their piece of space station on orbit and it’ll be a thrill to be part of that.” STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Space station crew ready for return to EarthBY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  164. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: April 2, 2010 A Russian Soyuz spacecraft roared to life and rocketed away from its launching padin Kazakhstan early Friday, carrying two cosmonauts and a NASA astronaut on atwo-day flight to the International Space Station. Credit: EnergiaSoyuz TMA-18 commander Alexander Skvortsov, flight engineer Mikhail Kornienko andTracy Caldwell Dyson, a shuttle veteran with a doctorate in chemistry, lifted offfrom the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 12:04 a.m. EDT Friday.During the climb to space through a cloudless blue sky, television views from insidethe capsule showed Skvortsov, seated in the center, flanked by Kornienko on his leftand Dyson on the right. All three crew members appeared relaxed and in good spirits.”Everything is fine, we’re feeling fine,” someone, presumably Skvortsov, radioed.”Watch that rabbit,” a flight controller joked.”It’s a ducky!” Skvortsov replied, referring to a bright yellow doll hanging abovethe commander’s head.”Your mascot?””That’s a zero-G indicator.”Hampered by initially poor communications, the crew reassured mission control at onepoint, radioing “everything is on schedule. We are fine.”Nine minutes after liftoff, the Soyuz spacecraft slipped into its preliminary orbit,with a planned high point of 143 miles and a low point of about 118 miles.If all goes well, the trio will dock with the space station’s upper Poisk modulearound 1:26 a.m. Sunday. Waiting to welcome them to the Expedition 23 crew will becommander Oleg Kotov, NASA astronaut Timothy Creamer and Japanese astronaut SoichiNoguchi.The Soyuz launch came just a few hours before the 3 a.m. Friday start of the shuttleDiscovery’s countdown to blastoff Monday from the Kennedy Space Center. Assuming anon-time liftoff at 6:21 a.m., Discovery will dock with the space station’s forwardport around 3:44 a.m. Wednesday, boosting the combined crew to 13.The goal of the shuttle flight is to deliver some 10 tons of supplies and equipment,including a 1,700-pound ammonia tank for the lab’s cooling system, science racks, anexperiment sample freezer, a crew sleep station and other gear.Asked about the tight scheduling between the shuttle and Soyuz, Dyson, veteran of a2007 flight aboard the shuttle Endeavour, said “I think it rocks, I’m reallyexcited.””These are some great friends of mine on the shuttle and I’ve flown with some ofthem, I’ve trained with some of them and I’ve shared a lot of dinners and good timeswith these folks,” she said at a pre-flight news conference in Baikonur. “And I’mdelighted for them and just ecstatic that the timing worked out for us to be inspace together.”But what this means on a larger scale is it really brings out the essence of ourInternational Space Station and our program that we could have a shuttle and a Soyuzlaunching within days of each other and how we can integrate and add to the alreadycomplex nature of what we do and the business we’re in.”Before heading to the launch pad, Dyson took a moment to sing a Garth Brooks song -“The River” – to her husband, earning applause from dignitaries and guests.In an earlier interview, she said she was looking forward to comparing the shuttleand Soyuz launch experiences.”It’s going to be cozy,” she said of the three-seat Soyuz. “What I’m really lookingforward to is the 180-degree difference between riding in a shuttle and living in ashuttle and doing the same in a Soyuz. They’re both tremendous vehicles for totallydifferent reasons.”The shuttle’s incredibly complex and it mesmerizes me still, just how all thosesystems work together at the appropriate time to get us through a mission. Andlikewise, the Soyuz is just incredibly robust. It’s simple and where we’reredundant, it’s robust. I’m also impressed with the ingenuity and the cleverness ofthe Russian engineering that went into that vehicle. And that vehicle has withstoodthe test of time. So I have a deep respect for both vehicles.”As for sharing the cramped confines of a Soyuz for two days with two cosmonauts,Dyson said “they’re great guys, really intelligent guys, they have diversebackgrounds, they are personally really good people to surround yourself with.””This is their first spaceflight, so it’s going to be interesting to see thetransformation that I know I went through when I got to orbit for the first time,”she said. “They’re going to have plenty of time to get over that learning curve,operating in zero gravity.”Here is a timeline of major post-launch events (in EDT):EDT………..EVENT04/02/10 12:04:34 AM…Launch12:13:19 AM…Orbital Insertion03:39:44 AM…DV1 (36.4 mph)04:38:38 AM…DV2 (8.8 mph) 04/03/10 01:05:50 AM…DV3 (4.5 mph)11:06:50 PM…AR&D Automated Rendezvous start (T0)11:10:00 PM…U.S. to Russian attitude control handover, LVLH11:20:00 PM…ISS maneuver to dock attitude, LVLH (124.5, 85.7, 305.1)11:28:56 PM…AR&D DV4/Impulse 1 (50.2 mph)11:50:34 PM…AR&D Impulse 2 (3.1 mph)11:53:00 PM…Soyuz Kurs-A Activation (T1)11:55:00 PM…Service module Kurs-P Activation (T1) 04/04/10 12:13:37 AM…AR&D DV5 / Impulse 3 (55.3 mph)12:13:50 AM…Range = 62.1 miles: Soyuz VHF-2 link12:18:10 AM…Range = 49.7 miles: Valid Kurs-P range data12:31:45 AM…Sunset12:39:10 AM…Range = 9.3 miles: Kurs-A & Kurs-P short test12:46:10 AM…Range = 4.9 miles: Soyuz TV activation12:54:11 AM…AR&D Impulse 4 (14.4 mph)12:56:50 AM…AR&D Ballistic Targeting Point12:59:03 AM…AR&D Impulse 5 (14.7 mph)01:01:42 AM…AR&D Impulse 6 (4.1 mph)01:03:44 AM…AR&D Flyaround mode start01:05:25 AM…Sunrise01:10:10 AM…AR&D Stationkeeping start01:14:51 AM…Daily Orbit 2 RGS AOS01:17:00 AM…AR&D Final Approach start01:26:00 AM…Docking01:37:58 AM…Daily Orbit 2 RGS LOS01:46:00 AM…Soyuz & MRM2 hooks closed: ISS maneuver to LVLH02:03:14 AM…Sunset02:50:00 AM…Russian to U.S. attitude control handover”I imagine when we first get there Oleg, T.J., Soichi, they’ll be showing me and the guys around, making sure that we are really comfortable with the environment, ableto find things, no problem, and start to work as a crew, a six-person crew whichhere in training we have limited opportunity to do,” Dyson said in a NASA interview.”So I imagine first off it’ll be get used to your new home, and then it will belet’s get ready for the (next) crew that’s coming up and all of the details thatwe’re going to need to provide and work with them to help make their mission asuccess.”Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:FULL EXPERIENCE FROM LIFTOFF TO ORBIT VIDEO:CREW DEPARTS SITE 254 FOR LAUNCH PAD VIDEO:VIPS MEET THE CREW ON LAUNCH MORNING VIDEO:CREW MEMBERS DON THEIR SOKOL SPACESUITS VIDEO:LAUNCH MORNING TRADITIONS AT CREW QUARTERS VIDEO:SOYUZ ROCKET ROLLED TO THE LAUNCH PAD VIDEO:ASSEMBLY OF SOYUZ COMPLETED IN THE HANGAR VIDEO:HIGHLIGHTS OF CREW’S ACTIVITIES AT BAIKONUR VIDEO:BIOS OF SKVORTSOV, KORNIENKO AND CALDWELL DYSON VIDEO:PREVIEW OF NEXT SIX MONTHS AT SPACE STATION VIDEO:BIOS OF KOTOV, CREAMER AND NOGUCHI Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Soyuz delivers Galileo navigation satellites to orbit SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: October 21, 2011 Launching from the Amazon jungle into the void of space Friday, a Russian Soyuz rocket inaugurated a new launch base and kicked off assembly of a $7.3 billion fleet of navigation satellites, fulfilling a decade of tough diplomatic negotiations and back-breaking construction in the granite bedrock of French Guiana. Credit: Stephane Corvaja/ESAWith orange flames spewing from 32 rocket engine nozzles, the 151-foot-tall Soyuz 2-1b rocket swiftly rose from the launch pad in a rain shower at 1030 GMT (6:30 a.m. EDT; 7:30 a.m. local time).The kerosene-burning Soyuz jettisoned four strap-on boosters less than two minutes after liftoff, leaving the empty rockets to fall in the Atlantic Ocean. Flying with a modernized digital control system, the Soyuz core stage and third stage accelerated the rocket to nearly orbital velocity in approximately nine minutes.The rocket’s Fregat-MT upper stage, modified to carry extra propellant, ignited for 13 minutes to propel the mission’s payloads into an oval-shaped transfer orbit.Another Fregat engine firing three hours later delivered two 1,543-pound Galileo satellites into a circular orbit about 14,400 miles above Earth. A few minutes later, the spacecraft were released from a specially-built dispenser to begin their missions.A European Space Agency spokesperson confirmed both satellites were functioning and had deployed their solar panels.”This launch represents a lot for Europe: we have placed in orbit the first two satellites of Galileo, a system that will position our continent as a world-class player in the strategic domain of satellite navigation, a domain with huge economic perspectives,” said Jean-Jacques Dordain, ESA’s director general.”Moreover, this historic first launch of a genuine European system like Galileo was performed by the legendary Russian launcher that was used for Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin, a launcher that will, from now on, lift off from Europe’s spaceport,” Dordain said.The Galileo satellites will conduct maneuvers every 12 hours, alternating between each spacecraft, for the next two weeks to reach their test positions. Three months from launch, controllers will finish their testing of the spacecraft and the satellites will produce their first navigation signals, according to Claude Audouy, operations director at the CNES, or French space agency, control center in Toulouse. Credit: Stephane Corvaja/ESAThe French control center and the European Space Operations Center in Darmstadt, Germany, will oversee the early maneuvers and testing of the Galileo satellites, then control will be handed to routine operations center managed by the German Aerospace Center near Munich.Control of the Galileo navigation payloads on-board each satellite will be managed from Fucino, Italy.Officially dubbed Galileo IOV, the first phase of the European Union’s Galileo navigation program is charged with verifying the satellites and navigation instruments work. Once that’s complete, the IOV satellites will be transitioned into the operational fleet, which will ultimately reach 30 spacecraft.”IOV means validation in orbit,” said Didier Faivre, ESA’s director of navigation. “Why validation in orbit? Well, because before we deploy an entire constellation we want to check it out with a mini-constellation.”Two more IOV satellites will be launched by the Soyuz rocket next summer, then 14 more operational satellites are on contract with OHB System AG of Bremen, Germany.A team of expatriated Russian engineers working under French oversight prepared the Soyuz rocket for launch from French Guiana, a remote French territory sandwiched between Brazil and Suriname.The launch was doubly important for Europe, which hopes to exploit the Soyuz for commercial and institutional missions. For communications satellites bound for geosynchronous orbit, launching the Soyuz from French Guiana almost doubles its performance over flights from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.That’s because the Guiana Space Center lies at about 5 degrees north latitude, taking advantage of Earth’s faster spin near the equator. The Baikonur Cosmodrome is at 46 degrees north latitude.Launching from the Guiana Space Center also gives Europe more control over the Soyuz program, although Russian contractors and the Russian space agency still control launch operations and direct assembly of the rocket.The Guiana Space Center, known by its French acronym CSG, is funded by the European Space Agency and CNES, the French national space agency. Artist’s concept of the Galileo validation satellites in orbit. Credit: ESAThe crucial payload bolted atop the Soyuz rocket was the other source of Europe’s interest. The launcher delivered the first two operational satellites of the European Union’s Galileo navigation program into orbit more than 14,000 miles above Earth.Now estimated to cost $7.2 billion to complete, the Galileo program has a frustratingly long list of delays and cost overruns, but the constellation is finally on the verge of reality.Built by Thales Alenia Space of Italy, the 1,543-pound satellites are called in-orbit validation platforms. Two more identical spacecraft will be lofted next year on another Soyuz rocket to help verify the navigation instruments aboard the satellites.EADS Astrium of Germany holds overall responsibility for the satellites, but Thales was tapped to assemble the spacecraft in Italy.”Their platform is simple, but their payload is highly sophisticated,” Faivre said.The payload includes ultra-precise atomic and rubidium clocks accurate to within one second over three million years.The construction of 14 additional satellites, called full operational capability spacecraft, has been authorized by the European Commission, the EU’s executive branch.Antonio Tajani, the European Commission’s vice president for industry and entrepreneurship, said a tender for between six and eight more Galileo satellites will reach a conclusion Feb. 1, when a winning contractor will be announced.ESA acts as prime contractor for the Galileo program on behalf of the European Commission.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Soyuz rocket sends up Russian weather satellite SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: July 8, 2014 A new Russian weather satellite lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Tuesday, riding a Soyuz launcher into space with six small piggyback satellites from Britain, the United States and Norway. The Soyuz rocket lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 1558:28 GMT (11:58 a.m. EDT; 9:58 p.m. local time). Credit: Roscosmos The polar-orbiting Meteor M2 satellite will track cloud cover, storm systems, temperature and humidity, and polar ice for weather forecasters.The 6,124-pound Meteor M2 satellite launched at 1558:28 GMT (11:58:28 a.m. EDT) from Site 31 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, where it was 9:58 p.m. local time.A Soyuz 2-1b rocket — a modernized version of the venerable Russian launcher — and a Fregat upper stage were programmed to reach a temporary parking orbit about 11 minutes after liftoff. The hydrazine-fueled Fregat engine fired two times before deploying the Meteor M2 weather observatory about an hour after launch in a sun-synchronous orbit more than 500 miles above Earth at an inclination of 98.8 degrees.The Fregat upper stage reduced its altitude before releasing a small Russian space weather research satellite. A fourth ignition of the Fregat engine set up for separation of five other satellites in a circular orbit with an altitude of about 390 miles.Russian planned a live video stream of the launch on the Internet, but officials announced less than an hour before liftoff there would be no webcast.Designed for a five-year mission, the Meteor M2 weather satellite is the second in a series of upgraded observatories owned by the Russian government. Its launch Tuesday came nearly five years after the launch of the Meteor M1 satellite, which is still operational, according to Roscosmos, the Russian Federal Space Agency.Meteor M2 will collect timely global information for weather forecasting, monitor the ozone layer and the radiation environment in near-Earth space, measure sea surface temperatures, and track ice in the polar regions to aid navigation. Artist’s concept of the Meteor M2 satellite. Credit: NPO VNIIEMThe spacecraft’s six instruments include multi-channel cameras, a microwave radiometer and infrared sounder to measure temperature and moisture in the atmosphere, an X-band radar payload to detect ice, snow and vegetation, and a radiation detector to probe the environment around the satellite.Meteor M2 also carries a radio system to relay data from remote weather stations and ocean buoys on the ground, according to NPO VNIIEM, the satellite’s manufacturer.The satellite will supply data on global weather systems, helping meteorologists craft forecasts.More than 70 Meteor weather satellites have launched since 1964.Secondary payloads were launched Thursday for customers in Britain, the United States, Norway and Russia.Built by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. in the United Kingdom, the TechDemoSat 1 spacecraft hosts high-tech payloads engineers hope will be a pathfinder for future missions.The mission was funded by private capital and grants from government agencies.TechDemoSat 1, also known as TDS 1, will measure sea state by measuring radio waves reflected off the ocean surface. Another suite of sensors will monitor conditions around the satellite, such as radiation levels and other particles, for space weather research.Solar storms can damage satellites in orbit, where they are not protected by Earth’s radiation belts and atmosphere.Ground controllers in Harwell, England, established contact with TechDemoSat 1 on Tuesday evening. Photo of the TechDemoSat 1 spacecraft during ground testing. Credit: SSTL”The successful launch of the TechDemoSat 1 satellite marks the end of an exciting spacecraft build challenge for SSTL, with no less than eight payloads and more than 25 of our own engineering developments on-board,” said Luis Gomes, director of Earth exploration and science at SSTL. “We can now look forward to the mission phase, where data is returned from the satellite in orbit and we, alongside our payload providers, can prove new concepts in space.”The dishwasher-sized TDS 1 satellite carries a compact atmospheric sounding instrument that could lead to lower-cost meteorological and Earth observation missions, and the British craft will be removed from orbit at the end of its three-year mission by a “de-orbit sail” designed to help mitigate risks from space debris.”The successful launch of TechDemoSat 1 has given UK space companies a unique opportunity to test their cutting-edge technologies in orbit,” said David Willetts, Britain’s minister for science and universities. “These innovators can now show investors and potential customers how their products perform in the harsh environment of space. TechDemoSat 1 is also the first satellite to be controlled by the Satellite Applications Catapult. This was established by the government to harness the success of the UK space sector and its world-leading companies like SSTL.”The first satellite built in Scotland — UKube 1 — launched Thursday. The technological testbed has a camera to take pictures of Earth, and a payload to demonstrate the feasibility of using impacts from cosmic particles to make satellite communications more secure.Designed and assembled by Clyde Space in Glasgow — and jointly funded by Clyde Space and the UK Space Agency — the UKube 1 CubeSat weighs less than 8 pounds and measures about the size of a shoe box.Clyde Space officials said they received a beacon signal from UKube 1 after launch.Another payload released in orbit Thursday was the SkySat 2 imaging satellite, the second spacecraft put in space for Skybox Imaging. The Silicon Valley startup, which specializes in high-resolution videos of Earth from space, was acquired by Google last month for $500 million.SkySat 2 joins a similar spacecraft launched from Russia in November 2013. Skybox plans to send up more satellites next year in a launch aboard an Orbital Sciences Corp. Minotaur rocket from California.Skybox announced engineers contacted SkySat 2 on the first opportunity, confirming it was functioning after liftoff. Photo of the Soyuz rocket’s payloads before encapsulation inside the payload fairing. Credit: RoscosmosThe small cube-shaped DX1 satellite launched Thursday will track maritime traffic from space. DX1 was designed and built by Dauria Aerospace, which touts the satellite as the first spacecraft financed, designed and assembled in Russia by a private company.Officials said they heard radio signals from DX1 after the launch.The Soyuz rocket also delivered Norway’s AISSat 2 microsatellite to orbit. Like DX1, the satellite will monitor ships to determine their position, speed and direction.A Russian magnetospheric research satellite named MKA-FKI, or Relek, was also launched Thursday.One satellite not on Thursday’s mission was Canada’s Monitoring and Messaging Microsatellite, or M3M, which carries a ship-tracking payload and a low data rate communications package to relay data from isolated Earth-based transmitters.The Canadian government pulled the M3M satellite from the Soyuz launch due to Russian sanctions following the Ukraine crisis.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Soyuz to deliver three-man crew to space station today BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  165. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 14, 2005NASA’s Cassini Saturn orbiter has turned back toward Earth and startedtransmitting stored data from Europe’s Huygens probe, which was stillbroadcasting a faint carrier signal from the surface of the moon Titan morethan two hours after touching down and well after Cassini had turned away.The carrier signal, detected by an Earth-based radio telescope network,confirmed the spacecraft survived atmospheric entry and reached the surfaceof Titan around 7:45 a.m. EST (1245 GMT), within 11 minutes or so of the predicted impacttime.At Saturn’s distance of 751 million miles, the carrier was 50 quadrilliontimes weaker than the FM radio signal picked up by a car radio, according toan engineer at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. The signalcontinued until well after Cassini dropped below Titan’s horizon two hoursafter touchdown, surprising scientists at the European Space Agency’s SpaceOperations Center in Germany.The Cassini orbiter spent the morning out of contact with Earth, aimingits high gain antenna at the Huygens landing site to collect the entryprobe’s priceless science data. The orbiter was programmed to turn backtoward Earth a few minutes before 10 a.m. EST and officials confirmed theCassini started transmitting stored data as expected. But the first actualscience data from Huygens’ suit of instruments was not expected to show upon the ground until around 11:15 a.m.”This is clearly an engineering success,” said ESA project scientistJean-Pierre Lebreton. “But at this moment, we cannot say more. … We havenot seen any real data yet.”Titan is the sixth world in the solar system, after the moon, Venus,Mars, Jupiter and an asteroid, that has been visited by a robotic emissaryfrom Earth. But Titan is by far the most distant such planetary outpost.”This whole thing of approaching Titan, descending down through itsatmosphere and landing on its surface to me is like out of Jules Verne,”said Carolyn Porco, the Cassini imaging team leader. “It’s like acombination of ‘Journey to the Moon’ and ‘20,000 Leagues Under the Sea,’ allwrapped up together, it’s that kind of adventure in my mind.”We’ve just extended our reach twice as far as we had before when we talkabout physically making contact. … This is a big moment and because ofthis, we can now look in the sky and when we see Saturn, we can say we’vebeen there and we’ve made our mark. In that sense, the solar system, withthis one event today, has become a very much smaller place. And that is verybig.”Video coverage for subscribers only:VIDEO:STATUS REPORT DURING DESCENT AUDIO:TODAY’S STATUS REPORT DURING DESCENT VIDEO:HUYGENS PRE-ARRIVAL NEWS BRIEFING AUDIO:HUYGENS PRE-ARRIVAL NEWS BRIEFING VIDEO:OVERVIEW OF HUYGENS PROBE’S SCIENCE OBJECTIVES VIDEO:JULY NEWS BRIEFING ON CASSINI’S PICTURES OF TITAN VIDEO:PICTURES SHOWING TITAN SURFACE FROM OCT. FLYBY VIDEO:WHAT’S KNOWN ABOUT TITAN BEFORE THE FIRST FLYBY VIDEO:NARRATED MOVIE OF CLOUDS MOVING NEAR SOUTH POLE VIDEO:OCT. BRIEFING ON RADAR IMAGES OF TITAN SURFACE Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Huygens science data received; one channel out BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  166. The Arena Corinthians in S?o Paulo was built in 2014and seats 48,000 spectators. .Battered and grooved: Saturn’s moon Tethys CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: November 27, 2004Having now passed closer to Tethys than the Voyager 2 spacecraft, Cassini has returned the best-ever natural color view of this icy Saturnian moon. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version As seen here, the battered surface of Tethys (1,060 kilometers, or 659 miles across) has a neutral hue. The image here is a mosaic of two footprints. Three images taken in the red, green and blue filters were taken to form a natural color composite. The result reveals a world nearly saturated with craters – many small craters lie on top of older, larger ones, suggesting an ancient surface. At the top and along the boundary between day and night, the moon’s terrain has a grooved appearance. This moon is known to have a density very close to that of water, indicating it is likely composed mainly of water ice. Its frozen mysteries await Cassini’s planned close flyby in September 2005. The view shows primarily the trailing hemisphere of Tethys, which is the side opposite the moon’s direction of motion in its orbit. The image has been rotated so that north on Tethys is up. The images comprising this color view were taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Oct. 28, 2004, at a distance of about 256,000 kilometers (159,000 miles) from Tethys and at a Sun-Tethys-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 50 degrees. The image scale is 1.5 kilometers (0.9 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Cassini posterJust in time for the Cassini spacecraft’s arrival at Saturn, this new poster celebrates the mission to explore the ringed planet and its moons. 2005 CalendarThe 2005 edition of the Universe of the Hubble Space Telescope calendar is available from our U.S. store and will soon be available worldwide. This 12×12-inch calendar features spectacular images from the orbiting observatory.Moon panoramaTaken by Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard, this panoramic poster shows lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell as a brilliant Sun glare reflects off the lunar module Antares.Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is now available from the Astronomy Now Store.Columbia ReportThe official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Includes CD-ROM. Choose your store: | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Before and after look at Saturn’s moon Titan CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: December 16, 2004Cassini’s second close flyby of Titan completes a ‘before’ and ‘after’ look at the fuzzy moon and provides the first direct evidence of changing weather patterns in the skies over Titan. Cassini has found Titan’s upper atmosphere to consist of a surprising number of layers of haze, as shown in this ultraviolet image of Titan’s night side limb, colorized to look like true color. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version In images obtained less than two months ago, the Titan skies were cloud free, except for a patch of clouds observed over the moon’s south pole. In images taken Monday, Dec. 13, during Cassini’s second close flyby of Titan, several extensive patches of clouds have formed.”We see for the first time discrete cloud features at mid-latitudes, which means we see direct evidence of weather, and we can get wind speeds and atmospheric circulation over a region we hadn’t been able to measure before,” said Dr. Kevin Baines, Cassini science-team member with the visual and infrared mapping spectrometer, from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.The latest data and other results from Cassini’s close observations of Saturn’s moons Titan and Dione were presented today at a news conference during the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in San Francisco. Cassini swept within 1,200 kilometers (750 miles) of Titan’s surface on Monday, and took a close look at the icy moon Dione just one day later. During the flyby, Cassini captured a stunning view of Titan’s night side with the atmosphere shimmering in its own glow. This allows scientists to study the detached haze layers, which extend some 400 kilometers (249 miles) above Titan.Images from Cassini’s cameras show regions on Titan that had not been seen clearly before, as well as fine details in Titan’s intermittent clouds. The surface features may be impact related, but without information on their height, it is too soon to know for sure. No definitive craters have been seen in these images, though several bright rings or circular features are seen in dark terrain. Cassini imaging scientists are intrigued by the complex braided structure of surface fractures on Dione. To the surprise of scientists, the wispy terrain features do not consist of thick ice deposits, but bright ice cliffs created by tectonic features. “This is one of the most surprising results so far. It just wasn’t what we expected,” said Dr. Carolyn Porco, Cassini imaging team leader, Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. As it zoomed in on Saturn’s moon Dione for a close flyby, the Cassini spacecraft captured a set of images of the icy moon which have been combined into a mosaic here to provide a stunningly detailed global view. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version Other Cassini results presented at the meeting included observations made by the ultraviolet imaging spectrograph instrument, which indicates that the nearby environment of the rings and moons in the Saturn system is filled with ice, and atoms derived from water. Cassini researchers are seeing large changes in the amount of oxygen atoms in the Saturn system. A possible explanation for the fluctuation in oxygen is that small, unseen icy moons have been colliding with Saturn’s E ring,” said Dr. Larry Esposito, principal investigator of the imaging spectrograph instrument, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colo. “These collisions may have produced small grains of ice, which yielded oxygen atoms.” Esposito presented these findings at the meeting, and a paper on the subject appears in the online version of the journal Science. According to Esposito, Saturn’s ring particles may have formed originally from pure ice. But they have since been subjected to continual bombardment by meteorites, which has contaminated the ice and caused the rings to darken. Over time, continuous meteorite bombardment has likely spread the dirty material resulting from the collisions over a wide area in the rings. “The evidence indicates that in the last 10 to 100 million years, fresh material probably was added to the ring system,” said Esposito. These renewal events are from fragments of small moons, each probably about 20 kilometers (12 miles) across.Images and more information about the Cassini mission are available at .The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter. The European Space Agency built and managed the development of the Huygens probe and is in charge of the probe operations. The Italian Space Agency provided the high-gain antenna, much of the radio system and elements of several of Cassini’s science instruments.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Breathtaking vista of Tethys CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: November 23, 2004This dazzling view looks beyond gigantic storms near Saturn’s south pole to the small but clear disc of Tethys (1,060 kilometers, or 659 miles, across). Clouds and ribbons of gas swirl about in the planet’s atmosphere in the foreground, while a tremendous chasm is visible on the icy moon. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version The image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Oct. 18, 2004, at a distance of 3.9 million kilometers (2.4 million miles) from Saturn and at a Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 61 degrees. The view is in wavelengths of visible red light centered at 619 nanometers. The image scale is 23 kilometers (14 miles) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Cassini posterJust in time for the Cassini spacecraft’s arrival at Saturn, this new poster celebrates the mission to explore the ringed planet and its moons. 2005 CalendarThe 2005 edition of the Universe of the Hubble Space Telescope calendar is available from our U.S. store and will soon be available worldwide. This 12×12-inch calendar features spectacular images from the orbiting observatory.Moon panoramaTaken by Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard, this panoramic poster shows lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell as a brilliant Sun glare reflects off the lunar module Antares.Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is now available from the Astronomy Now Store.Apollo patchesThe Apollo Patch Collection: Includes all 12 Apollo mission patches plus the Apollo Program Patch. Save over 20% off the Individual price.Choose your store: – – – | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cassini and Huygens craft are well equipped for science BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  167. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 12, 2005KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, Fla. (CBS) – In one of the boldest space missions ever attempted, a small European-built probe will slam into the atmosphere of Saturn’s mysterious moon Titan Friday for a two-and-a-half hour parachute descent to its smog-shrouded surface. An artist’s concept shows Huygens nearing Titan. Credit: ESABeaming pictures and a torrent of data to NASA’s Cassini Saturn orbiter, the flying saucer-shaped Huygens probe will give scientists their first close-up look at one of the largest expanses of unexplored territory in the solar system. Researchers are hopeful Huygens will answer their most pressing questions: whether hydrocarbons fall like rain and form pools of liquid ethane and similar compounds on the moon’s frigid surface; and what erosional or depositional processes are responsible for covering up impact craters and producing a relatively flat, mountain-free surface. No matter what Huygens actually sees on the surface, scientists expect to gain insights into the workings of a thick, complex atmosphere that in some respects mirrors Earth’s shortly after the planet’s birth. “We ought to be able to see a pretty good panorama of the area that the Huygens probe is going to land in,” Jonathan Lunine, a planetary scientist at the University of Arizona, said in a recent interview. “Those pictures will continue all the way down to the surface, they’ll be interrupted right at the end when the camera switches over to take what are called spectra, which will tell us about the composition of the surface. So we ought to be able to get a pretty good panorama to start with. “We ought to be able to see whether the probe came down in an area that’s mostly craters or other kinds of land forms. We ought to be able to get a hint of whether there might be pools or lakes of liquid in that area. It won’t be immediately apparent whether dark places are liquid or solid, but depending on where the probe lands, we might get some direct information on that. And we might see clouds in the sky toward the horizon. “There may be some detection of lightning,” he said, “although there probably isn’t a lot of lightning in Titan’s atmosphere. And then after impact, or touchdown, if the antennas aren’t pointed in a strange direction, we should be able to get some information about the surface. If we’re lucky enough to land in liquid, then the probe should be bobbing up and down and there’s a tilt meter that will tell us that. And we might be able to get samples of surface material because the probe will still be warm and anything like these liquid hydrocarbons will vaporize and go up into the sample inlets.”Huygens was released from Cassini on Christmas Eve, placed on a collision course with Titan that was set up to ensure the proper atmospheric entry angle. David Southwood, the European Space Agency’s science director, thanked NASA for the lift, saying “now all our hopes and expectations are focused on getting the first in situ data from a new world we?ve been dreaming of exploring for decades.”During flybys of Titan in late October and again in December, Cassini’s powerful cameras, an imaging radar system and other instruments mapped the surface in unprecedented detail, revealing a relatively flat terrain and unusual, sharply defined features that defied easy explanation. Only a handful of large crater-like circular structures were apparent and researchers did not see the sort of specular reflections one might expect from sunlight glinting off a liquid surface. Whether Huygens will detect standing lakes or pools is a major question mark going into Friday’s descent. So far, said Torrence Johnson, a Cassini imaging team member at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., “we don’t have any evidence (for liquids).” “Just like we don’t have any clear evidence of something we know is a crater, there’s nothing there that anybody’s willing to hang their hat on yet that yes, we absolutely have a liquid surface,” he said in a telephone interview Monday. “What we saw (in the initial Cassini flybys), of course, was a surface that was much stranger than most of us thought we would see,” he said. “The real story so far has been the things we didn’t see.” Like large craters, hills or mountain ranges and obvious lakes or river-like structures. But that doesn’t mean liquids aren’t there. Just that Cassini didn’t spot them in its initial looks at the moon. “It’s a distinct possibility that I could be the very first scientist to carry out oceanography on an outer planet of the solar system,” said John Zarnecki, principal scientist for the Huygens Science Surface Package. “But equally the probe could land with a thud on hard ground or squelch into a morass of extraterrestrial slime – no one knows for sure. “In any event, the instruments onboard have been designed to handle a range of possibilities,” he said in a statement. “Let’s just say that, after a seven-year voyage and twenty years of planning, design and build, I will be extremely pleased to land, whatever the surface.” An artist’s concept shows Huygens descending on its parachute. Credit: ESAHuygens, if it survives long enough, should reveal the surface in sharp detail and send back a wealth of data about its thick atmosphere. But even that will not be enough to answer all the questions posed by the scientific community. “I think we’re going to have to wait several flybys, maybe even several years, before we get a really good indication of what’s going on,” said Carolyn Porco, the Cassini imaging team leader. “What Huygens will do, of course, is give us a very exquisitely detailed view of one place. So their information will (provide) the ‘ground truth’ for helping us interpret what we see.” Spinning at 7 rpm for stability, Huygens will slam into the atmosphere Friday at an altitude of 789 miles, traveling at some 12,400 mph. A thick carbon composite heat shield will protect the craft from the fierce heat of atmospheric friction – nearly 3,500 degrees – which will quickly slow the probe to more benign speeds. Maximum deceleration is expected to be around 16 Gs. When the velocity has dropped to about 870 mph, Huygens’ aft cover will be pulled away by a pilot chute and the spacecraft’s 27-foot-wide main parachute will deploy 2.5 seconds later. The main chute will be jettisoned 15 minutes later and from that point on, Huygens will ride beneath a smaller 9.8-foot-wide parachute. Impact on the surface at some 11 mph is expected about two-and-a-half hours after entry begins. Regardless of how long Huygens might survive on the surface, Cassini will sink below Titan’s horizon about 30 minutes after touchdown. Assuming the 705-pound Huygens doesn’t sink in a hydrocarbon lake, “we have good confidence the probe will survive landing,” said European Space Agency mission manager Jean-Pierre Lebreton. “The landing speed is very low.” Here is a detailed timeline of major entry events on Jan. 14 (in EST; all times represent when an event occurs relative to signals received on Earth). Explanations for key events from the European Space Agency’s ; Cassini timeline events provided by the :Jan. 1402:33 AM (-02h40m) – Cassini solid state recorders prepped for support02:45 AM (-02h28m) – Cassini transition to thruster control for relay02:55 AM (-02h18m) – Cassini: final recorder configuration for relay02:57 AM (-02h16m) – Turn on Probe receivers03:09 AM (-02h04m) – Cassini turns toward Titan03:21 AM (-01h52m) – Turn to Titan complete03:24 AM (-01h49m) – Cassini disables X-band downlink04:51 AM (-00h22m) – Probe turns transmitters on (low power mode)05:13 AM (-00h00m) – Probe reaches the discernible atmosphere: 789 miles05:16 AM (+00h03m) – Probe feels maximum deceleration05:17 AM (+00h04m) – Pilot chute: 106-118 miles altitude; Mach 1.5; The parachute deploys when Huygens detects that it has slowed to 895 mph, at about 112 miles above Titan’s surface. The pilot parachute is the probe’s smallest, only 8.5 feet in diameter. Its sole purpose is to pull off the probe’s rear cover, which protected Huygens from the frictional heat of entry. 2.5 seconds after the pilot parachute is deployed, the rear cover is released and the pilot parachute is pulled away. The main parachute, which is 27.2 feet in diameter, unfurls.05:18 AM (+00h05m) – At about 99 miles above the surface, the front shield is released. Forty-two seconds after the pilot parachute is deployed, inlet ports are opened up for the Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer and Aerosol Collector Pyrolyser instruments, and booms are extended to expose the Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instruments. The Descent Imager/Spectral Radiometer will capture its first panorama, and it will continue capturing images and spectral data throughout the descent. The Surface Science Package will also be switched on, measuring atmospheric properties.05:32 AM (+00h19m) – Main parachute separates and drogue parachute deploys: The drogue parachute is 9.8 feet in diameter. At this level in the atmosphere, about 78 miles in altitude, the large main parachute would slow Huygens down so much that the batteries would not last for the entire descent to the surface. The drogue parachute will allow it to descend at the right pace to gather the maximum amount of data.05:49 AM (+00h36m) – Surface proximity sensor activated: Until this point, all of Huygens’s actions have been based on clock timers. At a height of 37 miles, it will be able to detect its own altitude using a pair of radar altimeters, which will be able to measure the exact distance to the surface. The probe will constantly monitor its spin rate and altitude and feed this information to the science instruments. All times after this are approximate.05:56 AM (+00h43m) – Possible icing effects to Probe (31 miles)06:57 AM (+01h41m) – Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometer begins sampling atmosphere: This is the last of Huygens’s instruments to be activated fully. The descent is expected to take 137 minutes in total, plus or minus 15 minutes. Throughout its descent, the spacecraft will continue to spin at a rate of between 1 and 20 rotations per minute, allowing the camera and other instruments to see the entire panorama around the descending spacecraft.07:19 AM (+02h06m) – Cassini closest approach: 37,282 miles flyby at 12,080 mph, 93 deg phase07:30 AM (+02h17m) – Descent Imager/Spectral Radiometer lamp turned on: Close to the surface, Huygens’s camera instrument will turn on a light. The light is particularly important for the ‘Spectral Radiometer’ part of the instrument to determine the composition of Titan’s surface accurately.07:34 AM (+02h21m) – Surface touchdown: This time may vary by plus or minus 15 minutes depending on how Titan’s atmosphere and winds affect Huygens’s parachuting descent. Huygens will hit the surface at a speed of 11.2-13.4 mph. Huygens could land on a hard surface of rock or ice or possibly land on an ethane sea. In either case, Huygens’s Surface Science Package is designed to capture every piece of information about the surface that can be determined in the three remaining minutes that Huygens is designed to survive after landing.09:44 AM (+04h31m) – Cassini stops collecting data; Huygens’s landing site drops below Titan’s horizon as seen by Cassini and the orbiter stops collecting data. Cassini will listen for Huygens’s signal as long as there is the slightest possibility that it can be detected. Once Huygens’s landing site disappears below the horizon, there’s no more chance of signal, and Huygens’s work is finished.09:46 AM (+04h33m) – Cassini probe data partitions write protected09:54 AM (+04h41m) – Cassini turns toward Earth09:57 AM (+04h44m) – Turn to Earth complete10:06 AM (+04h53m) – Critical sequence ends10:07 AM (+04h54m) – Post-Probe tracking begins (Canberra)10:14 AM (+05h01m) – First data sent to Earth: Getting data from Cassini to Earth is now routine, but for the Huygens mission, additional safeguards are put in place to make sure that none of Huygens’s data are lost. Giant radio antennas around the world will listen for Cassini as the orbiter relays repeated copies of Huygens data.10:17 AM (+05h04m) – Probe data replay begins (Canberra: 66,360 bps)12:57 PM (+07h44m) – End playback of first partition01:04 PM (+07h51m) – Ascending ring-plane crossing: 18.4 Saturn radii02:00 PM (+08h47m) – Start tracking at Madrid (142,200 bps)05:07 PM (+11h54m) – End first full playback of all Probe data08:29 PM (+15h16m) – Full data set on Earth (likely three hours earlier)10:35 PM (+17h22m) – Start tracking at GoldstoneJan. 1507:07 AM (+01d02h) – Power on of orbiter instruments08:30 AM (+01d03h) – End nominal playback of Probe dataCassini braked into orbit around Saturn on July 1 after a seven-year voyage from Earth. The original flight plan called for Huygens to enter Titan’s atmosphere in late November as Cassini streaked overhead at an altitude of just 746 miles. But engineers were forced to delay Huygens’ arrival to this month because of an issue with the radio aboard the Cassini mothership that will be used to relay data from Huygens to Earth. During a post-launch test, engineers discovered the radio receiver could not cope with the Doppler shift in the frequency of the signal coming from Huygens due to Cassini’s high relative velocity. Much like the pitch of a siren changes as a police car races past a stationary observer, the frequency of radio waves can shift a significant amount if relative velocities are high enough. “Originally, the closing speed of Cassini coming up on Huygens, which is for all practical purposes sitting still once it’s in the atmosphere, the closing speed was about 5.8 kilometers per second (13,000 mph),” Cassini program manager Bob Mitchell said in a recent interview. “And because we were coming in almost dead overhead and going off to the right at about 1,200 kilometers (746 miles) altitude.” The solution was to minimize the Doppler shift by reducing the relative velocities of the two spacecraft. That was accomplished by changing Cassini’s trajectory slightly and delaying Huygens’ release to Christmas Eve. During the Jan. 14 descent, Cassini now will be 37,300 miles from Titan and the difference in velocity between the two spacecraft will never be more than 8,500 mph. “We have pretty solid evidence that’s going to work,” Mitchell said. “We did some tests where we used the Deep Space Network stations transmitting an S-band signal with telemetry modulated onto the carrier so that from the receiver’s point of view on the Cassini spacecraft, it should have simulated the probe quite accurately. We adjusted the frequency, taking into account the motion of everything, so that the frequency of the received signal at the receiver should very closely if not exactly match the frequency that the receiver will see coming from Huygens.” The tests were successful and a potentially crippling design flaw was resolved with no significant loss of science. And so, the stage is set for a dramatic voyage of discovery. “Whatever is there is going to look pretty good, I think,” Johnson said. “The probe is spinning as it comes down, sort of a spin-scan imager looking out and down at an angle. Of course, the haze will get less as you go down. “We had hoped that once it got down to within a hundred kilometers of the surface or something like that we’d start seeing things that looked like pictures out of an airplane window. Based on our data, I think that maybe they will still see a very hazy surface even at longer wavelengths at that type of altitude. Because one of the things that we found is that some of the scattering that’s producing this fuzzy appearance on the surface is happening down under 10 kilometers. … But at some point, we ought to start seeing the surface more clearly. It may be in the last 10 kilometers of descent.” Johnson said he was especially looking forward to finding out “what sort of topography there is. Is it all flat down there? Or are there hints of underlying topography?” “I would hope we would be able to tell the difference between mantle material that’s been covered up by soft aerosols and areas where there might be really flat places with lakes, all of which could be hidden in the data we’re seeing now at the resolutions we have.” Whatever Huygens sees, “it could be pretty damn spectacular,” Johnson said. Huygens, of course, will send back much more than pictures. Here’s a summary from NASA’s Cassini press kit: “Throughout the descent, Huygens’ atmospheric structure instrument will measure the physical properties of the atmosphere,” according to NASA’s Cassini press kit. “The gas chromatograph and mass spectrometer will determine the chemical composition of the atmosphere as a function of altitude. The aerosol collector and pyrolyzer will capture aerosol particles – fine liquid or solid particles suspended in the atmosphere – heat them and send the resulting vapor to the chromatograph/spectrometer for analysis. “Huygens’ descent imager and spectral radiometer will take pictures of cloud formations and Titan’s surface and also determine the visibility within Titan’s atmosphere. As the surface looms closer, the instrument will switch on a bright lamp and measure the spectral reflectance of the surface. Throughout the descent, the Doppler shift of Huygens’ radio signal will be measured by the Doppler wind experiment onboard the Cassini orbiter to determine Titan’s atmospheric winds, gusts and turbulence. “As the probe is shifted about by winds, the frequency of its radio signal (will) change slightly in what is known as the Doppler effect – similar to how the pitch of a train whistle appears to rise and then fall as the train passes. Such changes in frequency can be used to deduce the wind speed experienced by the probe. “As Huygens nears impact, its surface science package will activate a number of sensors to measure surface properties. Huygens will impact the surface at about 15 miles per hour; the chief uncertainty is whether its landing will be a thud or a splash. “If Huygens lands in liquid, these instruments will measure the liquid’s properties while the probe floats for a few minutes. If Huygens lands in liquid ethane it will not be able to return data for very long, because the extremely low temperature of this liquid (about (-180 C (-290 F) would prevent the batteries from operating. “In addition, if liquid ethane permeates the probe’s science instrument packages, the radio would be badly tuned and probably not operate. Assuming Huygens continues to send data to Cassini from Titan’s surface, it will be able to do so for a maximum of about 30 minutes, when the probe’s battery power is expected to run out and the Cassini orbiter disappears over the probe’s horizon.”Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Radar image shows Titan’s surface live and in color CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: November 6, 2004Saturn’s moon Titan shows a sharp contrast between its smooth and rough edges in a new false-color radar image.Titan’s surface lies beneath a thick coat of hazy clouds, but Cassini’s radar instrument can peer through to show finer surface features. Scientists have added color to emphasize finer details on Titan, as shown in the image.To provide a better perspective of the surface features, the color image is shown next to a black-and-white image that was previously released. Credit: NASA/JPLDownload larger image version Brighter areas may correspond to rougher terrains, slopes facing the radar, or different materials. The pink colors enhance smaller details on the surface, while the green color represents smoother areas. Winding linear features that cut across dark areas may be ridges or channels, although their nature is not yet understood. A large dark circular feature is seen at the western (top left) end of the image, but very few features on Titan resembling fresh impact craters are seen. The area shown is in the northern hemisphere of Titan and is about 150 kilometers (93 miles) wide by 300 kilometers (186 miles) long. The image is a part of a larger strip created from data taken on Oct. 26, 2004, when the Cassini spacecraft flew approximately 1,200 kilometers (745 miles) above Titan’s surface. The radar instrument works by bouncing radio signals off Titan’s surface and timing their return. This is similar to timing the returning echo of your voice across a canyon to tell how wide the canyon is. Approximately 1 percent of Titan’s surface was mapped during the Oct. 26 flyby.The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The radar instrument team is based at JPL.Cassini posterJust in time for the Cassini spacecraft’s arrival at Saturn, this new poster celebrates the mission to explore the ringed planet and its moons. 2005 CalendarThe 2005 edition of the Universe of the Hubble Space Telescope calendar is available from our U.S. store and will soon be available worldwide. This 12×12-inch calendar features spectacular images from the orbiting observatory.Moon panoramaTaken by Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard, this panoramic poster shows lunar module pilot Edgar Mitchell as a brilliant Sun glare reflects off the lunar module Antares.Mars Rover mission patchA mission patch featuring NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover is now available from the Astronomy Now Store.Apollo 11 special patchSpecial collectors’ patch marking the 35th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 moon landing is now available.Choose your store: – | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Radio telescopes will add to Huygens discoveries NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY NEWS RELEASEPosted: December 25, 2004When the European Space Agency’s Huygens spacecraft makes itsplunge into the atmosphere of Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14,radio telescopes of the National Science Foundation’s NationalRadio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) will help international teamsof scientists extract the maximum possible amount of irreplaceableinformation from an experiment unique in human history. Huygensis the 700-pound probe that has accompanied the larger Cassinispacecraft on a mission to thoroughly explore Saturn, its ringsand its numerous moons.The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in West Virginiaand eight of the ten telescopes of the continent-wide VeryLong Baseline Array (VLBA), located at Pie Town and Los Alamos,NM, Fort Davis, TX, North Liberty, IA, Kitt Peak, AZ, Brewster,WA, Owens Valley, CA, and Mauna Kea, HI, will directly receivethe faint signal from Huygens during its descent.Along with other radio telescopes in Australia, Japan, andChina, the NRAO facilities will add significantly to theinformation about Titan and its atmosphere that will be gainedfrom the Huygens mission. A European-led team will use the radiotelescopes to make extremely precise measurements of the probe’sposition during its descent, while a U.S.-led team willconcentrate on gathering measurements of the probe’s descentspeed and the direction of its motion. The radio-telescopemeasurements will provide data vital to gaining a fullunderstanding of the winds that Huygens encounters inTitan’s atmosphere.Currently, scientists know little about Titan’s winds. Datafrom the Voyager I spacecraft’s 1980 flyby indicated thateast-west winds may reach 225 mph or more. North-south windsand possible vertical winds, while probably much weaker,may still be significant. There are competing theoreticalmodels of Titan’s winds, and the overall picture is bestsummarized as poorly understood. Predictions of wherethe Huygens probe will land range from nearly 250 mileseast to nearly 125 miles west of the point where itsparachute first deploys, depending on which wind modelis used. What actually happens to the probe as it makesits parachute descent through Titan’s atmosphere will givescientists their best-ever opportunity to learn aboutTitan’s winds.During its descent, Huygens will transmit data from itsonboard sensors to Cassini, the “mother ship” that broughtit to Titan. Cassini will then relay the data back toEarth. However, the large radio telescopes will be ableto receive the faint (10-watt) signal from Huygensdirectly, even at a distance of nearly 750 million miles.This will not be done to duplicate the data collection,but to generate new data about Huygens’ position andmotions through direct measurement.Measurements of the Doppler shift in the frequency of Huygens’radio signal made from the Cassini spacecraft, in an experimentled by Mike Bird of the University of Bonn, will largelygive information about the speed of Titan’s east-west winds.A team led by scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratoryin Pasadena, CA, will measure the Doppler shift in the probe’ssignal relative to Earth. These additional Doppler measurementsfrom the Earth-based radio telescopes will provide importantdata needed to learn about the north-south winds.”Adding the ground-based telescopes to the experiment willnot only help confirm the data we get from the Cassiniorbiter but also will allow us to get a much more completepicture of the winds on Titan,” said William Folkner, aJPL scientist.Another team, led by scientists from the Joint Institute forVery Long Baseline Interferometry in Europe (JIVE), inDwingeloo, The Netherlands, will use a world-wide networkof radio telescopes, including the NRAO telescopes, to trackthe probe’s trajectory with unprecedented accuracy. Theyexpect to measure the probe’s position within two-thirds ofa mile (1 kilometer) at a distance of nearly 750 million miles.”That’s like being able to sit in your back yard and watchthe ball in a ping-pong game being played on the Moon,”said Leonid Gurvits of JIVE.Both the JPL and JIVE teams will record the data collected bythe radio telescopes and process it later. In the case of theDoppler measurements, some real-time information may beavailable, depending on the strength of the signal, but thescientists on this team also plan to do their detailed analysison recorded data.The JPL team is utilizing special instrumentation from the Deep SpaceNetwork called Radio Science Receivers. One will be loaned to the GBTand another to the Parkes radio observatory. “This is the sameinstrument that allowed us to support the challenging communicationsduring the landing of the Spirit and Opportunity Mars roversas well as the Cassini Saturn Orbit Insertion when the receivedradio signal was very weak,” said Sami Asmar, the JPL scientistresponsible for the data recording.When the Galileo spacecraft’s probe entered Jupiter’satmosphere in 1995, a JPL team used the NSF’s Very LargeArray (VLA) radio telescope in New Mexico to directly trackthe probe’s signal. Adding the data from the VLA to thatexperiment dramatically improved the accuracy of thewind-speed measurements.”The Galileo probe gave us a surprise. Contrary to somepredictions, we learned that Jupiter’s winds got strongeras we went deeper into its atmosphere. That tells us thatthose deeper winds are not driven entirely by sunlight, butalso by heat coming up from the planet’s core. If we getlucky at Titan, we’ll get surprises there, too,” said RobertPreston, another JPL scientist.The Huygens probe is a spacecraft built by the European SpaceAgency (ESA). In addition to the NRAO telescopes, the JPL DopplerWind Experiment will use the Australia Telescope National Facilityand other radio telescopes in Parkes, Mopra, and Ceduna, Australia;Hobart, Tasmania; Urumqi and Shanghai, China; and Kashima,Japan. The positional measurements are a project led by JIVE andinvolving ESA, the Netherlands Foundation for Research in Astronomy,the University of Bonn, Helsinki University of Technology, JPL,the Australia Telescope National Facility, the National AstronomicalObservatories of China, the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, andthe National Institute for Communication Technologies in Kashima,Japan.The Joint Institute for VLBI in Europe is funded by the national researchcouncils, national facilities and institutes of The Netherlands (NWO andASTRON), the United Kingdom (PPARC), Italy (CNR), Sweden (Onsala SpaceObservatory, National Facility), Spain (IGN) and Germany (MPIfR). TheEuropean VLBI Network is a joint facility of European, Chinese, SouthAfrican and other radio astronomy institutes funded by their nationalresearch councils. The Australia Telescope is funded by the Commonwealthof Australia for operation as a National Facility managed by CSIRO.The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of theNational Science Foundation, operated under cooperative agreementby Associated Universities, Inc.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Reading tale of ions in Saturn’s magnetosphere UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND NEWS RELEASEPosted: July 2, 2004The Cassini spacecraft has barely begun its four-year tour around Saturn, but already a University of Maryland sensor is beginning to reveal new data about the immense magnetosphere of the ringed planet.Designed and built by scientists in the University of Maryland’s space physics group, the CHEMS (CHarge Energy Mass Spectrometer) sensor measures ions — positively charged atoms — in Saturn’s magnetosphere.A planet’s magnetosphere is the magnetic field and charged particle environment that surrounds it. The magnetosphere traps ions produced in and around a planet. And it shields a planet from, and interacts with, the solar wind – the high-speed stream of ionized particles flowing out in all directions from the Sun.”By determining the elemental composition and charge state of the ions within and around Saturn’s magnetosphere, CHEMS will identify the sources of the plasma found there and study the processes of plasma acceleration,” says Douglas C. Hamilton, a professor of physics at the University of Maryland and leader of the space physics team that designed and built the CHEMS sensor. “CHEMS has already yielded data indicating the plasma in Saturn’s magnetosphere consists mostly of hydrogen and oxygen ions and molecular ions derived from water,” says Hamilton. “This suggests that the plasma probably comes from the surfaces of Saturn’s icy moons and rings, and not from the atmosphere of Titan, which consists primarily of nitrogen.” Plasmas are the most common form of matter, comprising more than 99percent of the known visible universe including the Sun and other stars. These ionized gases generate and interact with magnetic and electric fields around planets, stars and other astrophysical environments. Plasma processes can accelerate some ions to incredible energies. Cosmic rays — which are some of the highest energy plasma particles — contain “signatures” of the birth and death of stars. Observing the properties of space plasmas and energetic particles provides scientists a rich source of information about the physical processes that energize these materials and the conditions that exist at the sites where this energizing takes place.Magnetospheric Imaging

  168. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 30, 2008Space station commander Peggy Whitson and flight engineer Dan Tani began repressurizing the Quest airlock module at 12:06 p.m. to officially end a seven-hour 10-minute spacewalk. The astronauts successfully installed a replacement solar array positioning motor and carried out additional inspections to help engineers troubleshoot problems with a large rotary joint.”Thanks for making it look so easy,” astronaut Tom Marshburn radioed. “Thanks for the good work.”Whitson, the world’s most experienced female spacewalker, has now logged 39 hours and 46 minutes of spacewalk time during six excursions while Tani’s six-EVA total stands at 39 hours and 11 minutes. Whitson ranks 15th overall on the list of most experienced spacewalkers while Tani is 16th. Total space station EVA time now stands at 631 hours and 35 minutes through 101 spacewalks since assembly began in 1998.NASA managers, meanwhile, are holding a final flight readiness review to assess plans to make another attempt to launch the shuttle Atlantis next week on a long-awaited space station assembly mission. The goal of the flight, delayed in December because of fuel sensor problems, is to attach the European Space Agency’s Columbus module. NASA hopes to follow that flight with back-to-back missions to install two Japanese modules.Today’s successful replacement of the solar array positioning motor means the station should be able to generate enough power to support the new modules. Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:REMOVED BMRRM PLACED IN STOWAGE CONTAINER VIDEO:THE NEW REPLACEMENT BMRRM MOTOR IS INSTALLED VIDEO:FAILED BMRRM MOTOR REMOVED FROM STATION VIDEO:SPACEWALKERS PREP OLD BMRRM FOR REMOVAL VIDEO:PREVIEW OF THE BMRRM REPLACEMENT SPACEWALK Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Spacewalkers connect power, cooling for module BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  169. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: March 9, 2006Pockets of liquid water may exist near the surface of Saturn’s icy moon Enceladus, the apparent source of huge Yellowstone-type geysers seen erupting from the moon’s south polar region by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, scientists reported today. If so, Enceladus would join a very short list of bodies in the solar system with environments that could, in theory at least, support life. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version “What we have found on Enceladus – simple organics, excess heat and evidence for liquid water – represents the Holy Grail of modern day planetary exploration, and we’ve just stumbled upon it,” said Cassini imaging team leader Carolyn Porco. “How cool is that?”It is not yet clear what process might be generating the energy needed to thaw ice in the ultra cold realm, but it may be a combination of natural radioactive heating and tidal flexing caused by Saturn’s gravity, coupled with an era of heating in the past.While the heat source is not yet clear, the results are. High resolution images and data from other instruments aboard Cassini show towering plumes erupting from long fractures dubbed “tiger stripes” in the fractured terrain near the south pole. Based on the volume and size of the ice particles spewing out, scientists believe they may originate from near-surface reservoirs of water that have been warmed above the freezing point.”This finding has substantially broadened the range of environments in the solar system that might support life,” Porco said in an email. “And it doesn’t get any more significant than that. I’d say that if we did nothing else at Saturn, this discovery alone and its possible biological implications would have made the Cassini mission worthwhile.”Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:CASSINI IMAGERY OF ENCELADUS VIDEO:INTERVIEW WITH CASSINI SCIENTIST The Cassini imaging team, led by Porco of the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo., reported the findings in the current issue of Science magazine.Carrying a suite of sophisticated instruments, Cassini braked into orbit around Saturn in July 2004 after a seven-year voyage from Earth. Since then, it’s been looping around the planet in a series of ever-changing orbits, studying its spectacular ring system, its atmosphere, the space environment near Saturn and many of the planet’s more interesting moons. Much of the early attention has been focused on Titan, a moon larger than Mercury that is shrouded in a thick atmosphere.The much smaller Enceladus, just 300 miles or so across but one of the brightest moons in the solar system, has long been a target of interest because of earlier observations that hinted at an unusual surface. Cassini’s observations have raised that interest to a new level. Plumes of icy material extend above the southern polar region of Saturn’s moon Enceladus as imaged by the Cassini spacecraft in February 2005. The monochrome view is presented along with a color-coded version on the right. The latter reveals a fainter and much more extended plume component. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version “Images taken as early as 16 January 2005, images acquired during the February and July 2005 flybys, and those taken in late November 2005 have yielded striking visual evidence of many narrow jets of fine icy particles emanating from the south polar terrain,” the imaging team wrote in Science.”They also have yielded indications of extreme geologic youth in the SPT, morphological evidence of a change over time in surface stresses in the southern hemisphere, and possible evidence of an epoch of intense heating in the past.”During the November 2005 flyby, Cassini images revealed “many distinct near-surface jets, emanating from the surface in a variety of directions and supplying a much bigger, fainter plume towering over the south polar region by at least 435 km (270 miles),” the team wrote.The source of the jets appears to be the so-called tiger stripes, a family of long, roughly parallel features that are typically 1,600 feet or so deep, about a mile wide and some 80 miles long. Most of the ice seen erupting in plumes falls back to the surface, but about 1 percent escapes and contributes to Saturn’s E ring.”At the moment, we interpret these observations to indicate that the south polar jets are the primary source of the E-ring,” the science team writes. “The fact that almost all of the observed particles in the jets’ extended plume are falling back to the surface may explain the extreme brightness of the interstripe plains as being due to freshly fallen snow.”As for the heat source, there are two possibilities: “either sublimating ice, above or below ground, or underground reservoirs of boiling liquid erupting through vents in the tiger stripes.” The second option seems to fit the observations best and “the erupting mixture of vapor and liquid – or, in the case of Enceladus, vapor, liquid and ice particles – is like a cold Yellowstone geyser.”Heat from radioactive decay and tidal stress alone do not appear sufficient to produce the presumed reservoirs. But the moon may have undergone more extreme heating in the past due to changes in its orbital path around Saturn and the lingering traces of that heat, plus the ongoing radioactive and tidal processes, just might be enough to produce the necessary heating. As Saturn’s active moon Enceladus continues to spew icy particles into space, scientists struggle to understand the mechanics of what is going on beneath the fractured south polar terrain. This graphic illustrates key aspects of the model proposed by the Cassini imaging science team. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version While scientists don’t yet understand the details of how liquid water can exist close to the surface of such a cold world, “we cannot exclude the possibility that the processes producing the observed heating might result in local regions with even higher temperatures, leading to subsurface reservoirs of liquid water.”Based on data from NASA’s Galileo Jupiter probe, researchers believe the jovian moon Europa and others may harbor subsurface reservoirs of water. But in those cases, the presumed water is at least several miles below the surface and no plumes like those seen rising from Enceladus have been obsesrved.Porco said the reservoirs on Enceladus may be no more than a few tens of meters deep.”We previously knew that Mars, the subsurface of Mars, might have water and therefore living organisms,” Porco told CBS News. “We knew that moons like Europa around Jupiter … might also be regions or bodies where we might find subterranean water. But now Enceladus has become and even more exciting target because this is a body where the water is closer to the surface. And also, it’s not bathed in the intense radiation environment that Europa is.”Porco said the discovery could lead to “a redirection of our plans in exploring the solar system to focus on Enceladus as the next body we go to.”But not in the near term. NASA funding for space science is being cut back to help pay for the Bush administration’s program to send astronauts back to the moon as a prelude for eventual manned flights to Mars.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cassini finds puzzles in Saturn’s ring ingredients NASA/JPL ANNOUNCEMENTPosted: July 2, 2004Just two days after the Cassini spacecraft entered Saturn orbit, preliminary science results are already beginning to show a complex and fascinating planetary system. One early result intriguing scientists concerns Saturn’s Cassini Division, the large gap between the A and B rings. While Saturn’s rings are almost exclusively composed of water ice, new findings show the Cassini Division contains relatively more “dirt” than ice. Further, the particles between the rings seem remarkably similar to the dark material that scientists saw on Saturn’s moon, Phoebe. These dark particles refuel the theory that the rings might be the remnants of a moon. The F ring was also found to contain more dirt. Evidence from the visual and infrared mapping spectrometer on the Cassini spacecraft indicates that the grain sizes in Saturn’s rings grade from smaller to larger, related to distance from Saturn. Those data (right) are shown next to a corresponding picture of the rings taken by Cassini’s narrow angle camera. Saturn’s rings are thought to be made up of boulder-size snowballs. By looking at the rings with the visual and infrared mapping spectrometer, the size of the ice crystals, or grains, on the surfaces of those boulders can be determined. Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona Another instrument on Cassini has detected large quantities of oxygen at the edge of the rings. Scientists are still trying to understand these results, but they think the oxygen may be left over from a collision that occurred as recently as January of this year. “In just two days, our ideas about the rings have been expanded tremendously,” said Dr. Linda Spilker, of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., deputy project scientist for the Cassini-Huygens mission. “The Phoebe-like material is a big surprise. What puzzles us is that the A and B rings are so clean and the Cassini Division between them appears so dirty.”The visual and infrared mapping spectrometer onboard Cassini revealed the dirt mixed with the ice in the Cassini Division and in other small gaps in the rings, as well as in the F ring.”The surprising fingerprint in the data is that the dirt appears similar to what we saw at Phoebe. In the next several months we will be looking for the origin of this material,” said Dr. Roger Clark, of the U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colo., and a member of the Cassini science team. Cassini’s ultraviolet imaging instrument detected the sudden and surprising increase in the amount of atomic oxygen at the edge of the rings. The finding leads scientists to hypothesize that something may have collided with the main rings, producing the excess oxygen. Dr. Donald Shemansky of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, co-investigator for Cassini’s ultraviolet imaging spectrograph instrument, said, “What is surprising is the evidence of a strong, sudden event during the observation period causing substantial variation in the oxygen distribution and abundance.” Although atomic oxygen has not been previously observed, its presence is not a surprise because hydroxyl was discovered earlier from Hubble Space Telescope observations, and these chemicals are both products of water chemistry.Cassini’s examination of Saturn’s atmosphere began while the spacecraft was still approaching the planet. Winds on Saturn near the equator decrease dramatically with altitude above the cloud tops. The winds fall off by as much 140 meters per second (approximately 300 miles per hour) over an altitude range of 300 kilometers (approximately 200 miles) in the upper stratosphere. This is the first time winds have been measured at altitudes so high in Saturn’s atmosphere.”We are finally defining the wind field in three dimensions, and it is very complex,” said Dr. Michael Flasar of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., principal investigator for Cassini’s composite infrared spectrometer. “Temperature maps obtained now that Cassini is orbiting Saturn are expected to show more detail, helping us to unravel the riddles of Saturn’s winds above the cloud tops.”Early Friday (Pacific Time), Cassini imaged Saturn’s largest moon Titan, one of the prime targets for the mission. Titan is thought to harbor simple organic compounds that may be important in understanding the chemical building blocks that led to life on Earth. Although too cold to support life now, Titan serves as a frozen vault to see what early Earth might have been like. Scientists will receive the new data and images from Titan later Friday.The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.?Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:WATCH FRIDAY’S SCIENCE NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:THURSDAY’S NEWS BRIEFING ON CASSINI’S FIRST PICTURES VIDEO:RING PICTURES ARE PRESENTED WITH EXPERT NARRATION VIDEO:CASSINI RE-DISCOVERS TINY MOONS ATLAS AND PAN VIDEO:CASSINI BOOMING SOUNDS FROM BOW-SHOCK CROSSING VIDEO:CASSINI BEGINS ENGINE FIRING TO ENTER ORBIT VIDEO:BURN ENDS SUCCESSFULLY TO PUT CASSINI IN ORBIT VIDEO:POST-ARRIVAL NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:WEDNESDAY’S 12 P.M. EDT CASSINI STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:A LOOK AT INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION VIDEO:’RING-SIDE CHAT’ ABOUT SPACE EXPLORATION VIDEO:AN OVERVIEW OF CASSINI’S RADIO SCIENCE VIDEO:TUESDAY’S CASSINI MISSION OVERVIEW BRIEFING VIDEO:CASSINI’S ARRIVAL AT SATURN EXPLAINED VIDEO:SCIENCE OBJECTIVES FOR CASSINI ORBITER VIDEO:HUYGENS LANDER SCIENCE OBJECTIVES Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Apollo 12 tribute DVD setNew!Featuring the jovial crew of Pete Conrad, Dick Gordon and Alan Bean, the Apollo 12 mission was struck by lightning shortly after liftoff but proceeded on the second successful exploration voyage to the lunar surface. This three-disc DVD brings the mission to life with extraordinary detail.Choose your store: – – – Fallen Heroes special patchThis special 12-inch embroidered patch commemorates the U.S. astronauts who made the ultimate sacrifice, honoring the crews of Apollo 1, Challenger and Columbia.Choose your store: – – – Women in SpaceWomen of Space: Cool Careers on the Final Frontier is for girls, young women, and anyone else interested in learning about exciting careers in space exploration. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Mars rover posterThis new poster features some of the best pictures from NASA’s amazing Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity.Choose your store:Columbia ReportA reproduction of the official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Choose your store: – – – Mars PanoramaDISCOUNTED! This 360 degree image was taken by the Mars Pathfinder, which landed on the Red Planet in July 1997. The Sojourner Rover is visible in the image. Choose your store:Apollo 11 Mission ReportApollo 11 – The NASA Mission Reports Vol. 3 is the first comprehensive study of man’s first mission to another world is revealed in all of its startling complexity. Includes DVD!Choose your store: – – – Rocket DVDIf you’ve ever watched a launch from Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg Air Force Base or even Kodiak Island Alaska, there’s no better way to describe what you witnessed than with this DVD.Choose your store: – – – Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Cassini flies past Titan; pictures expected tonight BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  170. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 14, 2005A huge radio telescope at Green Bank, West Virginia, was able to detectand lock onto a faint carrier signal from the Huygens Titan probe for morethan two hours this morning, confirming the spacecraft’s continued descentthrough the moon’s atmosphere following a high-speed entry around 5:13 a.m. EST (1013GMT).A second radio telescope now has picked up the signal as well and EuropoeanSpace Agency project scientist Jean-Pierre Lebreton said engineers were evenable to confirm at least one of the probe’s six on-board instruments hadactivated as planned.Touchdown on Titan’s surface was expected around 7:34 a.m.But detection of a carrier – a feat equivalent to picking up a cell phonecall from 751 million miles away – only means the spacecraft was alive andthat it survived the rigors of atmospheric entry. Confirmation that actualscience data was collected won’t be available until 11:15 a.m. EST, afterNASA’s Cassini spacecraft relays recorded data to Earth.”We’ve got a long way to go,” said ESA science director David Southwood.”As far as i’m concerned,the baby is out of the womb, but we’ve yet to countthe fingers and toes, so we’ve still got a long way to go. But it’s a majorstep, a major engineering step. You can probably detect a certain relief onmy face. That’s real. But there’s still a long way to go before the fullbaby is revealed.”NASA science chief Al Diaz said detection of the carrier signal “meansthat probably one of the most difficult entry activities ever done has justbeen accomplished successfully.”Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Huygens mission ends BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

  171. Posted: June 5, 2010 Sound-activated cameras around Cape Canaveral’s Complex 40 capture the thunderous blastoff of the Falcon 9 rocket on its experimental first test flight.Credit: Chris Thompson/SpaceXCredit: Chris Thompson/SpaceXAdditional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:FALCON 9 LAUNCH AS SEEN FROM NASA CAUSEWAY VIDEO:VIEW FROM KENNEDY SPACE CENTER PRESS SITE VIDEO:VEHICLE ASSEMBLY BUILDING ROOF CAMERA | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.First Falcon 9 rocket now coming together at the Cape SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: January 29, 2010 All the pieces of the first Falcon 9 rocket due to launch between March and May have been trucked into Cape Canaveral, leaving just a handful of final tasks and closeouts before the booster is lifted atop the pad for tanking and engine tests. The Falcon 9 rocket sits inside a hangar at Complex 40. See our . Credit: Justin Ray/Spaceflight NowThe rocket’s second stage arrived at the Cape earlier this week after finishing acceptance testing in Texas, filling the shiny new SpaceX hangar at Complex 40 with rocket hardware for the first time.See our complete from this week.The nine-engine first stage and the first launch’s rudimentary Dragon capsule arrived in Florida late last year. Those components are nearly ready for launch, said Tim Buzza, SpaceX’s vice president of launch operations.Technicians are finishing closeouts and working with the first stage destruct system as engineers put the second stage through a slate of propulsion systems tests. The avionics system and Merlin engine nozzle will also be installed on the upper stage in the coming days.”The [first] stage is fully checked out electrically, and propulsion and structures are all happy,” Buzza said. “So we’re just putting the final closeout pieces on.”The launch pad itself, formerly used by the Air Force Titan 4 rocket, is nearly ready for the maiden launch. Workers are adding an minor extension to the flame trench and finishing up pipelines.The Falcon 9 stages sit on rail tracks similar to the integration concept used by the Ukrainian Zenit rocket and other Russian launchers.Buzza said he hopes to have the rocket fully assembled and ready to roll out from the hangar to the launch pad by mid-February, but officials first plan a series of mission simulations involving the fully-integrated rocket.Massive cranes will lift the rocket from the floor, allowing the transporter and erector system to slide underneath the vehicle.”Then it’s four or five days to get all mated up, then another couple days to get on the [transporter]. We have about two days on the pad for the first time we come out and hook up. We’re going to do a quick pad check to pick out any high-risk items that we don’t have to find on wet dress [rehearsal] day,” Buzza said.The transporter will be pulled by a tug similar to the tractors used on planes on airport tarmacs. It will take about 15 minutes to reach the pad, then the rocket will be lifted upright, according to Buzza, who also serves as Falcon 9 launch director.The first order of business on the pad will be a wet dress rehearsal that includes loading kerosene and liquid oxygen propellants into both stages.Buzza said the rehearsal’s “primary purpose is the ground system’s interaction with the rocket, whether it be propellants, helium, or nitrogen, and then it’s getting the timeline cadence down.””Depending on how those tests go, we’ll just drive into the next step,” Buzza said. Complex 40 has been modified to support Falcon 9 launches. Credit: Justin Ray/Spaceflight NowOfficials are still tweaking the countdown, which will be run by around 30 managers and engineers stationed inside the SpaceX Launch Control Center about 12 miles south of the launch pad.”Hopefully, once we’re through that and figure out the ground systems, then we put that part behind us and figure out how we light the engines,” Buzza said.The static test firing will include officials from the Air Force-controlled Eastern Range and the SpaceX launch team for a full-up mission rehearsal.”We’re going to act like that’s launch day, and there we get the cadence between the two groups,” Buzza said.After the engine test, which is expected to last a few seconds, SpaceX will move the rocket back to the hangar for the final installation of the the vehicle’s self-destruct system that would terminate the flight if problems developed during launch.When the Falcon 9 reaches the pad again, some time no earlier than the first week of March, it will be ready for flight. Liftoff is currently set for around March 8 during a four-hour launch window that opens at 11 a.m. EST.Company leaders stress the launch date is preliminary and is subject to change, saying liftoff could occur between March and May.The Falcon 9 will propel the Dragon capsule into low Earth orbit on a flight simulating SpaceX’s first mission for NASA demonstrating cargo delivery to the International Space Station.Elon Musk, SpaceX’s founder and CEO, said the Falcon 9’s inaugural flight is all about learning.”The more data we gain, the more successful the mission,” Musk said. “As with any test, success is a function of how much data you gather from that test. So it’s going to be somewhere between 0 and 100 percent.”The Falcon 9 will eventually launch operational Dragon missions to resupply the space station with crucial logistics and science experiments after the space shuttle’s retirement at the end of this year. The first Falcon 9 rocket will be a demonstration mission with the Dragon qualification unit. Credit: SpaceXMusk is also hoping to win a NASA contract to develop a piloted version of the Dragon as part of the new commercial focus of the human space program expected to be announced Monday.SpaceX, which includes almost 900 workers across the country, now employs a staff of about 45 engineers and technicians permanently located in Florida. Dozens of other workers from California and Texas fly to the Cape during busy periods.”It’s quite real,” Buzza said. “We’re talking about how to get to the end game and tailoring procedures and who has the authority to do what.””When they’re in the hangar putting this together, they’re not putting it together for a wet dress or a static fire, they’re putting it together for flight,” Buzza said.STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.First SpaceX rocket launch ends in failureSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 24, 2006The maiden flight for a new breed of low-cost rockets designed to revolutionize the space launch industry met a disastrous fate Friday, tumbling out of control and slamming into the Pacific Ocean moments after liftoff.More than three years of development took the Falcon 1 rocket from the drawing board to the launch pad thanks to the backing of Elon Musk. The South African spent part of the fortune he made as co-founder of PayPal, the online payment system, and the earlier Zip2 software company to create Space Exploration Technologies Corp.He formed SpaceX with the goal of vastly reducing the cost of rockets and dreams of human voyages to the planets.The company’s first space booster blasted off at 2230 GMT (5:30 p.m. EST) from the seven-acre Omelek Island in the Kwajalein Atoll. The mission had been delayed months by technical setbacks.The 70-foot tall Falcon 1 rocket, named after the Star Wars Millennium Falcon, was carrying a tiny science spacecraft built by cadets at the U.S. Air Force Academy. The two-stage booster was supposed to deploy the probe into a 250 by 310 mile orbit around Earth.Priced at $6.7 million per launch, the Falcon 1 small-satellite launcher seems like a bargain in the U.S. market, since NASA currently spends almost three times that much on existing rockets of similar lifting power. What’s more, the Falcon 1’s design will evolve into larger rockets — the Falcon 5 and Falcon 9 — to haul much heavier payloads into orbit while promising to keep the cost lower than Atlas or Delta vehicles.But Friday’s launch turned into a brutal failure.Liftoff was delayed 90 minutes because the retrieval ship for the reusable first stage was errantly inside the restricted zone downrange and had to be moved into safer waters.After the unplanned hold, countdown clocks entered the final 75 minutes and the rocket was loaded with a highly-refined kerosene propellant and supercold liquid oxygen to feed the engines on both stages.To keep the liquid oxygen from warming up and naturally boiling away while the rocket sat on its tropical launch pad before liftoff, a “thermal coat” had been wrapped around the first stage. Problems running out of liquid oxygen on the remote island have bedeviled SpaceX over the past few months.”A glaring deficiency that we had in the November and December attempts was the fact that we were basically boiling LOX at an unacceptably high rate. It is hard to get LOX on the island. So what we did was put a blanket scheme together to cover the first stage LOX tank,” Gwynne Shotwell, SpaceX vice president of business development, told reporters during Friday’s countdown.”It is held to the rocket by Velcro and we’ve got lanyards that hold it down to the ground. So basically the lanyards will pull a zipper as the vehicle lifts up, a Velcro zipper, and that LOX tank insulation will stay on the ground as the vehicle flies through it.”Countdown clocks hit T-zero and the Merlin main engine fired to life. The powerplant, expected to generate about 77,000 pounds of thrust, was developed in-house by SpaceX.The Falcon 1 had set sail on its maiden voyage, and a video camera mounted on the rocket beamed back live footage of the booster ascending skyward. However, the launch video did not show any signs of the liquid oxygen blanket unzipping and being yanked free from the rocket by ground tethers as planned.As the vehicle climbed higher, a white blanket presumably the cover Shotwell had mentioned could be seen flapping wildly in the onboard video. Large pieces appeared to rip away at T+plus 20 seconds due to the rocket’s increasing speed.The vehicle had a noticeable rolling motion, rocking back and forth a bit, and then at T+plus 26 seconds rapidly pitched over when its fiery engine plume became greatly distorted.”This is the RCO, we have an active track with the radar,” the Range Safety officer announced.Just moments later the rocket impacted the ocean, apparently on its side, at about T+plus 41 seconds.Did the blanket play a role? Was the engine damaged? Did the nozzle fail? Investigators are beginning to sift through the data collected during the brief flight to construct a full picture of the launch.”We did lose the vehicle,” Shotwell said in announcing the failure. “Clearly this is a setback. But we are in this for the long haul. We will proceed with follow-up information as we learn it.”In a pre-launch press briefing last November before the first attempt to fly the Falcon 1, Musk acknowledged the difficulty in rocketry. Successfully launching a rocket requires everything to go right, and history is littered with failed inaugural flights. Musk compared the maiden flight with trying to develop perfect software. “It is like…if you had a very complex piece of software that you test pieces of but you can’t test the whole thing together until you ran it for the first time, nor could you test it on the exact computer that it had to run for the first time. But when it does run for the first time it can have no bugs. When was the last time you saw a piece of software that met that criteria?” SpaceX had planned to launch its second Falcon 1 rocket with an experimental communications satellite for the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in three to six months from the company’s pad at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. How Friday’s failure will change those plans is not clear.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA’s Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia’s historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard’s historic Mercury mission with this collectors’ item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Fuel leak apparently doomed Falcon 1SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 25, 2006Early insights from investigators examining Friday’s failed launch of the first SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket suggest a fuel leak triggered a fire that ultimately brought down the booster, the company’s founder said today. This closeup image shows the Merlin main engine during launch. Credit: Thom Rogers/SpaceX”The good news is that all vehicle systems, including the main engine, thrust vector control, structures, avionics, software, guidance algorithm, etc. were picture perfect. Falcon’s trajectory was within 0.2 degrees of nominal during powered flight,” Elon Musk said in a statement posted this morning on his brother’s blog.”However, at T+25s, a fuel leak of currently unknown origin caused a fire around the top of the main engine that cut into the first stage helium pneumatic system. On high resolution imagery, the fire is clearly visible within seconds after liftoff. Once the pneumatic pressure decayed below a critical value, the spring return safety function of the pre-valves forced them closed, shutting down the main engine at T+29s.”The rocket tumbled out of the sky and impacted the ocean about 41 seconds after liftoff.Initial speculation immediately after Friday’s malfunction wondered if a thermal coat wrapped around the first stage liquid oxygen tank that was supposed to separate at liftoff could have contributed to the mishap. Launch video showed the jacket ripping apart as the rocket climbed into the sky.”It does not appear as though the first stage insulation played a negative role, nor are any other vehicle anomalies apparent from either the telemetry or imaging. Falcon was executing perfectly on all fronts until fire impaired the first stage pneumatic system,” Musk said.”Our plan at this point is to analyze data and debris to be certain that the above preliminary analysis is correct and then isolate and address all possible causes for the fuel leak. In addition, we will do another ground up systems review of the entire vehicle to flush out any other potential issues.”I cannot predict exactly when the next flight will take place, as that depends on the findings of this investigation and ensuring that our next customer is comfortable that all reasonable steps have been taken to ensure reliability. However, I would hope that the next launch occurs in less than six months.”That next mission of Falcon 1 is scheduled to carry the TacSat experimental communications satellite for the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The Falcon 1 rocket lifts off. Credit: Thom Rogers/SpaceX”It is perhaps worth noting that those launch companies that succeeded also took their lumps along the way. … Having experienced firsthand how hard it is to reach orbit, I have a lot of respect for those that persevered to produce the vehicles that are mainstays of space launch today,” Musk said.Friday’s launch was the first for the start-up company. SpaceX developed the small Falcon 1 as a stepping stone to much larger boosters of the future.”I am very encouraged and grateful that our launch customers took the time to call and express their support of SpaceX when their reaction could easily have been the opposite. We will stand by them as they have stood by us. SpaceX is in this for the long haul and, come hell or high water, we are going to make this work.”Musk added that he “believes in maximum disclosure” and will continue to provide information about the accident.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA’s first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.

  172. The University of Maryland space physics group specializes in measurements of space plasmas and of suprathermal and energetic ions found in solar, planetary, and interplanetary environments. The work for which the group is internationally recognized includes studies of the composition and ionization states of the solar wind, solar energetic particles, and interstellar neutral atoms which have been “picked up” in the solar wind. This work, carried on at Maryland since the late 1960s, has given key insights into solar energetic particle acceleration and conditions in the solar atmosphere.Other work has provided fundamental information about the energizing of particles by traveling interplanetary shocks and such diverse topics as the origin of oxygen and sulfur ions in Jupiter’s magnetosphere from the volcanoes on the moon Io and the composition and energy content of the Earth’s radiation belts.The plasma and energetic particle observations carried out by the Space Physics Group require novel instrumentation carried on Earth-orbiting satellites and deep-space probes. Instruments are designed and constructed on campus by the group’s technical staff, with participation by graduate as well as undergraduate students.Experiments built by the group are currently operating on 13 spacecraft, including Cassini. Other missions carrying the group’s sensors include the Voyager deep-space probes, the Ulysses probe to the solar poles and near-Earth missions such as Geotail, the Solar Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer (SAMPEX), WIND, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), and the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE).Additional coverage for subscribers:VIDEO:WATCH FRIDAY’S SCIENCE NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:THURSDAY’S NEWS BRIEFING ON CASSINI’S FIRST PICTURES VIDEO:RING PICTURES ARE PRESENTED WITH EXPERT NARRATION VIDEO:CASSINI RE-DISCOVERS TINY MOONS ATLAS AND PAN VIDEO:CASSINI BOOMING SOUNDS FROM BOW-SHOCK CROSSING VIDEO:CASSINI BEGINS ENGINE FIRING TO ENTER ORBIT VIDEO:BURN ENDS SUCCESSFULLY TO PUT CASSINI IN ORBIT VIDEO:POST-ARRIVAL NEWS CONFERENCE VIDEO:WEDNESDAY’S 12 P.M. EDT CASSINI STATUS BRIEFING VIDEO:A LOOK AT INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION VIDEO:’RING-SIDE CHAT’ ABOUT SPACE EXPLORATION VIDEO:AN OVERVIEW OF CASSINI’S RADIO SCIENCE VIDEO:TUESDAY’S CASSINI MISSION OVERVIEW BRIEFING VIDEO:CASSINI’S ARRIVAL AT SATURN EXPLAINED VIDEO:SCIENCE OBJECTIVES FOR CASSINI ORBITER VIDEO:HUYGENS LANDER SCIENCE OBJECTIVES Ferryflight Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!”The Final Mission” – NASA emblem developed for the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft crew and their support teams to deliver the orbiters to their final destinations at museums.Columbia ReportA reproduction of the official accident investigation report into the loss of the space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven. Choose your store: – – – Mars PanoramaDISCOUNTED! This 360 degree image was taken by the Mars Pathfinder, which landed on the Red Planet in July 1997. The Sojourner Rover is visible in the image. Choose your store:Apollo 11 Mission ReportApollo 11 – The NASA Mission Reports Vol. 3 is the first comprehensive study of man’s first mission to another world is revealed in all of its startling complexity. Includes DVD!Choose your store: – – – Rocket DVDIf you’ve ever watched a launch from Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg Air Force Base or even Kodiak Island Alaska, there’s no better way to describe what you witnessed than with this DVD.Choose your store: – – – Soviet SpaceFor the first time ever available in the West. Rocket & Space Corporation Energia: a complete pictorial history of the Soviet/Russian Space Program from 1946 to the present day all in full color. Available from our store.Choose your store: – – – Viking patchThis embroidered mission patch celebrates NASA’s Viking Project which reached the Red Planet in 1976.Choose your store: – – – Apollo 7 DVDFor 11 days the crew of Apollo 7 fought colds while they put the Apollo spacecraft through a workout, establishing confidence in the machine what would lead directly to the bold decision to send Apollo 8 to the moon just 2 months later. Choose your store: – – – Gemini 12Gemini 12: The NASA Mission Reports covers the voyage of James Lovell and Buzz Aldrin that capped the Gemini program’s efforts to prove the technologies and techniques that would be needed for the Apollo Moon landings. Includes CD-ROM.Choose your store: – – – Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Saturn in full view for Cassini spacecraft CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: August 2, 2004Two weeks after orbit insertion, Cassini glanced back at Saturn, taking in the entire planet and its expansive rings. Currently it is summer in Saturn’s southern hemisphere. Notable here is the bright spot located near the planet’s southern hemisphere, where the line from the day and night side of the planet meets. The angle of illumination hints at Saturn’s tilt relative to the Sun. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload a larger version of image The image was taken in visible red light with the Cassini spacecraft wide angle camera on July 13, 2004, from a distance of about 5 million kilometers (3.1 million miles) from Saturn. The Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase angle of this image is 95 degrees. The image scale is 299 kilometers (186 miles) per pixel. Contrast has been enhanced slightly to aid visibility. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Saturn in infrared CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: June 18, 2004 Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version Saturn’s bright equatorial band displays an exquisite swirl near the planet’s eastern limb. This image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft’s narrow angle camera on May 18, 2004, from a distance of 23.4 million kilometers (14.5 million miles) from Saturn.The camera used a filter sensitive to absorption and scattering of sunlight by methane gas in the infrared (centered at 889 nanometers). The image scale is 139 kilometers (86 miles) per pixel.No contrast enhancement has been performed on this image. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras, were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Saturn lightning, rotation discoveries made UNIVERSITY OF IOWA NEWS RELEASEPosted: December 20, 2004As NASA’s Cassini spacecraft approached Saturn last July, it found evidence that lightning on the planet is roughly one million times stronger than lightning on Earth.That’s just one of several Cassini findings that University of Iowa Space Physicist Don Gurnett will present in a paper published in Science Express, an online version of the journal Science, andin a talk delivered at a meeting of the AmericanGeophysical Union in San Francisco.Other findings include:Cassini impacted dust particles as it traversed Saturn’s rings.Saturn’s radio rotation rate varies.The comparison between Saturn’s enormously strong lightning and Earth’slightning began several years ago as the Cassini spacecraft preparedfor its journey to Saturn by swinging past the Earth to receive agravitational boost. At that time, Cassini started detecting radio signalsfrom Earth’s lightning as far out as 89,200 kilometers from the Earth’ssurface. In contrast, as Cassini approached Saturn, it started detectingradio signals from lightning about 161 million kilometers from the planet.”This means that radio signals from Saturn’s lightning are on the order ofone million times stronger than Earth’s lightning. That’s just astonishingto me!” says Gurnett, who notes that some radio signals have been linkedto storm systems observed by the Cassini imaging instrument.Earth’s lightning is commonly detected on AM radios, a technique similar tothat used by scientists monitoring signals from Cassini.Regarding Saturn’s rings, Gurnett says that the Cassini Radio and PlasmaWave Science (RPWS) instrument detected large numbers of dust impacts onthe spacecraft. Gurnett and his science team found that as Cassiniapproached the inbound ring plane crossing, the impact rate began toincrease dramatically some two minutes before the ring plane crossing,then reached a peak of more than 1,000 per second at almost exactly thetime of the ring plane crossing, and finally decreased to pre-existinglevels about two minutes later.Gurnett notes that the particles areprobably quite small, only a few microns in diameter, otherwise they wouldhave damaged the spacecraft.Finally, variations in Saturn’s radio rotation rate came as a surprise.Based upon more than one year of Cassini measurements, the rate is 10hours 45 minutes and 45 seconds, plus or minus 36 seconds. That’s about sixminutes longer than the value recorded by the Voyager 1 and 2 flybys ofSaturn in 1980-81.Scientists use the rotation rate of radio emissionsfrom the giant gas planets such as Saturn and Jupiter to determine therotation rate of the planets themselves because the planets have no solidsurfaces and are covered by clouds that make direct visual measurementsimpossible.Gurnett suggests that the change in the radio rotation rate is difficult toexplain.”Saturn is unique in that its magnetic axis is almost exactlyaligned with its rotational axis. That means there is no rotationallyinduced wobble in the magnetic field, so there must be some secondaryeffect controlling the radio emission. We hope to nail that down duringthe next four to eight years of the Cassini mission.”One possible scenario was suggested nearly 20 years ago. Writing in theMay 1985 issue of “Geophysical Research Letters,” Alex J. Dessler, a seniorresearch scientist at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University ofArizona, argued that the magnetic fields of gaseous giant planets, such asSaturn and Jupiter, are more like that of the sun than of the Earth. Thesun’s magnetic field does not rotate as a solid body. Instead, its rotationperiod varies with latitude.Commenting earlier this year on the work ofGurnett and his team, Dessler said, “This finding is very significantbecause it demonstrates that the idea of a rigidly rotating magnetic fieldis wrong. Saturn’s magnetic field has more in common with the sun than theEarth. The measurement can be interpreted as showing that the part ofSaturn’s magnetic field that controls the radio emissions has moved to ahigher latitude during the last two decades.”The radio sounds of Saturn’s rotation – resembling a heartbeat – andother sounds of space can be heard by visiting Gurnett’s Web site at:.Cassini, carrying 12 scientific instruments, on June 30, 2004 became thefirst spacecraft to orbit Saturn and begin a four-year study of the planet,its rings and its 31 known moons. The $1.4 billion spacecraft is part ofthe $3.3 billion Cassini-Huygens Mission that includes the Huygens probe,a six-instrument European Space Agency probe, scheduled to land on Titan,Saturn’s largest moon, in January 2005.The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the EuropeanSpace Agency and the Italian Space Agency. JPL, a division of theCalifornia Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. manages theCassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Office of Space Science, Washington,D.C. JPLdesigned, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Saturn Orbit Insertion is a time of nervous anticipation BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

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  174. STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: January 14, 2005NASA’s Cassini Saturn orbiter began downlinking science data from theEuropean Space Agency’s Huygens probe at 11:19 a.m. EST (1619 GMT), confirming thespacecraft not only survived its high-speed plunge into the atmosphere ofSaturn’s moon, Titan, but that its instruments worked to remotely exploreone of the strangest worlds in the solar system.”Cassini has just started to deliver the data collected during thedescent,” said Jean-Jacques Dordain, director general of the Eruopean SpaceAgency. “This is a fantastic success for Europe!”Cassini and Huygens mission managers, scientists and engineers eruptedin cheers and applause when the first data packets began showing up oncomputers screens at the European Space Agency’s Space Operations Center inGermany. Successful reception of science data capped a morning of high dramaand ended any uncertainty that Europe had achieved one of its mostimpressive engineering and scientific triumphs.”All instruments are on,” a flight controller told the Huygens team.Mission managers already knew Cassini had survived its hellish plungeinto Titan’s atmosphere and had made it to the moon’s surface because of anunimaginably faint carrier signal that was detected by a network ofEarth-based radio telescopes. The signal, some 50 quadrillion times weakerthan a typical FM radio signal in a car radio, proved Huygens had survivedentry, deployed its main parachute and activated critical subsystems. Thesignal lasted more than two hours after the predicted landing, but it didnot carry any scientific data. It was merely a tone and while it showed thecraft was alive, it didn’t prove whether it had accomplished its scientificobjectives.But the European spacecraft apparently worked as advertised and right onschedule, after Cassini dropped below Titan’s horizon, the NASA mothershipturned back toward Earth and began transmitting data from Huygens’ suite ofsix instruments.”So the morning was good. The afternoon is better,” Dordain said at anews conference. “This morning, we had an engineering success and we can saythis afternoon that we also have a scientific success. We are the firstvisitors to Titan and the scientific data we are collecting now shall unveilthe secrets of this new world.”It will take several hours for mission scientists and engineers toextract and stitch together pictures from the data stream, but the firstpanoramic views showing the surface of Titan as Huygens descended throughits hazy atmosphere may be available between 5 p.m. and 6 p.m.”The torch has been handed off from the engineers … who’ve done theirjob of delivering the probe and delivering the data back,” said DavidSouthwood, European Space Agency science director. “Now the scientists startwork. We’re going to be working, I think, very hard in the next hours anddays but in fact, this data is data for posterity.”This is a historic event. I don’t think it’s likely in the lifetime ofanyone in this room that we will repeat a landing on Titan. so this is thedata, it’s for posterity, it’s for mankind. But it’s got to be unraveled,it’s got to be put together and then scientists, being scientists, are goingto argue about what it means as we piece together our place in the universeand how we came to be. I think this is a very major step forward. But it’sonly the beginning for our science teams.”NASA science chief Al Diaz choked back tears as he called the probemission “a tremendous success.””This really is another first,” he said. “There will only be a firstsuccessful landing on Titan and this was it. The European Space Agencydeserves a tremendous amount of credit. We’re glad we could have been apartner.”Claudio Sollazzo, ESA’s Huygens operations manager, said engineers wereinvestigating the apparent loss of data from one of two channels, or chains,of telemetry from Huygens. But he said the spacecraft was fully redundantand that “we can ensure that so far, on chain B, we see everything wentwell.””The probe went through the entry phase and the (main) parachute wasdeployed essentially at the time we predicted,” he said. “We are anxious tosee what we call the history data, the telemetry that was recorded on boardthe probe before even the back cover came off so we can reconstruct how theprobe entered the atmosphere. This is very important information for thescientists to know how the higher atmospheric layers are. it is also veryimportant for the engineering community.”Data on chain B showed “the batteries are OK, the computers worked asexpected, the software shows healthy status and instrument status as far aswe could receive … were nominal,” Sollazzo said. “The internal temperatureof the probe was about 25 degrees centigrade. So … our instruments areworking at a very comfortable temperature.”One of Huygens’ six experiments, the Doppler Wind Experiment, relied inpart on chain A of the probe’s communications system. It was designed tomeasure wind speeds by detecting subtle changes in the frequency of radiotransmissions as th craft is blown this way or that. If chain A did notwork, scientists will lose measurements of that shift between Huygens andCassini. But Sollazzo said similar measurements from Earth-based radiotelescopes will allow scientists to collect similar data to make up theshortfall, assuming the data on chain A is, in fact, lost.”We have a wonderful mission on Titan,” he said, “and we are eager todeliver the data to our scientists on time and then they will go on andanalyze the data and we should get some interesting results later tonight.”Video coverage for subscribers only:VIDEO:STATUS REPORT DURING DESCENT AUDIO:TODAY’S STATUS REPORT DURING DESCENT VIDEO:HUYGENS PRE-ARRIVAL NEWS BRIEFING AUDIO:HUYGENS PRE-ARRIVAL NEWS BRIEFING VIDEO:OVERVIEW OF HUYGENS PROBE’S SCIENCE OBJECTIVES VIDEO:JULY NEWS BRIEFING ON CASSINI’S PICTURES OF TITAN VIDEO:PICTURES SHOWING TITAN SURFACE FROM OCT. FLYBY VIDEO:WHAT’S KNOWN ABOUT TITAN BEFORE THE FIRST FLYBY VIDEO:NARRATED MOVIE OF CLOUDS MOVING NEAR SOUTH POLE VIDEO:OCT. BRIEFING ON RADAR IMAGES OF TITAN SURFACE Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Huygens test successful EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY NEWS RELEASEPosted: September 19, 2004ESA’s Huygens probe, now orbiting Saturn on board the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini spacecraft, is in good health and successfully passed its fifteenth ‘In-Flight Checkout’ on 14 September 2004. An artist’s concept shows Huygens parachuting to Titan after deployment from the Cassini orbiter. Credit: EADS AstriumThis in-flight checkout procedure was the last but one planned before separation of the Huygens probe from Cassini in December this year, and it included some specific activities that were intended to prepare for the separation. The main difference in this procedure from previous checkouts was that there was a test of the Master Timer Unit (MTU). Because Huygens will spend three weeks coasting towards Titan following separation from the Cassini orbiter, its systems and instruments are powered down. The MTU is the ‘triple-redundant’ alarm-clock that has the most important job of waking up Huygens a few hours before its entry into Titan’s atmosphere. The checkout also included some specific payload activities required to configure the Huygens instruments before separation. The procedure was carried out live, with Cassini transmitting the data to Earth in real-time. However the data arrived on Earth with an 80-minute delay as this is the time taken for light, and therefore radio signals, to travel the distance between Saturn and Earth. The preliminary analysis of the real-time data received, performed within 12 hours after the test, indicates that the MTU test was successful, and that all instruments performed as expected.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Spaceflight Now +Premium video content for our Spaceflight Now Plus subscribers.Huygens mission scienceAfter entering orbit around Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft will launch the European Huygens probe to make a parachute landing on the surface of the moon Titan. The scientific objectives of Huygens are explained by probe project manager Jean-Pierre Lebreton. (3min 14sec file)Saturn’s moon TitanLearn more about Saturn’s moon Titan, which is believed to harbor a vast ocean, in this narrated movie. (4min 01sec file)Relive Cassini’s launchAn Air Force Titan 4B rocket launches NASA’s Cassini spacecraft at 4:43 a.m. October 15, 1997 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. (5min 15sec file)Iapetus: A view from the top CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: January 9, 2004This oblique view of Saturn’s moon Iapetus from high latitude shows how the dark, heavily cratered terrain of Cassini Regio transitions to a bright, icy terrain at high latitudes. Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science InstituteDownload larger image version In this mosaic of two high resolution images taken during Cassini’s New Year’s Eve 2004 flyby of Iapetus, the direction toward the north pole is approximately 15 degrees below the horizontal on the right. At the equator terrains are uniformly covered with a dark mantle of material that has a reflectivity of about 4 percent. At latitudes toward the pole of about 40 degrees, the dark deposits become patchy and diffuse as the surface transitions to a much brighter, icy terrain near the pole. The brightest icy materials exhibit visual reflectivity over 60 percent. Superimposed on the bright terrain is a subtle, ghostly pattern of crudely parallel, north-south trending wispy streaks. The streaks, which were discovered during this flyby of Iapetus, are typically a few kilometers wide and sometimes tens of kilometers long. Their appearance and orientation may be connected with the emplacement of dark materials that cover Cassini Regio. The dark materials might represent the gradual accumulation of dark debris falling from space, or alternatively, may represent fallout from plume-style eruptions that may have accompanied the formation of Iapetus’s enigmatic equatorial ridge. Also seen in this mosaic are conspicuous, north-facing bright crater walls. An example can be seen in the upper left where the bright, 4-kilometer-high (2.5 miles) walls of a 70 kilometer (44 mile) central-peak crater lies. The bright crater walls are often higher in brightness than the corresponding south-facing walls of the same crater. They are vaguely reminiscent of bright north-facing crater walls that were discovered by NASA’s Voyager and Galileo spacecraft in craters near the poles of the Jovian satellites Callisto and Ganymede. In the case of the Jovian satellites, cold-trapping of frosts on north-facing slopes and sublimation of ices from south-facing slopes are thought to produce the north-south asymmetries in crater wall brightness. However, the occurrence of some young-appearing craters on Iapetus that have bright north-facing and dark south-facing slopes, and the pattern of streaks near the north pole of Iapetus suggests that another mechanism may be responsible for the crater wall brightness asymmetries on Iapetus. One possibility is that the south-facing slopes may be stained by the same process that emplaced the low brightness coating throughout the region. In this case, the north-pointing scarps might be bright because they face away and are shielded from the putative falling spray of dark materials. Bright south-facing slopes would exist primarily on young craters that have not been exposed to the darkening agent long enough to be stained. The image was obtained in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera on Dec. 31, 2004, at a distance of about 123,370 kilometers (76,658 miles) from Iapetus and at a Sun-Iapetus-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 93 degrees. Resolution achieved in the original image was 732 meters (2,401 feet) per pixel. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging team is based at the Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colo. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Instrument aims at Saturn’s space environment JHU-APL NEWS RELEASEPosted: June 30, 2004As NASA’s Cassini-Huygens spacecraft begins its four-year orbital tour of the Saturn system, mission scientists will use an innovative imaging device to deliver the most detailed look yet at the relationship between the Sun, the giant ringed planet and the diverse collection of moons looping around it.The Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument – or MIMI – is one of 12 science instruments on the main Cassini spacecraft, set to enter orbit around Saturn on July 1 (EDT). The MIMI experiment, an international team effort led by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), Laurel, Md., includes three distinct sensors that will profile the environment of charged particles at Saturn and obtain the first visible, global images of Saturn’s magnetosphere.”Until now, measuring a planet’s magnetic field and charged particle environment – its magnetosphere – has been difficult,” says Dr. Stamatios (Tom) Krimigis, of APL, MIMI principal investigator. “A spacecraft can measure it at one point when it flies past a planet, but you don’t know what’s happening somewhere else and you never get the entire picture. With our instrument, and from orbit around the planet, we’ll be able to look at the changing patterns and dynamics of Saturn’s space weather – actually see how it reacts to the solar wind over time and how it affects the surfaces and atmospheres of the moons embedded in the magnetosphere.”MIMI’s sensors combine three critical measurements to create that picture. Its high-energy particle detector (developed by APL, the Max Plank Institute and a number of co-investigator institutions) looks at the distribution and strength of energetic ions and electrons near the spacecraft. Its charge-energy mass spectrometer (built by the University of Maryland, College Park) measures the charge and determines the elemental composition of these particles.MIMI’s ion and neutral camera takes a wider approach, using an APL-developed technique known as energetic neutral atom imaging to provide a global view of the entire magnetosphere – a deep-space mission first. The camera detects the “glow” of energized particles trapped in the planet’s magnetic field, which will allow scientists to make three-dimensional images of the compression and expansion of Saturn’s magnetosphere as it’s buffeted by the solar wind, or as it sends streams of particles toward the surfaces of Titan and other nearby satellites.”Magnetospheres can change dramatically over a matter of hours to days, so flybys such as the Voyager spacecrafts’ only yield a snapshot in time and space,” says MIMI Instrument Scientist Dr. Donald Mitchell, of APL. “With Cassini we’re going to get years and years of nearly continuous data, which will give us a much more complete understanding of this complex system. We’ll be able to watch the whole dynamic between the sun and Saturn, and the planet and its moons.”The camera was pointed toward Saturn’s magnetosphere four months ago and has already collected impressive data, Mitchell says. MIMI had a successful test run during Cassini’s flight past Jupiter in late 2000-early 2001, providing scientists with never-before-seen images of the giant planet’s magnetosphere and underlying dynamics; a huge nebula of particles – spewed from volcanoes on the moon Io – enveloping Jupiter and extending some 22 million kilometers (13 million miles) past the planet; and a large and surprisingly dense gas cloud sharing an orbit with Jupiter’s icy moon Europa.While the mission at Saturn is just beginning, Krimigis expects MIMI’s data will eventually give scientists a better understanding of the space environment closer to home.”Planetary magnetic fields have a lot in common, even if the planets themselves are very different,” he says. “We hope to find some of the characteristics that affect both the Earth and Saturn, and feed this knowledge back into the models we have for space weather at Earth. Then we can devise accurate space weather forecasts that give advance warning of the electromagnetic storms that affect our satellites, communications, power grids and other technological systems.”Including the APL-built MIMI, half of Cassini’s instruments are designed to investigate the space environments around Saturn and its moons. Cassini – launched on Oct. 15, 1997 – will also release its piggybacked Huygens probe, built by the European Space Agency (ESA), this December for descent through the thick atmosphere of the moon Titan.The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the $3.3-billion mission for NASA’s office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The MIMI team includes investigators and expertise from APL; the University of Maryland, College Park; University of Kansas, Lawrence; University of Arizona, Tucson; Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J.; the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Lindau, Germany; and the Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements in Toulouse, France.The Applied Physics Laboratory, a division of The Johns Hopkins University, meets critical national challenges through the innovative application of science and technology.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Latest color pictures from Cassini look like artwork CASSINI PHOTO RELEASEPosted: August 19, 2004NASA has released three new stunning color pictures taken by the Cassini spacecraft exploring the planet Saturn. The images show the giant planet, its golden rings and several moons. Credit: NASA/JPL/University of ArizonaDownload larger image version FIRST IMAGE: Saturn’s atmosphere is prominently shown with the rings emerging from behind the planet at upper right. The two moons on the left of the image are Mimas and Enceladus. This image was taken on August 8, 2004, with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera in red, green, and blue filters. This image was taken 8.5 million kilometers (5.3 million miles) from Saturn. Contrast has been enhanced to aid visibility. Credit: NASA/JPL/University of ArizonaDownload larger image version SECOND IMAGE: Saturn’s rings appear golden as the planet’s shadow drapes across nearly the whole span of the rings. In the upper left corner is Saturn’s moon Mimas. This color image was taken on August 15, 2004, with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera, using the red, green, and blue filters. The image was taken 8.8 million kilometers (5.5 million miles) from Saturn. Contrast has been enhanced to aid visibility. Credit: NASA/JPL/University of ArizonaDownload larger image version THIRD IMAGE: Saturn and its rings are prominently shown in this color image, along with three of Saturn’s smaller moons. From left to right, they are Prometheus, Pandora and Janus. Prometheus and Pandora are often called the “F ring shepherds” as they control and interact with Saturn’s interesting F ring, seen between them. This image was taken on June 18, 2004, with the Cassini spacecraft narrow angle camera 8.2 million kilometers (5.1 million miles) from Saturn. It was created using the red, green, and blue filters. Contrast has been enhanced to aid visibility. The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle’s last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Mission has faced many hurdles and challenges BY WILLIAM HARWOOD

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